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Outline 2021–2022

Module title

Module code

Tourism, Planning and Development

Module brief

This module equips students with the core knowledge, basic skills, and methods necessary to plan and develop sustainable tourism destinations. It adopts a multidisciplinary approach, including development, human geography, political sciences and sociology, ecology and environmental management, to critically assess, within a strategic management perspective, the process and practices embedded in a range of approaches to tourism planning and development in a variety of locations in both the UK and internationally.

Staff and contact details

Virtual tutorials will be available throughout the teaching period.

Timetabled sessions

Please refer to your online timetable available through My Studies for the up-to-date information.

Important dates

Summative Assessment

Assessment 1 Individual 3,500-word report focusing on historical approaches, current challenges and future scenarios of tourism development and planning at a destination of student’s own choice (LOs 1-4) d

Feedback on the assessments will normally be available within 20 working days of the submission deadline date. Students will be able to access feedback for their submission electronically, via My Studies
. In case students happen to have further follow up questions about their feedback, they are welcome to email the module leader and request a tutorial on Teams. Please note that the feedback timescale is a guideline timescale and that due to marking and teaching volumes, this may not always be possible. Students will be updated on the progress of the marking in the unlikely case the marking period needs to exceed the usual 20 working days.

Please note that all assessments operate under the University’s General Examination and Assessment Regulations (GEAR) that are available on MyStudies. All written assignments must be submitted electronically via Turnitin available on
MyStudies
and additional information will be available in due course on the My Studies
web page of this module. Each study area also contains a link to student support information on submitting using Turnitin.

All grades provided with feedback are subject to ratification by the examination board and are only provisional until confirmed following an Area Examination Board. All assessments operate under the University’s General Examination and Assessment Regulations (GEAR) available on MyStudies.

Formative Assessment

An individually prepared presentation of the approach to write the report with verbal feedback after each student’s presentation on the 25th of November (see module roadmap below) the with verbal feedback received after each student’s presentation. All students are expected to attend.

Aims and Learning Outcomes

This module aims to:

· Develop a detailed understanding of tourism planning approaches, related concepts, processes, and management tools

· Evaluate the application of a range of tourism planning approaches at destination, community, regional and/or national level.

· Critically analyze the contribution of different tourism planning approaches to sustainable development.

On successful completion of the module the student will be able to:

1. Demonstrate a detailed and critical understanding of the complex relationship between development theory, tourism planning approaches and process, management practices and community participation;

2. Discuss the planning requirements and sensitivities in different geographical and destination contexts;

3. Critically analyze the role of various levels of government and international organizations in tourism planning and policy making;

4. Demonstrate an ability to critically evaluate the development, as well as sustainability, of different tourism planning approaches within a selected destination context;

Assessment details

1. Formative assessment (0% of the module mark)

An individually prepared presentation of the approach to write the report with verbal feedback after each student’s presentation on the 25th of November (see module roadmap below) the with verbal feedback received after each student’s presentation. All students are expected to attend.

2. Summative assessment (100% of the module mark) Task 1 (Weighting 100%)

An Individual 3,500-word report focusing on historical approaches, current challenges and future scenarios of tourism development and planning at a destination of student’s own choice (LOs 1-4)

1) provides background information about a destination of your own choice and historical approaches to tourism development and planning at that destination

2) explores the current tourism (and any relevant wider inter-related) development and planning at that destination with a particular focus on any challenges which the destination might be facing

3) proposes a preliminary draft for a future tourism development plan for that destination

This report should focus on a case study of destination of your own choice. The report should be underpinned by references to a wide range of secondary sources ranging from academic and sector specific to those specifically related to the chosen case study. Further guidance will be provided in class (see module roadmap).

This report task, similarly to the module and its Learning Outcomes to which it is aligned, is designed to contribute towards developing in-depth academic knowledge and understanding of tourism planning and development while simultaneously supporting students’ ability to apply this knowledge in practice and in so doing contributing in the longer term to the knowledge and understanding students will be in position to rely in their careers.

Remember that this is a report not an essay. Therefore, it should not be written in continuous prose but should have relevant subheadings. All references should be in the Harvard style of referencing and the report should include the following:

· Title Page (to include the title of your report, student number, and total word count of the main body of the report)

· Executive Summary

· List of Contents

· List of Tables and Figures (where appropriate)

· Relevant headings and subheadings in the main body of the report (e.g. 1. Introduction; 2. Historical Approaches to Tourism Development and Planning at Destination (please replace word destination with the name of your destination here); 3. Current Tourism Development and Planning at Destination (please replace word destination with the name of your destination here); 4. Proposed Future Tourism Development Plan for Destination (please replace word destination with the name of your destination here); 5. Conclusion

· Reference list

· Appendices

Excellent Reports will:

· address all the aspects of the assignment

· demonstrate a systematic approach in management of the information supported by a logical progression of ideas

· be clearly underpinned with both appropriate theory and chosen case study specific examples

· rely on a wide range of both theoretical and case study specific secondary sources, all of which will be professionally cited with the appropriate referencing style

· combine critical appraisal with practical information

· be presented to a very high, professional standard

Feedback

Written feedback will be provided through My Studies within the 20 working days of the deadline, as mentioned above. In the event that any of the dates and/or deadlines have to be changed/extended due to unforeseen events, such as staff illness or severe weather conditions, details will be posted in the Announcements section on My Studies and students will be kept fully informed.

Academic misconduct information

Academic misconduct, including plagiarism, is treated very seriously at the University of Brighton and you must ensure that your work is all your own and that you understand what plagiarism is and how to avoid it and that you accurately reference all work. See your course handbook for more details about academic misconduct and how to avoid it.

Late submission

Late submission, but within 2 weeks of the deadline above, will be accepted but will be automatically capped at 40%

Submit an electronic copy of your completed report to ‘Turnitin’ on My Studies

All assessments operate under the University’s General Examination and Assessment Regulations (GEAR) available on Studentcentral

Specific assessment criteria

Background information about the destination and historical approaches to tourism development and planning at that destination

25%

Exploration of the current tourism (and any relevant wider inter-related) development and planning at that destination with a particular focus on any challenges which the destination might be facing

25%

Preliminary draft for a future tourism development plan for that destination

25%

Presentation, flow of discussions and structure

10%

Quality of referencing style, range and relevance of secondary sources

15%

Please note that these are aligned to and applied in conjunction with the University of …UG grading descriptors, which are available on My Studies.

Moderation process

All summative assessment is subject to the application of appropriate internal moderation procedures (refer to relevant GEAR Section). Moderation is an overarching term to describe the processes that take place after initial marking to provide an element of independent scrutiny on the judgement of the first marker and ensure the fairness, reliability and consistency of marking against the marking criteria. Internal moderation is carried out by the School and is followed by external moderation by the external examiner.

Different internal moderation methods apply based on the module assessment. For this module the following method will apply:

Coursework:, report: 10% of assessments or the square root (whichever is greater and must be a minimum of 6) of the coursework sample will be reviewed by a moderator. The coursework selected for moderation will be from across the full range of marks including: first/distinction, marginal fails and borderline cases. Following second marking, the first marker and moderator/reviewer will liaise regarding their judgements on the marks/grades awarded and confirm the final mark/grade which should be provided to the student following moderation. If the moderation presents inconsistencies in the marking the whole module may be remarked or the whole set of assessments may be adjusted.

Teaching, learning and feedback activities

Teaching and Learning

Scheduled interactive synchronous online lectures and student-led activities are held throughout the module. Individual virtual tutorials with module leader will also be available.

Online learning

My Studies/ studentcentral is used to provide access to electronic resources and directed learning exercises, and other materials provided by staff throughout the semester.

Assessments are handed in electronically via TurnitIn; written feedback is also provided electronically.

TED and BOB host some of the video clips used in class to compose and inform case study based tasks.

The online library provides reading materials (i.e. journal articles, e-books etc) used in class to frame lectures and discussions.

Formative assessment

An individually prepared presentation of the approach to write the report with verbal feedback after each student’s presentation om the 25th of November (see also module roadmap below) with verbal feedback received after each student’s presentation. All students are expected to attend.

Studentcentral and communication

Lecture/workshop ppt slides or study materials for each session will be posted in the module area on My Studies/studentcentral either before the session or at the latest 2 days after the session.

Students will only be communicated with through My Studies or University email. Please ensure you check your email on a daily basis.

Virtual tutorials on Microsoft Teams will be available throughout the teaching period.

Support during the module

Questions regarding a particular topic covered during the module

The tutor who taught that topic (please see roadmap below)

Questions regarding technical help with the submission process:

The school office
SBL-office@brighton.ac.uk

Extensions request approval:

Your course leader – Dr Nigel Jarvis

Any questions about the module schedule / assessment briefs:

Module leader – Dr Tijana Rakić

Wider study support

See http://blogs.brighton.ac.uk/bbsstudentblog/category/studysupport/

Business School Student Support and Guidance Tutor
(please note that your SSGT can also advise you on mitigating circumstances)

Stuart Bullen – ssgtbbs@brighton.ac.uk

https://www.brighton.ac.uk/brighton-students/your-student-life/my-wellbeing/student-support-and-guidance-tutors/index.aspx

Module Roadmap: week-by-week content outline

This weekly breakdown of module content is indicative only, and may change throughout the semester. Keep an eye on My Studies and your University email for any updates.

Date

Tutor

Content of Session

Non-Contact tasks

07 Oct, online remote timetabled session

Introduction to the module and key concepts in (sustainable) tourism planning and development

Follow-up reading:
· Edgell et al. (2011) (Ch 1 + any other chapter)
· Sharpley and Telfer (2014) (Introduction + any other chapter)

Workshop case study: Crete, Greece, and
Assessment workshop 1

14 Oct, online remote timetabled session

Key trends and their impact on tourism development: the case of disruptive technologies, the COVID-19 pandemic and the sharing economy

Preparatory reading:
· Guttentag (2015)
Follow-up reading:
· Dolnicar and Zare (2020)
· Chen et al (2021)
· Grisdale (2019)
· Gurran and Phibbs (2017)

Workshop case study: Airbnb

21 Oct, online remote timetabled session

Approaches to tourism planning

Follow-up reading:
· Mopeth and Yan (2015) (Chapters 1 and 2)
· Milano et al (2019)

Workshop case study: Lake Macquarie, Australia

28 Oct, online remote timetabled session

Role of local, national and international organisations in tourism planning and development and the importance of tourism masterplans

Follow-up reading:
· Anastasiadou (2011)
· Beaumont and Dredge (2010)

Masterplans and
Assessment workshop / Q & A

4 Nov, online remote timetabled session

Strategic tourism planning process, steps and policymaking in the UK

Follow-up reading:
· Coles et al (2014)
· Kennell and Chaperon (2013)

Workshop case study: Tourism and Events in Scotland

18 Nov, online remote timetabled session

Stakeholders in the tourism planning and development process

Follow-up reading:
· Getz and Timur (2005)
· Heitmann (2010)
· Dangi and Jamal (2016)

Workshop: community participation in (sustainable) tourism development

25 Nov, online remote timetabled session

Dr Tijana Rakić

Formative Assessment: Presentations and Feedback

Formative Assessment: Presentations and Feedback

2 Dec, online remote timetabled session

Dr Tijana Rakić

Tourism in the Anthropocene: tourism vulnerability, fragility and climate change

Follow-up reading:
· Gren and Huijbens (2014)
· Moore (2015)
· Cheer et al (2019)

Workshop: UNWTO emerging economies case studies

9 Dec, online remote timetabled session

Dr Tijana Rakić

From carrying capacity and overtourism to tourism during the period of reduced global mobilities of the COVID-19 pandemic

Preparatory watching:
OTS Webinar Series: From overtourism to COVID-19 immobile world (April, 2020, available in this week’s folder on My Studies)

Follow-up reading:
Milano et al (2018)
Wall (2020)

Workshop: tourism (re)development during and after the COVID-19 pandemic

16 Dec, online remote timetabled session

Dr Tijana Rakić

Creating places and tourist spaces through tourism development

Follow-up reading:
Lew (2017)
Panayiotopoulos and Pisano (2019)

Workshop: Dubrovnik, Croatia

13 Jan, online remote timetabled session

Dr Tijana Rakić

Module summary and re-cap

Assessment workshop 2

Report due: by 10AM on the 20th of January 2022

Recommended reading and study support

Anastasiadou, C. (2011) Promoting sustainability from above: Reflections on the influence of the European Union on tourism governance. Policy Journal Quarterly. 7(4) 27-33.

Agarwal, S. J. and Shaw, G. (2007). Managing Coastal Resorts: a Global Perspective. Clevedon: Channel View Publications.

Beaumont, N., & Dredge, D. (2010). Local tourism governance: a comparison of three network approaches.

Journal of Sustainable Tourism

, 18(1), 7-28.

Bramwell, B. and Lane, B. (Ed.) (2013). Tourism Governance: Critical Perspectives on Governance and Sustainability. London: Routledge.

Coles, T et al (2014) Tourism and the public sector in England since 2010: a disorderly transition?, Current Issues in Tourism, 17(3), 247-279

Chen, G. et al (2021) COVID-19 Pandemic exposes the vulnerability of the sharing economy. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2020.1868484

Cheer, J., Milano, C. and Novelli, M. (2019) Tourism and community resilience in the Anthropocene: accentuating temporal overtourism, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27(4), 554-572.

Dangi, T. B. and Jamal, T. (2016) An Integrated Approach to “Sustainable Community-Based Tourism” Sustainability, 1-32.

Dolnicar, S. and Zare, S. (2020) COVID19 and Airbnb – disrupting the disruptor,

Annals of Tourism Research

. 83, 102961.

Dredge, D. and Jenkins, J. (2011) Stories of Practice: Tourism Policy and Planning, Farnham: Ashgate

Dredge, D. & Jenkins, J. (2007) Tourism Planning and Policy, Milton: Wiley.

Dodds, R. and Butler, R. W. (2019) Overtourism: issues, realities and solutions. Berlin/Boston: De Gruyter.

Edgell, David L., Sr., et al. (2018) Tourism Policy and Planning: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. (3rd Ed.) London: Routledge.

Evans, G. (2019) Mega-Events: Placemaking, Regeneration and City-Regional Development. London: Routledge.

Fletcher, R., Murray Mas, I., Blanco-Romero, A., & Blázquez-Salom, M. (2019). Tourism and degrowth: an emerging agenda for research and praxis. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 27(12), 1745-1763.

Getz, D. (1986) Models in Tourism Planning: towards integration of theory and practice.

Tourism Management

, 7(1) pp.21-32.

Getz, D., & Timur, S. (2005). Stakeholder involvement in sustainable tourism: balancing the voices. In W. Theobald (Ed.), Global Tourism. Oxford: Elsevier/Butterworth Heinemann.

Gren, M. & Huijbens, E. H. (2014) Tourism and the Anthropocene, Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 14 (1), pp. 6-22.

Gren, M. & Huijbens, E. H. (Eds.) (2015) Tourism and the Anthropocene. London: Routledge.

Grisdale, S. (2019) Displacement by disruption: short-term rentals and the political economy of “belonging anywhere” in Toronto, Urban Geography, DOI: 

10.1080/02723638.2019.1642714

Gunn, C. (2002) Tourism Planning, (4th Ed). London: Routledge.

Gutiérrez, J., García-Palomares, J. C., Romanillos, G., & Salas-Olmedo, M. H. (2017). The eruption of

Airbnb in tourist cities: Comparing spatial patterns of hotels and peer-to-peer accommodation in Barcelona. Tourism Management (62), 278-291.

Guttentag, D. (2015). Airbnb: disruptive innovation and the rise of an informal tourism accommodation sector. Current Issues in Tourism, 18(12), 1192–1217.

Gurran, N., & Phibbs, P. (2017). When Tourists Move In: How Should Urban Planners Respond to Airbnb? Journal of the American Planning Association, 83(1), 80-92.

Hall, C. M. et al (2016) Climate change and cultural heritage: conservation and heritage tourism in the Anthropocene. Journal of Heritage Tourism. 11 (1), pp.10-24.

Heitmann, S. (2010). Film

Tourism Planning and Development

—Questioning the Role of Stakeholders and Sustainability. Tourism and Hospitality Planning and Development, 7(1), 31-46.

Holden, A. (2016) Environment and Tourism (3rd Ed.). Abingdon: Routledge.

Kennell, J., & S., C. (2013). Analysis of the UK Government’s 2011 tourism policy. Cultural Trends, 22(3-4), 278-284.

Lew, A. A. (2017). Tourism planning and place making: place-making or placemaking? Tourism Geographies, 19(3), 448-466.

Li, W.J. (2005). Community decision making: participation in development. Annals of Tourism Research, 33 (1), 132-143.

Milano, C., Cheer, J. M. and Novelli, M. (Eds.) (2019) Overtourism: Excesses, Discontents and Measures in Travel and Tourism. Wallinford: CABI.

Milano, C., Cheer, J. M. and Novelli, M. (2018) Overtourism: a growing global phenomenon. The Conversation.

Moore, A. (2015). Islands of Difference: Design, Urbanism and Sustainable Tourism in the Anthropocene. The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology, 513-532.

Morpeth, N. D. and Yan, H. (Eds.) (2015) Planning for Tourism: towards a sustainable future. Wallingford: CABI.

Mowforth, M. and Munt, I. (2016) Tourism and sustainability: development, globalisation and new tourism in the Third World. Abingdon: Routledge.

Panayiotopoulos, A., & Pisano, C. (2019). Overtourism Dystopias and Socialist Utopias: Towards an Urban Armature for Dubrovnik. Tourism Planning and Development, 16(4), 393-410.

Pechlaner, H. and Tschurtschenthaler, P. (2003) Tourism Policy, Tourism Organisations and Change Management in Alpine Regions and Destinations: A European Perspective, 6 (6): 508-539.

Potter, R. B. Binns, T. Elliott, J. A. and Smith D. W. (2019). Geographies of development: an introduction to development studies. (4th Ed.)Harlow: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Richards G. and Palmer, R. (2010) Eventful Cities. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Ruhanen, L. (2009) Stakeholder participation in tourism destination planning: another case of missing the point? Tourism Recreation Research, 34(3), 283-294.

Sebele, L.S. (2010). Community-based tourism ventures, benefits and challenges: Khama Rhino Sanctuary Trust, Central District, Botswana. Tourism Management, 31(1), 136-146.

Smith, A. (2012) Events and Urban Regeneration: the strategic use of events to revitalise cities. London: Routledge.

Sharpley, R. and Telfer, D.J. (Eds) (2014) Tourism and Development: Concepts and Issues.(2nd Ed), Bristol: Channel View Publications.

Telfer, D.J., and Sharpley, R. (2016) Tourism and development in the developing world (2nd Ed), London: Routledge.

Travis, A.S. (2011) Planning for tourism, leisure and sustainability: international case studies. Cambridge, Mass: CAB International.

Wall, G.

 (2020), “From carrying capacity to overtourism: a perspective article”, 

Tourism Review

, DOI: 

https://doi.org/10.1108/TR-08-2019-0356

Journals

Annals of Tourism Research
Tourism Management
Tourism Planning and Development

Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change

Journal of Sustainable Tourism

Journal of Travel Research

Page 2 of 10

MODEL REPORT STRUCTURE: TT523

(please note that this model structure is to be used for guidance purposes only, i.e. please feel free to include your own wording for your headings and subheadings)

Title Page

· 1 page, including the title of your report (for example: Tourism Development and Planning in Cardiff or similar), student number, date of submission and total word count of the main body of the report.

Executive Summary

· Usually no longer than 1 page (summarising the content of the whole report and its three main parts)

List of Contents

· List of contents listing the headings and subheading contained in the report with page numbers

List of Tables and Figures (where appropriate)

· Included in those reports which include Tables and Figures in the main body of the report

1. Introduction

2. Historical Approaches to Tourism Development and Planning at Destination
(please replace word ‘Destination’ with the name of your destination, e.g. Cardiff)

· This part of the report provides background information about your chosen destination and an overview of the historical approaches to tourism development and planning at that destination

3. Current Tourism Development and Planning at Destination
(please replace word ‘Destination’ with the name of your destination, e.g. Cardiff)

· This part of the report provides an exploration of the current tourism (and any other wider inter-related) development and planning at that destination with a particular focus on any challenges that the destination might be facing

4. Proposed Future Tourism Development Plan for Destination
(please replace word ‘Destination’ with the name of your destination, e.g. Cardiff)

· This part of the report proposes a preliminary draft for a future tourism development plan for your destination.

5. Conclusions

Reference list

Appendices

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