econamcis engineering hw I need it done in 5 hours

I uploaded a video for you to watch to answer these questions. However,  the 3rd Question you need to use the charts that I added ( lead SDS and Arsenic), for the fourth Question you need to google the Flint Water crisis in 2014 and how is it related to the case of the study. I need a paragraph for each question and support your answers with a good reason from the video   

SAFETY DATA SHEET
Creation Date 22-Sep-2009 Revision Date 25-Apr-2019 Revision Number 6

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1. Identification
Product Name Arsenic, reference standard solution 1000 ppm in 7% nitric acid

Cat No. : SA449-100, SA449-500

Synonyms

No information available

Recommended Use Laboratory chemicals.
Uses advised against Food, drug, pesticide or biocidal product use

Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet

Emergency Telephone Number
CHEMTRECÒ, Inside the USA: 800-424-9300
CHEMTRECÒ, Outside the USA: 001-703-527-3887

2. Hazard(s) identification
Classification
This chemical is considered hazardous by the 2012 OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200)

Label Elements

Signal Word
Danger

Hazard Statements
May be corrosive to metals
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
May cause respiratory irritation
May cause cancer

Company
Fisher Scientific
One Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
Tel: (201) 796-7100

Skin Corrosion/irritation Category 1 A
Serious Eye Damage/Eye Irritation Category 1
Carcinogenicity Category 1A
Specific target organ toxicity (single exposure) Category 3
Target Organs – Respiratory system.

Corrosive to metals Category 1

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 1 / 9

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Arsenic, reference standard solution 1000 ppm in 7%
nitric acid

Revision Date 25-Apr-2019

Precautionary Statements
Prevention
Obtain special instructions before use
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood
Use personal protective equipment as required
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray
Wash face, hands and any exposed skin thoroughly after handling
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area
Keep only in original container
Response
Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician
Inhalation
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing
Skin
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse
Eyes
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing
Ingestion
IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. DO NOT induce vomiting
Spills
Absorb spillage to prevent material damage
Storage
Store locked up
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed
Store in corrosive resistant polypropylene container with a resistant inliner
Store in a dry place
Disposal
Dispose of contents/container to an approved waste disposal plant
Hazards not otherwise classified (HNOC)
Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects
WARNING. Cancer and Reproductive Harm – https://www.p65warnings.ca.gov/.

3. Composition/Information on Ingredients

Component CAS-No Weight %
Water 7732-18-5 92 – 93

Nitric acid 7697-37-2 7
Arsenic trioxide 1327-53-3 < 0.5

4. First-aid measures

General Advice Immediate medical attention is required. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in
attendance.

Eye Contact Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes.
Immediate medical attention is required.

Skin Contact Wash off immediately with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Remove and wash

______________________________________________________________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________________________________________
Arsenic, reference standard solution 1000 ppm in 7%
nitric acid
Revision Date 25-Apr-2019

contaminated clothing before re-use. Call a physician immediately.

Inhalation If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or
inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with
a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Remove from exposure, lie
down. Call a physician immediately.

Ingestion Do not induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Clean
mouth with water. Call a physician immediately.

Most important symptoms and
effects

Causes burns by all exposure routes. . Product is a corrosive material. Use of gastric
lavage or emesis is contraindicated. Possible perforation of stomach or esophagus should
be investigated: Ingestion causes severe swelling, severe damage to the delicate tissue
and danger of perforation

Notes to Physician Treat symptomatically

5. Fire-fighting measures
Suitable Extinguishing Media CO 2, dry chemical, dry sand, alcohol-resistant foam.

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media No information available

Flash Point

Not applicable

Method – No information available

Autoignition Temperature No information available
Explosion Limits

Upper No data available
Lower No data available

Sensitivity to Mechanical Impact No information available
Sensitivity to Static Discharge No information available

Specific Hazards Arising from the Chemical
Thermal decomposition can lead to release of irritating gases and vapors. The product causes burns of eyes, skin and mucous
membranes.

Hazardous Combustion Products
Nitrogen oxides (NOx) Thermal decomposition can lead to release of irritating gases and vapors
Protective Equipment and Precautions for Firefighters
Thermal decomposition can lead to release of irritating gases and vapors. As in any fire, wear self-contained breathing apparatus
pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent) and full protective gear.

NFPA

6. Accidental release measures
Personal Precautions Use personal protective equipment. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to

safe areas. Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak.
Environmental Precautions Should not be released into the environment. Do not flush into surface water or sanitary

sewer system. See Section 12 for additional ecological information. Avoid release to the
environment. Collect spillage.

Methods for Containment and Clean
Up

Soak up with inert absorbent material. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal.

7. Handling and storage
Handling Use only under a chemical fume hood. Wear personal protective equipment. Do not get in

eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Do not breathe vapors or spray mist. Do not ingest.

Health
4

Flammability
0

Instability
0

______________________________________________________________________________________________

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Physical hazards
N/A

______________________________________________________________________________________________
Arsenic, reference standard solution 1000 ppm in 7%
nitric acid
Revision Date 25-Apr-2019

Storage Corrosives area. Keep containers tightly closed in a dry, cool and well-ventilated place.
Keep in properly labeled containers. Do not store in metal containers.

8. Exposure controls / personal protection
Exposure Guidelines

9. Physical and chemical properties
Physical State Liquid
Appearance Colorless
Odor Odorless
Odor Threshold No information available
pH 2.0
Melting Point/Range 0 °C / 32 °F
Boiling Point/Range 100 °C / 212 °F
Flash Point Not applicable
Evaporation Rate > 1 (ether = 1)
Flammability (solid,gas) Not applicable
Flammability or explosive limits

Upper No data available
Lower No data available

Vapor Pressure 14 mmHg @ 20 °C

Component ACGIH TLV OSHA PEL NIOSH IDLH Mexico OEL (TWA)
Nitric acid TWA: 2 ppm

STEL: 4 ppm
(Vacated) TWA: 2 ppm

(Vacated)

TWA: 5 mg/m3

(Vacated) STEL: 4 ppm
(Vacated) STEL: 10 mg/m3

TWA: 2 ppm
TWA: 5 mg/m3

IDLH: 25 ppm
TWA: 2 ppm

TWA: 5 mg/m3

STEL: 4 ppm
STEL: 10 mg/m3

TWA: 2 ppm
STEL: 4 ppm

Arsenic trioxide TWA: 0.01 mg/m3 IDLH: 5 mg/m3

Ceiling: 0.002 mg/m3
TWA: 0.01 mg/m3

Legend

ACGIH – American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration
NIOSH IDLH: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health

Engineering Measures Use only under a chemical fume hood. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers
are close to the workstation location. Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined
areas.

Personal Protective Equipment

Eye/face Protection Tightly fitting safety goggles. Face-shield.

Skin and body protection Long sleeved clothing.

Respiratory Protection Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard
EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if
exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Hygiene Measures Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs. When using, do not eat, drink or
smoke. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Provide
regular cleaning of equipment, work area and clothing. Avoid contact with skin, eyes and
clothing. For environmental protection remove and wash all contaminated protective
equipment before re-use. Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.

______________________________________________________________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________________________________________
Arsenic, reference standard solution 1000 ppm in 7%
nitric acid
Revision Date 25-Apr-2019

Vapor Density 0.7 (Air = 1.0)
Specific Gravity No information available
Solubility miscible
Partition coefficient; n-octanol/water No data available
Autoignition Temperature No information available
Decomposition Temperature No information available
Viscosity No information available

10. Stability and reactivity

Reactive Hazard None known, based on information available

Stability Stable under normal conditions.

Conditions to Avoid Excess heat. Exposure to air or moisture over prolonged periods.

Incompatible Materials Strong bases, Amines, Strong reducing agents, Metals

Hazardous Decomposition Products Nitrogen oxides (NOx), Thermal decomposition can lead to release of irritating gases and
vapors

Hazardous Polymerization Hazardous polymerization does not occur.

Hazardous Reactions None under normal processing.

11. Toxicological information
Acute Toxicity

Product Information
Oral LD50 Category 4. ATE = 300 – 2000 mg/kg. Based on ATE data, the classification criteria are not

met. ATE > 2000 mg/kg.
Dermal LD50 Based on ATE data, the classification criteria are not met. ATE > 2000 mg/kg.
Vapor LC50 Category 2. ATE = 0.5 – 2 mg/l. Based on ATE data, the classification criteria are not met.

ATE > 20 mg/l.
Component Information

Component LD50 Oral LD50 Dermal LC50 Inhalation
Water – Not listed Not listed

Nitric acid Not listed Not listed LC50 = 2500 ppm. (Rat) 1h
Arsenic trioxide LD50 = 20 mg/kg ( Rat ) Not listed Not listed

Toxicologically Synergistic
Products

No information available

Delayed and immediate effects as well as chronic effects from short and long-term exposure

Irritation Causes burns by all exposure routes

Sensitization No information available

Carcinogenicity The table below indicates whether each agency has listed any ingredient as a carcinogen.

Component CAS-No IARC NTP ACGIH OSHA Mexico
Water 7732-18-5 Not listed Not listed Not listed Not listed Not listed

Nitric acid 7697-37-2 Not listed Not listed Not listed Not listed Not listed
Arsenic trioxide 1327-53-3 Group 1 Known A1 X A1
IARC: (International Agency for Research on Cancer) IARC: (International Agency for Research on Cancer)

Group 1 – Carcinogenic to Humans
Group 2A – Probably Carcinogenic to Humans
Group 2B – Possibly Carcinogenic to Humans

NTP: (National Toxicity Program) NTP: (National Toxicity Program)

______________________________________________________________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________________________________________
Arsenic, reference standard solution 1000 ppm in 7%
nitric acid
Revision Date 25-Apr-2019

Known – Known Carcinogen
Reasonably Anticipated – Reasonably Anticipated to be a Human
Carcinogen

ACGIH: (American Conference of Governmental Industrial
Hygienists)

A1 – Known Human Carcinogen
A2 – Suspected Human Carcinogen
A3 – Animal Carcinogen
ACGIH: (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists)

Mexico – Occupational Exposure Limits – Carcinogens Mexico – Occupational Exposure Limits – Carcinogens
A1 – Confirmed Human Carcinogen
A2 – Suspected Human Carcinogen
A3 – Confirmed Animal Carcinogen
A4 – Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen
A5 – Not Suspected as a Human Carcinogen

Mutagenic Effects No information available

Reproductive Effects No information available.

Developmental Effects No information available.

Teratogenicity No information available.

STOT – single exposure Respiratory system
STOT – repeated exposure None known

Aspiration hazard No information available

Symptoms / effects,both acute and
delayed

Product is a corrosive material. Use of gastric lavage or emesis is contraindicated.
Possible perforation of stomach or esophagus should be investigated: Ingestion causes
severe swelling, severe damage to the delicate tissue and danger of perforation

Endocrine Disruptor Information No information available

Other Adverse Effects The toxicological properties have not been fully investigated.

12. Ecological information
Ecotoxicity
Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. The product contains following
substances which are hazardous for the environment.

Component Freshwater Algae Freshwater Fish Microtox Water Flea
Nitric acid Not listed LC50: = 72 mg/L, 96h

(Gambusia affinis)
Not listed Not listed

Arsenic trioxide Not listed LC50: > 1000 mg/L, 96h
static (Oncorhynchus

mykiss)
LC50: 18.8 – 21.4 mg/L, 96h
flow-through (Oncorhynchus

mykiss)
LC50: = 135 mg/L, 96h
(Pimephales promelas)

EC50 = 31.43 mg/L 60 min
EC50 = 33.39 mg/L 30 min
EC50 = 43.56 mg/L 15 min
EC50 = 73.73 mg/L 5 min

EC50 = 0.038 mg/L 24h
EC50 = 0.96 mg/L 96h
EC50 = 0.038 mg/L 24h

Persistence and Degradability Miscible with water Persistence is unlikely based on information available.

Bioaccumulation/ Accumulation No information available.

Mobility Will likely be mobile in the environment due to its water solubility.

Component log Pow
Nitric acid -2.3

Arsenic trioxide 18.1

______________________________________________________________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________________________________________
Arsenic, reference standard solution 1000 ppm in 7%
nitric acid
Revision Date 25-Apr-2019

13. Disposal considerations
Waste Disposal Methods Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a

hazardous waste. Chemical waste generators must also consult local, regional, and
national hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.

14. Transport information
DOT

UN-No UN2031
Proper Shipping Name NITRIC ACID
Hazard Class 8
Subsidiary Hazard Class 5.1
Packing Group II

TDG
UN-No UN2031
Proper Shipping Name NITRIC ACID
Hazard Class 8
Packing Group II

IATA
UN-No UN2031
Proper Shipping Name NITRIC ACID
Hazard Class 8
Packing Group II

IMDG/IMO
UN-No UN2031
Proper Shipping Name NITRIC ACID
Hazard Class 8
Packing Group II

15. Regulatory information

United States of America Inventory

Component CAS-No TSCA TSCA Inventory notification

Active/Inactive

TSCA – EPA Regulatory
Flags

Water 7732-18-5 X ACTIVE –
Nitric acid 7697-37-2 X ACTIVE –

Arsenic trioxide 1327-53-3 X ACTIVE –

Legend:
TSCA – Toxic Substances Control Act, (40 CFR Part 710)
X – Listed
‘-‘ – Not Listed

TSCA 12(b) – Notices of Export Not applicable

International Inventories
Canada (DSL/NDSL), Europe (EINECS/ELINCS/NLP), Philippines (PICCS), Japan (ENCS), Australia (AICS), China (IECSC), Korea (ECL).

Component CAS-No DSL NDSL EINECS PICCS ENCS AICS IECSC KECL
Water 7732-18-5 X – 231-791-2 X – X X KE-35400

Nitric acid 7697-37-2 X – 231-714-2 X X X X KE-25911
Arsenic trioxide 1327-53-3 X – 215-481-4 X X X X KE-09858

U.S. Federal Regulations

SARA 313
Component CAS-No Weight % SARA 313 – Threshold

Values %

______________________________________________________________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________________________________________
Arsenic, reference standard solution 1000 ppm in 7%
nitric acid
Revision Date 25-Apr-2019

Nitric acid 7697-37-2 7 1.0
Arsenic trioxide 1327-53-3 < 0.5 0.1

SARA 311/312 Hazard Categories See section 2 for more information

CWA (Clean Water Act)
Component CWA – Hazardous

Substances
CWA – Reportable

Quantities
CWA – Toxic Pollutants CWA – Priority Pollutants

Nitric acid X 1000 lb – –
Arsenic trioxide X 1 lb X –

Clean Air Act
Component HAPS Data Class 1 Ozone Depletors Class 2 Ozone Depletors

Arsenic trioxide X –

OSHA – Occupational Safety and
Health Administration

Not applicable

Component Specifically Regulated Chemicals Highly Hazardous Chemicals
Nitric acid – TQ: 500 lb

Arsenic trioxide 10 µg/m3 TWA
5 µg/m3 Action Level

CERCLA Not applicable

Component Hazardous Substances RQs CERCLA EHS RQs
Nitric acid 1000 lb 1000 lb

Arsenic trioxide 1 lb 1 lb
California Proposition 65 This product does not contain any Proposition 65 chemicals

Component CAS-No California Prop. 65 Prop 65 NSRL Category
Arsenic trioxide 1327-53-3 Carcinogen

Developmental
0.06 µg/day
10 µg/day

Developmental
Carcinogen

U.S. State Right-to-Know
Regulations

Component Massachusetts New Jersey Pennsylvania Illinois Rhode Island
Water – – X – –

Nitric acid X X X X X
Arsenic trioxide X X X X X

U.S. Department of Transportation
Reportable Quantity (RQ): N
DOT Marine Pollutant N
DOT Severe Marine Pollutant N

U.S. Department of Homeland
Security

This product contains the following DHS chemicals:
Legend – STQs = Screening Threshold Quantities, APA = A placarded amount

Component DHS Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standard
Nitric acid Release STQs – 15000lb

Theft STQs – 400lb
Other International Regulations

Mexico – Grade No information available

16. Other information
Prepared By Regulatory Affairs

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 8 / 9

______________________________________________________________________________________________
Arsenic, reference standard solution 1000 ppm in 7%
nitric acid
Revision Date 25-Apr-2019

Thermo Fisher Scientific
Email: EMSDS.RA@thermofisher.com

Creation Date 22-Sep-2009
Revision Date 25-Apr-2019
Print Date 25-Apr-2019
Revision Summary This document has been updated to comply with the US OSHA HazCom 2012 Standard

replacing the current legislation under 29 CFR 1910.1200 to align with the Globally
Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).

Disclaimer
The information provided in this Safety Data Sheet is correct to the best of our knowledge, information and belief at the
date of its publication. The information given is designed only as a guidance for safe handling, use, processing, storage,
transportation, disposal and release and is not to be considered a warranty or quality specification. The information
relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with any other
materials or in any process, unless specified in the text

End of SDS

______________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 9 / 9

Lead

Safety Data Sheet

according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

Date of issue: 12/15/2014 Revision date: 12/15/2014 Version: 1.1

EN (English US) Page 1

SECTION 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company/undertaking

1.1. Product identifier

Product form : Substance

CAS No : 7439-92-1

Formula : Pb

Synonyms : C.I. 77575, in massive state / elemental lead, in massive state / glover, in massive state

BIG no : 10073

1.2. Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against

Use of the substance/mixture : Solder
Battery: component
Construction
Electrodes

1.3. Details of the supplier of the safety data sheet

GSC International, Inc.
1747 N. Deffer Drive
Nixa,
MO 65714
United States of America

Tel: 417-374-7431
Fax: 417-374-7442
Email: info@gscinternationalinc.com

1.4. Emergency telephone number

Country Organization/Company Address Emergency number

MEXICO Servicio de Informacion Toxicologica Sintox Tintoreto #32 Edif. a Desp. Col.
Nochebuena Mixcoac
México, D.F.

1 800 009 2800
+52 55 5611 2634 /+52 55
5598 9095

UNITED STATES OF
AMERICA

American Association of Poison Control Centers 1-800-222-1222

SECTION 2: Hazards identification

2.1. Classification of the substance or mixture

Classification (GHS-US)

Acute Tox. 4 (Oral) H302
Acute Tox. 4 (Inhalation) H332
Carc. 1B H350
Repr. 1A H360
STOT RE 2 H373
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410

Full text of H-phrases: see section 16

2.2. Label elements

GHS-US labeling

Hazard pictograms (GHS-US)

:

GHS07

GHS08

GHS09

Signal word (GHS-US) : Danger

Hazard statements (GHS-US) : H302+H332 – Harmful if swallowed or if inhaled
H350 – May cause cancer
H360 – May damage fertility or the unborn child
H373 – May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

Lead
Safety Data Sheet
according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

EN (English US) 2/10

H400 – Very toxic to aquatic life
H410 – Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

Precautionary statements (GHS-US)

:

P201 – Obtain special instructions before use
P202 – Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood
P260 – Do not breathe dust, fume
P264 – Wash hands thoroughly after handling
P270 – Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product
P273 – Avoid release to the environment
P304+P340 – If inhaled: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing
P308+P313 – If exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention
P314 – Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell
P501 – Dispose of contents/container to a licensed hazardous-waste disposal contractor or
collection site except for empty clean containers which can be disposed of as non-hazardous
waste

2.3. Other hazards

No additional information available

2.4. Unknown acute toxicity (GHS-US)

Not applicable

SECTION 3: Composition/information on ingredients

3.1. Substance

Name Product identifier % Classification (GHS-US)

Lead
(Main constituent)

(CAS No) 7439-92-1 > 99,9 Acute Tox. 4 (Oral), H302
Acute Tox. 4 (Inhalation), H332
Carc. 1B, H350
Repr. 1A, H360
STOT RE 2, H373
Aquatic Acute 1, H400
Aquatic Chronic 1, H410

Full text of H-phrases: see section 16

3.2. Mixture

Not applicable

4.1. Description of first aid measures

First-aid measures general : If you feel unwell, seek medical advice. IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
Call a poison center/doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

First-aid measures after inhalation : Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing. Not applicable. Call a poison
center/doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

First-aid measures after skin contact : Not applicable. Wash skin with plenty of water.

First-aid measures after eye contact : Not applicable. Rinse eyes with water as a precaution.

First-aid measures after ingestion : Not applicable. Rinse mouth. Call a poison center/doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed

Symptoms/injuries after inhalation : No effects known.

Symptoms/injuries after skin contact : No effects known.

Symptoms/injuries after eye contact : No effects known.

Symptoms/injuries after ingestion : No effects known.

Chronic symptoms : No effects known.

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed

Treat symptomatically.

SECTION 5: Firefighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media

Suitable extinguishing media : Adapt extinguishing media to the environment.

Unsuitable extinguishing media : No unsuitable extinguishing media known.

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Fire hazard : DIRECT FIRE HAZARD. Non combustible.

Lead
Safety Data Sheet
according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

EN (English US) 3/10

Explosion hazard

:

DIRECT EXPLOSION HAZARD. No data available on direct explosion hazard. INDIRECT
EXPLOSION HAZARD. No data available on indirect explosion hazard.

Reactivity :

On burning: formation of metallic fumes. Oxidizes on exposure to air.

5.3. Advice for firefighters

Precautionary measures fire : Exposure to fire/heat: keep upwind. Exposure to fire/heat: consider evacuation. Exposure to
heat: have neighborhood close doors and windows.

Firefighting instructions : Dilute toxic gases with water spray. Take account of toxic fire-fighting water. Use water
moderately and if possible collect or contain it.

Protection during firefighting : Heat/fire exposure: compressed air/oxygen apparatus. Do not attempt to take action without
suitable protective equipment. Self-contained breathing apparatus. Complete protective
clothing.

SECTION 6: Accidental release measures

6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

6.1.1. For non-emergency personnel

Protective equipment : Gloves. Protective clothing. See “Material-Handling” to select protective clothing.

Emergency procedures : Mark the danger area. No naked flames.

6.1.2. For emergency responders

Protective equipment : Do not attempt to take action without suitable protective equipment. For further information
refer to section 8: “Exposure controls/personal protection”.

6.2. Environmental precautions

Avoid release to the environment. Prevent soil and water pollution. Prevent spreading in sewers. Notify authorities if product enters sewers or public
waters.

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up

For containment : Not applicable. Collect spillage.

Methods for cleaning up : Recover mechanically the product. Pick-up the material. Take collected spill to
manufacturer/competent authority. Notify authorities if product enters sewers or public waters.

Other information : Dispose of materials or solid residues at an authorized site.

6.4. Reference to other sections

For further information refer to section 13.

SECTION 7: Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling

Precautions for safe handling : Meet the legal requirements. Do not discharge the waste into the drain. Handle unclean empty
containers as full ones. Observe strict hygiene. Measure the concentration in the atmosphere.
Carry out operations in the open/under local exhaust/ventilation or with respiratory protection.
Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been
read and understood. Do not breathe dust, fume. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
Take all necessary technical measures to avoid or minimize the release of the product on the
workplace. Limit quantities of product at the minimum necessary for handling and limit the
number of exposed workers. Provide local exhaust or general room ventilation. Wear personal
protective equipment. Floors, walls and other surfaces in the hazard area must be cleaned
regularly.

Hygiene measures : Separate working clothes from town clothes. Launder separately. Do not eat, drink or smoke
when using this product. Always wash hands after handling the product.

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

Technical measures : Does not require any specific or particular technical measures. Comply with applicable
regulations.

Storage conditions : Store locked up. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Incompatible materials : Strong acids, strong bases and oxidation agents.

Heat-ignition : KEEP SUBSTANCE AWAY FROM: heat sources.

Prohibitions on mixed storage : KEEP SUBSTANCE AWAY FROM: oxidizing agents. Strong acids. Strong bases.

Storage area : Meet the legal requirements.

Special rules on packaging : SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS: closing. correctly labeled. meet the legal requirements. Secure
fragile packaging in solid containers.

Lead
Safety Data Sheet
according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

EN (English US) 4/10

7.3. Specific end use(s)

No additional information available

SECTION 8: Exposure controls/personal protection

8.1. Control parameters

Lead (7439-92-1)

ACGIH ACGIH TWA (mg/m³) 0,05 mg/m³

ACGIH Remark (ACGIH) CNS & PNS impair

OSHA Not applicable

8.2. Exposure controls

Appropriate engineering controls : Provide adequate general and local exhaust ventilation. Ensure good ventilation of the work
station.

Personal protective equipment : Protective goggles. Gloves.

Materials for protective clothing : GIVE EXCELLENT RESISTANCE: No data available. GIVE GOOD RESISTANCE: butyl
rubber. PVC. GIVE LESS RESISTANCE: No data available. GIVE POOR RESISTANCE: No
data available.

Hand protection : protective gloves.

Eye protection : Safety glasses.

Skin and body protection : Not required for normal conditions of use.

Respiratory protection : Wear respiratory protection.

Environmental exposure controls : Avoid release to the environment.

SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties

9.1. Information on basic physical and chemical properties

Physical state : Solid

Appearance : Metal.

Molecular mass : 207,20 g/mol

Color : White to blue-grey

Odor : Odorless

Odor threshold : No data available

pH : No data available

Relative evaporation rate (butyl acetate=1) : No data available

Melting point : 327 °C

Freezing point : No data available

Boiling point : 1740 °C

Flash point : Not applicable

Auto-ignition temperature : No data available

Decomposition temperature : No data available

Flammability (solid, gas) : No data available

Vapor pressure : < 0,1 hPa

Relative vapor density at 20 °C : No data available

Relative density : 11,3

Specific gravity / density : 11340 kg/m³

Solubility : insoluble in water. Substance sinks in water. Soluble in nitric acid. Insoluble in organic solvents.
Water: < 0,1 g/100ml

Log Pow : 0,73 (Estimated value)

Log Kow : No data available

Lead
Safety Data Sheet
according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

EN (English US) 5/10

Viscosity, kinematic

:

Not applicable

Viscosity, dynamic : No data available

Explosive properties : No data available

Oxidizing properties : No data available

Explosive limits : No data available

9.2. Other information

VOC content : Not applicable (inorganic)

SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity

10.1. Reactivity

On burning: formation of metallic fumes. Oxidizes on exposure to air.

10.2. Chemical stability

Unstable on exposure to air.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions

No additional information available

10.4. Conditions to avoid

No additional information available

10.5. Incompatible materials

Acids. Bases.

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products

Thermal decomposition generates : fume.

SECTION 11: Toxicological information

11.1. Information on toxicological effects

Acute toxicity : Oral: Harmful if swallowed. Inhalation: Harmful if inhaled.

Lead ( \f )7439-92-1

LD50 oral rat > 2000 mg/kg body weight (Rat; Weight of evidence)

LD50 dermal rat > 2000 mg/kg body weight (Rat; Experimental value; OECD 402: Acute Dermal Toxicity)

ATE US (oral) 500,000 mg/kg body weight

ATE US (gases) 4500,000 ppmV/4h

ATE US (vapors) 11,000 mg/l/4h

ATE US (dust, mist) 1,500 mg/l/4h

Additional information Lead massive metal is not considered to be acutely toxic. It is not easily inhaled or ingested,
and if it is accidentally ingested normally passes through the gastrointestinal system without
significant absorption into the body. Lead is not easily absorbed through the skin.

Skin corrosion/irritation : Not classified

(Based on available data, the classification criteria are not met)

Serious eye damage/irritation : Not classified

(Based on available data, the classification criteria are not met)

Respiratory or skin sensitization : Not classified

(Based on available data, the classification criteria are not met)

Germ cell mutagenicity : Not classified

(Based on available data, the classification criteria are not met)

Carcinogenicity : May cause cancer.

Lead
Safety Data Sheet
according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

EN (English US) 6/10

Lead (7439-92-1)

Additional information There is some evidence that inorganic lead compounds may have a carcinogenic effect, and
they have been classified by IARC as probably carcinogenic to humans. However, it is
considered that this classification does not apply to lead in articles, given the very low
bioavailability of metallic lead. Carcinogenicity studies of lead metal powder have been
negative. Epidemiology studies of workers exposed to inorganic lead compounds have found
a limited association with stomach cancer. IARC has concluded that lead metal is possibly
carcinogenic to humans (Group aB).

IARC group 2B – Possibly carcinogenic to humans

National Toxicology Program (NTP) Status 3 – Reasonably anticipated to be Human Carcinogen

Reproductive toxicity

:

May damage fertility or the unborn child.

Specific target organ toxicity (single exposure) : Not classified

(Based on available data, the classification criteria are not met)

Specific target organ toxicity (repeated
exposure)

: May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Lead (7439-92-1)

Additional information Lead is a cumulative poison and may be absorbed into the body through ingestion or
inhalation. Although inhalation and ingestion of lead in massive form are unlikely, poor hygiene
practises may result in hand to mouth transfer which maybe significant over a prolonged
period of time. Inorganic lead compounds have been documented in observational human
studies to produce toxicity in multiple organ systems and body function including the
haemotopoetic (blood) system, kidney function, reproductive function and the central nervous
system.

Aspiration hazard : Not classified

(Based on available data, the classification criteria are not met)
Symptoms/injuries after inhalation : No effects known.
Symptoms/injuries after skin contact : No effects known.
Symptoms/injuries after eye contact : No effects known.
Symptoms/injuries after ingestion : No effects known.
Chronic symptoms : No effects known.

SECTION 12: Ecological information

12.1. Toxicity

Ecology – general : Dangerous for the environment. Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Ecology – air : Not dangerous for the ozone layer (Regulation (EC) No 1005/2009). Not included in the list of
fluorinated greenhouse gases (Regulation (EC) No 842/2006). TA-Luft Klasse 5.2.2/II.

Ecology – water : No water pollutant (surface water). Maximum concentration in drinking water: 0.010 mg/l (lead)
(Directive 98/83/EC). Highly toxic to aquatic organisms.

Lead (7439-92-1)

LC50 fish 1 2,8 (0,44 – 542) mg/l (96h) Coughlan, D.J., S.P. Gloss, and J. Kubota 1986. Acute and
Sub-Chronic Toxicity of Lead to the Early Life Stages of Small mouth Bass (Micropterus
dolomieui). Water Air Soil Pollut. 28(3/4):265-275

EC50 Daphnia 1 4,46 (0,53 – 5,1) mg/l (48h) Govindarajan, S., C.P. Valsaraj, R. Mohan, V. Hariprasad, and
R. Ramasubramanian 1993. Toxicity of Heavy Metals in Aquaculture Organisms: Penaeus
indicus, Perna viridis, Artemia salina and Skeletonema costatum. Pollut.Res. 12(3):187-189

12.2. Persistence and degradability

Lead (7439-92-1)

Persistence and degradability Biodegradability: Not applicable. No (test)data available on mobility of the substance.

ThOD Not applicable (inorganic)

12.3. Bioaccumulative potential

Lead (7439-92-1)

Log Pow 0,73 (Estimated value)

Bioaccumulative potential Low bioaccumulation potential (Log Kow < 4).

12.4. Mobility in soil

No additional information available

Lead
Safety Data Sheet
according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

EN (English US) 7/10

12.5. Other adverse effects

Effect on ozone layer :

SECTION 13: Disposal considerations

13.1. Waste treatment methods

Waste disposal recommendations : Dispose in a safe manner in accordance with local/national regulations. Hazardous waste shall
not be mixed together with other waste. Different types of hazardous waste shall not be mixed
together if this may entail a risk of pollution or create problems for the further management of
the waste. Hazardous waste shall be managed responsibly. All entities that store, transport or
handle hazardous waste shall take the necessary measures to prevent risks of pollution or
damage to people or animals. Reuse or recycle following decontamination. Remove to an
authorized dump (Class I). Do not discharge into surface water (2000/60/EC, Council decision
2455/2001/EC, O.J. L331 of 15/12/2001).

Additional information : LWCA (the Netherlands): KGA category 05. Hazardous waste according to Directive
2008/98/EC.

SECTION 14: Transport information

In accordance with DOT

Transport document description : UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s. Lead(7439-92-1), 9, III

UN-No.(DOT) : UN3077

Proper Shipping Name (DOT) : Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s.

Lead(7439-92-1)

Department of Transportation (DOT) Hazard
Classes

: 9 – Class 9 – Miscellaneous hazardous material 49 CFR 173.140

Hazard labels (DOT) : 9 – Class 9 (Miscellaneous dangerous materials)

DOT Symbols : G – Identifies PSN requiring a technical name

Packing group (DOT) : III – Minor Danger

Lead
Safety Data Sheet
according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

EN (English US) 8/10

DOT Special Provisions (49 CFR 172.102)

:

8 – A hazardous substance that is not a hazardous waste may be shipped under the shipping
description “Other regulated substances, liquid or solid, n.o.s.”, as appropriate. In addition, for
solid materials, special provision B54 applies.
146 – This description may be used for a material that poses a hazard to the environment but
does not meet the definition for a hazardous waste or a hazardous substance, as defined in
171.8 of this subchapter, or any hazard class as defined in Part 173 of this subchapter, if it is
designated as environmentally hazardous by the Competent Authority of the country of origin,
transit or destination.
335 – Mixtures of solids that are not subject to this subchapter and environmentally hazardous
liquids or solids may be classified as “Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s,”
UN3077 and may be transported under this entry, provided there is no free liquid visible at the
time the material is loaded or at the time the packaging or transport unit is closed. Each
transport unit must be leak-proof when used as bulk packaging.
A112 – Notwithstanding the quantity limits shown in Column (9A) and (9B) for this entry, the
following IBCs are authorized for transportation aboard passenger and cargo-only aircraft. Each
IBC may not exceed a maximum net quantity of 1,000 kg:
a. Metal: 11A, 11B, 11N, 21A, 21B and 21N
b. Rigid plastics: 11H1, 11H2, 21H1 and 21H2
c. Composite with plastic inner receptacle: 11HZ1, 11HZ2, 21HZ1 and 21HZ2
d. Fiberboard: 11G
e. Wooden: 11C, 11D and 11F (with inner liners)
f. Flexible: 13H2, 13H3, 13H4, 13H5, 13L2, 13L3, 13L4, 13M1 and 13M2 (flexible IBCs must be
sift-proof and water resistant or must be fitted with a sift-proof and water resistant liner).
B54 – Open-top, sift-proof rail cars are also authorized.
IB8 – Authorized IBCs: Metal (11A, 11B, 11N, 21A, 21B, 21N, 31A, 31B and 31N); Rigid
plastics (11H1, 11H2, 21H1, 21H2, 31H1 and 31H2); Composite (11HZ1, 11HZ2, 21HZ1,
21HZ2, 31HZ1 and 31HZ2); Fiberboard (11G); Wooden (11C, 11D and 11F); Flexible (13H1,
13H2, 13H3, 13H4, 13H5, 13L1, 13L2, 13L3, 13L4, 13M1 or 13M2).
IP3 – Flexible IBCs must be sift-proof and water-resistant or must be fitted with a sift-proof and
water-resistant liner.
N20 – A 5M1 multi-wall paper bag is authorized if transported in a closed transport vehicle.
T1 – 1.5 178.274(d)(2) Normal…………. 178.275(d)(2)
TP33 – The portable tank instruction assigned for this substance applies for granular and
powdered solids and for solids which are filled and discharged at temperatures above their
melting point which are cooled and transported as a solid mass. Solid substances transported
or offered for transport above their melting point are authorized for transportation in portable
tanks conforming to the provisions of portable tank instruction T4 for solid substances of
packing group III or T7 for solid substances of packing group II, unless a tank with more
stringent requirements for minimum shell thickness, maximum allowable working pressure,
pressure-relief devices or bottom outlets are assigned in which case the more stringent tank
instruction and special provisions shall apply. Filling limits must be in accordance with portable
tank special provision TP3. Solids meeting the definition of an elevated temperature material
must be transported in accordance with the applicable requirements of this subchapter.

DOT Packaging Exceptions (49 CFR 173.xxx) : 155

DOT Packaging Non Bulk (49 CFR 173.xxx) : 213

DOT Packaging Bulk (49 CFR 173.xxx) : 240

DOT Quantity Limitations Passenger aircraft/rail
(49 CFR 173.27)

: No limit

DOT Quantity Limitations Cargo aircraft only (49
CFR 175.75)

: No limit

DOT Vessel Stowage Location : A – The material may be stowed ‘‘on deck’’ or ‘‘under deck’’ on a cargo vessel and on a
passenger vessel.

Additional information

Other information : No supplementary information available.

ADR

No additional information available

Transport by sea

UN-No. (IMDG) : 3077

Proper Shipping Name (IMDG) : ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE, SOLID, N.O.S.

Class (IMDG) : 9 – Miscellaneous dangerous compounds

Packing group (IMDG) : III – substances presenting low danger

Lead
Safety Data Sheet
according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

EN (English US) 9/10

Air transport

UN-No.(IATA) : 3077

Proper Shipping Name (IATA) : Environmentally hazardous substance, solid, n.o.s.

Class (IATA) : 9 – Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods

Packing group (IATA) : III – Minor Danger

SECTION 15: Regulatory information

15.1. US Federal regulations

Lead (7439-92-1)

Listed on the United States TSCA (Toxic Substances Control Act) inventory
Listed on United States SARA Section 313
Not listed on the United States SARA Section 313

RQ (Reportable quantity, section 304 of EPA’s List of Lists) 10 lb

15.2. International regulations

CANADA
No additional information available

EU-Regulations
No additional information available

Classification according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008 [CLP]
Repr. 1A H360Df
Acute Tox. 4 (Inhalation) H332
Acute Tox. 4 (Oral) H302
STOT RE 2 H373
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Full text of H-phrases: see section 16

Classification according to Directive 67/548/EEC [DSD] or 1999/45/EC [DPD]

Repr.Cat.1; R61
Repr.Cat.3; R62
Xn; R20/22
R33
N; R50/53

Full text of R-phrases: see section 16

15.2.2. National regulations

Lead (7439-92-1)

Listed on IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer)
Listed as carcinogen on NTP (National Toxicology Program)

\

15.3. US State regulations
No additional information available

SECTION 16: Other information

Revision date : 12/15/2014

Lead
Safety Data Sheet
according to Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations

EN (English US) 10/10

Full text of H-phrases:

—— Acute Tox. 4 (Inhalation) Acute toxicity (inhalation) Category 4

—— Acute Tox. 4 (Oral) Acute toxicity (oral) Category 4

—— Aquatic Acute 1 Hazardous to the aquatic environment – Acute Hazard Category 1

—— Aquatic Chronic 1 Hazardous to the aquatic environment – Chronic Hazard Category 1

—— Carc. 1B Carcinogenicity Category 1B

—— Repr. 1A Reproductive toxicity Category 1A

—— STOT RE 2 Specific target organ toxicity (repeated exposure) Category 2

—— H302 Harmful if swallowed

—— H332 Harmful if inhaled

—— H350 May cause cancer

—— H360 May damage fertility or the unborn child

—— H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated
exposure

—— H400 Very toxic to aquatic life

—— H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects

NFPA health hazard : 2 – Intense or continued exposure could cause temporary
incapacitation or possible residual injury unless prompt
medical attention is given.

NFPA fire hazard : 0 – Materials that will not burn.

NFPA reactivity : 0 – Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions,
and are not reactive with water.

HMIS III Rating

Health : * Chronic Hazard – Chronic (long-term) health effects may result from repeated overexposure

Flammability : 0 Minimal Hazard

Physical : 0 Minimal Hazard

Personal Protection : B

SDS US (GHS HazCom 2012)

This information is based on our current knowledge and is intended to describe the product for the purposes of health, safety and environmental requiremen ts only. It should not therefore be construed as
guaranteeing any specific property of the product

IE 327

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