REL- discussion 2

 Choose one of the following questions, and post 3-4 lines of a response to the Discovery Board by no later than Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT.Discovery Options

  1. In the entire Gospel according to Mark, who acknowledges the identity of Jesus(as Son of God) and who does not? What is the significance of this?
  2. What does discipleship entail according to Mark Ch. 8, 9, and 10?

If you are posting your initial response, click the “Start a new thread” button. If you are responding, click the “Reply to Thread” button for the thread you wish to respond to.

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Grading Rubric for ALL Discussions

  • Accurate use of English including careful documentation (including ability to paraphrase and use quotations).  5 pts 
  • Accurate and complete reflection of material read for assignment.  5 pts 

1

Saint Leo University

REL 110RS
The Emergence of Christianity: Examination of Foundational Christian Texts

Course Description:
The New Testament record of the development of Christianity from a sect within Judaism to becoming a
world religion. This course will examine the foundational texts of Christian Scripture with attention to
historical context, the intentions of the authors and the way the texts were edited.

Prerequisite:
None

Textbooks:

The Catholic Study Bible Third Edition, Edited by Donald Senior, et. al.(Oxford University

Press, 2016).

Imperato, Robert. Portraits of Jesus. Revised edition. Lanham: Hamilton Books, 2018.

ISBN: 978-0-7618-6985-6

Learning Outcomes:
Students will be able to

1. Describe historical and editorial development of early Christianity as reflected in the New
Testament assessed in first test and in papers.

2. Articulate the relationships between religious or philosophical traditions and their cultural,
historical, and/or political context(s) by exploring how the historical and cultural settings of the New
Testament, including geography of Israel, groups of Jews, and the concerns of early Jewish
groups influence the writing of the New Testament texts through first test and paper 1. RS2

3. Describe the formation of the New Testament writings through discussion questions, first test.
4. Identify the literary and theological characteristics of each gospel and of the Pauline letters through

first test, final exam, discussion questions.
5. Analyze N.T. texts using contemporary interpretive approaches through discussion questions,

papers, and test.
6. Analyze beliefs, practices, values, texts and/or figures of different traditions

(religious/philosophical/ethical) through integration of scholarly biblical reference materials to
research meanings of biblical themes, and passages through papers. RS1

7. Explain and contrast understandings of different portraits of Jesus and the meaning of Christian
discipleship through first test final exam and discussion questions.

8. Communicate effectively for a determined purpose while engaging in a critical reading of the New
Testament which involves discovery of values, contexts, styles, assumptions and intentions. By
leading the students beyond naïve reading to critical reading will exemplify the core value of
excellence papers, first test, final exam, discussion questions. CC2

Saint Leo Core Values

Core Value:
Excellence: Saint Leo University is an educational enterprise. All of us, individually and collectively, work
hard to ensure that our students develop the character, learn the skills, and assimilate the knowledge
essential to become morally responsible leaders. The success of our University depends upon a
conscientious commitment to our mission, vision, and goals.

2

Evaluation:

Assignment % of Final Grade
First Exam 15
Paper 1 20
Paper 2 20
Paper 3 20
Final Exam 15
Discovery Questions (8) 10
Total 100%

Grading Scale:

A 94-100
A- 90-93
B+ 87-89
B 84-86
B- 80-83
C+ 77-79
C 74-76
C- 70-73
D+ 67-69
D 60-66
F 0-59

Exams
There are a total of two exams in this course:

First Exam

This exam will occur during Module 3 and consists of eight short answer/brief essay questions covering
the material from Modules 1-3. You will have one hour to complete this exam and must complete it by no
later than Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT of Module 3.

Final Exam

This exam will occur during Module 8 and consists of four brief essay questions covering the material
from Modules 4-8. You will have 45 minutes to complete this exam and must complete it by no later than
Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT of Module 8.

(UE Key Assignment) Paper 1
Choose just one of the themes from the list below. Note developments of that theme in the Old
Testament to the New Testament (N.T.), and show how N.T. writers reinterpreted it. Discuss similarities,
differences, and changes to the meaning. You must provide a separate outline to your paper. Use only
the following resource that’s available as an eBook: Balentine, Samuel E. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the
Bible and Theology. Oxford University Press : 2014 (The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Theology.)
Sometimes links to ebooks break. If the link does not work, then go to the Saint Leo library electronically
and look up the book. Be sure to distinguish between paraphrase and direct quotes. Type a 350-750 word
paper using MLA formatting. Submit Paper 1 to Chalk and Wire no later than Sunday 11:59 EST/EDT of
Module 2. The Paper 1 Chalk & Wire link is located in the Module 2 folder. Students who do not submit
the assignment to Chalk & Wire will receive a zero. This is a key assignment assessment; the results are
used to ensure students are meeting University Exploration program goals. Video and PDF instructions
can be found on the course home page. PDF instructions are also located in the Start Here folder.

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/oxford-encyclopedia-of-the-bible-and-theology/oclc/911403106%26referer%3Dbrief_results

3

Themes

Justice Love Jerusalem
Wealth and poverty Christ Son of God
Lord Priest Servant of God
Son of Man Shepherd Mercy and Compassion
Kingdom of God Resurrection Peace
Faith Obedience Redemption

Law Death Sin Repentance

Grading Rubric for Paper 1

REL 110RS Paper 1 UE SLO Rubric

Name Date

Performance Levels

SLOs Criteria No Evidence 0 Partial Evidence 20 Solid Evidence 40

CC2 Communicate effectively for a
determined purpose

Failure to distinguish

paraphrase or quotation,

poor paragraph

construction

Occasional English

grammar and

documentation errors

and/or failure to submit an

outline

Accurate usage of English

including careful

documentation (including

ability to paraphrase and

use quotations) and good

organization

RS1 Analyze theme by addressing
developments from Old

Testament to New Testament,

showing how old N.T. writers

reinterpreted it

Neither primary nor

recommended secondary

source used

Sparse use of

recommended secondary

sources and Bible

Neither primary or

recommended secondary

sources used

RS2 Compare and Contrast religious,
philosophical, cultural, historical

or political influences to the

change in meaning

Many unsubstantiated and

inaccurate statements and

incomplete reflection of

material read for

assignment

One or two

unsubstantiated and/ or

inaccurate statements

and/or incomplete

reflection of material read

for assignment

Accurate and complete

reflection of material read
for assignment

Comments:

Score

4

Paper 2
Choose just one of the two options below to complete this assignment.

Option A

Identify any historical purpose(s) behind the writing of Mark’s and Matthew’s Gospels. Include a
reference to any historical factor mentioned in the recommended sources that may have triggered the
writing of both Matthew’s and Mark’s Gospels as well as references to statements within both of the
Gospels themselves. Class lesson material can be used in addition to the recommended
sources. Include at least one historical factor and at least one reference to each Gospel studied. A
historical factor is one a historian would recognize whether the historian has religious faith or not.
Restrict your resources to those below as well as any information within the course modules.
Sometimes links to ebooks break. If the link does not work, then go to the Saint Leo library
electronically and look up the book. Be sure to distinguish between paraphrase and direct quotes.
Type a 350-750 word paper using MLA formatting. Submit the completed assignment to the
appropriate Dropbox by no later than Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT of Module 5.

Resources relative to Mark’s Gospel:
See chapter 5 of the ebook via SLU library:
Incigneri, Brian J. The Gospel To The Romans : The Setting And Rhetoric Of Mark’s Gospel. Leiden:
Brill, 2003. (http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/gospel-to-the-romans-the-setting-and-rhetoric-of-marks-
gospel/oclc/191953236&referer=brief_results)

See also the ebook via SLU library: Stanton, Graham The Gospels of Jesus . Oxford U. Press 2nd
ed., 2002. pp. 48-57 (http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/gospels-and-
jesus/oclc/809041662&referer=brief_results)

Other references that may help:

eBook available via SLU library: Barton, John and John Muddiman The Gospels Oxford U. Pr.,2010,
Ch. 4.

Resources relative to Matthew’s Gospel: Course material (the Bible, textbook, any books listed on
the course syllabus) plus:

eBook available via SLU library:Sim, David. The Gospel of Matthew and Christian Judaism :
the history and social setting of the Matthean community(The Gospel of Matthew and
Christian Judaism ) Edinburgh : T & T Clark, 1998, p. 113 and following.

eBook available via SLU library: Stanton, Graham The Gospels of Jesus . Oxford U. Press 2nd ed.,
2002, pp.74-78.

eBook available via SLU library: Martin, Dale. New Testament History and Literature ( New
Testament History and Literature) New Haven : Yale University Press, 2012, pp. 93-107.
eBook available via SLU library: Barton and Muddiman The Gospels Oxford U. Pr.,2010, Ch. 3.

Option B

Explain how and why Matthew may have edited Mark’s Gospel. Use the following two sets of
passages to support your claim.

According to course materials (Bible, textbook, digital materials linked below, etc.):

1. How and why would Matthew have edited Mark 6:45-52 contrasted with Matthew 14:25-27,32-33?
2. How and why would Matthew have edited Mark 9:2-10 contrasted with Matthew 17:1-13?

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/gospel-to-the-romans-the-setting-and-rhetoric-of-marks-gospel/oclc/191953236&referer=brief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/gospel-to-the-romans-the-setting-and-rhetoric-of-marks-gospel/oclc/191953236&referer=brief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/gospels-and-jesus/oclc/809041662&referer=brief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/gospels-and-jesus/oclc/809041662&referer=brief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/gospel-of-matthew-and-christian-judaism-the-history-and-social-setting-of-the-matthean-community/oclc/741691545%26referer%3Dbrief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/gospel-of-matthew-and-christian-judaism-the-history-and-social-setting-of-the-matthean-community/oclc/741691545%26referer%3Dbrief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/new-testament-history-and-literature/oclc/839386981%26referer%3Dbrief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/new-testament-history-and-literature/oclc/839386981%26referer%3Dbrief_results

5

Be sure to distinguish between paraphrase and direct quotes. Type a 350-750 word paper using MLA
formatting. Submit the completed assignment to the appropriate Dropbox by no later than Sunday
11:59 PM EST/EDT of Module 5.

Resources:

eBook available via SLU library: : Martin, Dale. New Testament History and Literature ( New
Testament History and Literature) New Haven : Yale University Press, 2012, pp. 106-108.
eBook available via SLU library: Barton, John and John Muddiman The Gospels Oxford U. Pr., 2010,
p.56.

Paper 3
Choose just one of the two options below to complete this assignment.

Option A

Identify any historical purpose(s) behind the writing of Luke’s Gospel, Acts of the Apostles, and
John’s Gospel. Include a reference to any historical factor mentioned in the recommended sources
that may have triggered the writing of Luke’s Gospel, Acts of the Apostles, and John’s Gospels as
well as references to statements within those three. Class lesson material can be used in addition
to the recommended sources. Include at least one historical factor and at least one reference to
each Gospel studied. A historical factor is one a historian would recognize whether the historian
has religious faith or not. Restrict your resources to those below as well as any information within
the course modules. Sometimes links to ebooks break. If the link does not work, then go to the
Saint Leo library electronically and look up the book. Be sure to distinguish between paraphrase
and direct quotes. Type a 350-750 word paper using MLA formatting. Submit the completed
assignment to the appropriate Dropbox by no later than Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT of Module
7.

Resources:

eBook available via SLU library: eBook available via SLU library: Stanton, Graham The Gospels of
Jesus . Oxford U. Press 2nd ed., 2002, (The Gospels of Jesus ), pp.116-118.

See also Won-Ha Hwang & J G van der Watt. “The Identity of the Recipients of the Fourth Gospel in

the Light of the Purpose of the Gospel.” HTS : Theological Studies, v63 n2 (Jun 2007): 683-698.

(http://www.usccb.org/bible/scripture.cfm?bk=John&ch=

And ( http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/the-identity-of-the-recipients-of-the-fourth-gospel-in-the-light-of-

the-purpse-of-the-gospel/oclc/5878507889&referer=brief_results)

eBook available via SLU library: : Balentine, Samuel E. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible
and Theology. Oxford University Press : 2014 (The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and
Theology. ), Chapter “Luke-Acts.”

eBook available via SLU library: Carroll, John and Jennifer Cox.Luke: a Commentary Westminster

John Knox Press, 2012 ( Luke: A Commentary ), pp. 398-404.

Option B

Explain how and why Luke may have edited Mark’s Gospel. Use the following two sets of passages
to support your claim.

According to course materials (Bible, textbook, digital materials linked below, etc.):

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/new-testament-history-and-literature/oclc/839386981%26referer%3Dbrief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/new-testament-history-and-literature/oclc/839386981%26referer%3Dbrief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/gospels-and-jesus/oclc/809041662%26referer%3Dbrief_results

http://www.usccb.org/bible/scripture.cfm?bk=John&ch

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/the-identity-of-the-recipients-of-the-fourth-gospel-in-the-light-of-the-purpse-of-the-gospel/oclc/5878507889&referer=brief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/the-identity-of-the-recipients-of-the-fourth-gospel-in-the-light-of-the-purpse-of-the-gospel/oclc/5878507889&referer=brief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/oxford-encyclopedia-of-the-bible-and-theology/oclc/911403106%26referer%3Dbrief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/oxford-encyclopedia-of-the-bible-and-theology/oclc/911403106%26referer%3Dbrief_results

http://saintleo.worldcat.org/title/luke-a-commentary/oclc/893674947%26referer%3Dbrief_results

6

1. How and why would Luke have edited Mark 14:3-9 contrasted with Luke 7:36-50?
2. How and why would Luke have edited Mark 3:31-35 contrasted with Luke 8:19-21?

Be sure to distinguish between paraphrase and direct quotes. Type a 350-750 word paper using MLA
formatting. Submit the completed assignment to the appropriate Dropbox by no later than Sunday
11:59 PM EST/EDT of Module 8.

Resources:

eBook available via SLU library: Barton, John and John Muddiman The Gospels. Oxford U. Pr.,2010
(2010), p.257.

Grading Rubric for ALL “Other” Papers

Grading

CRITERION #1: Accurate usage of English including careful documentation (including ability to
paraphrase and use quotations) and good organizational plan. 40 pts
One or two English grammar and documentation errors and/or failure to submit an outline. 35 points
Occasional English grammar and documentation errors. 30 points
Inconsistent English usage 25 points
Failure to distinguish paraphrase or quotation , poor paragraph construction 1 points

CRITERION #2 Adequate research including use of primary source. 20 points
No use of recommended secondary source(s). 10 points
Sparse use of recommended secondary sources and Bible. 7 points
Spare use of recommended secondary sources and no use of the Bible 5 points
Neither primary nor recommended secondary sources used. 0 points

CRITERION #3. Accurate and complete reflection of material read for assignment. 40 points
Occasional unsubstantiated and/or inaccurate statements and/or incomplete reflection of material
read for assignment. 30 points
One or two unsubstantiated and/or inaccurate statements and/or incomplete reflection of material
read for assignment. 20 points
Several unsubstantiated and inaccurate statements and incomplete reflection of material read for
assignment. 10 pts
Many unsubstantiated and inaccurate statements and incomplete reflection of material read for
assignment. 0 points

• Note: All assignments submitted to Dropbox are linked to Turnitin.

Discovery Board
Each module, you will have the opportunity for reflection of and inquiry into the materials presented. The
Discovery Board is based on reading, research, and individual interaction with the material. Not only will you
provide a supported answer, but you will agree, disagree or apply new insights to the topic, etc.

You will be given a choice between two discovery questions. Once you’ve selected an option, post your
well-reasoned and researched post to the Discovery Board by no later than Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT
of each module. Your instructor will then respond to your post, providing new insights and learning
moments for you with the material.

7

Course Schedule:

Module 1 Contexts of the New Testament

Objectives At the conclusion of this module, you should be able to:

▪ Discover the importance of context in biblical interpretation and formation.
▪ Apply historical perspective to the interpretation of New Testament texts.
▪ Recognize the significance of literary forms in interpreting the Bible.
▪ Explain how the historical and cultural settings of the New Testament,

geography of Israel, groups of Jews, and the concerns of early Jewish
groups influence the writing of the New Testament texts.

Readings • 1 Corinthians Ch. 7:29-31
• 1 Corinthians Ch. 14:33-35
• Ephesians Ch. 6:5-8

Assignments

Module 2 Mark’s Gospel

Objectives At the conclusion of this module, you should be able to:

▪ Describe historical (editorial) development of early Christianity as reflected in
Mark’s Gospel.

▪ Explain how the historical and cultural setting influenced the writing of Mark’s
Gospel.

▪ Identify the literary and theological characteristics of Mark’s Gospel.
▪ Explain the meaning of Christian discipleship and Mark’s portrait of Jesus.

Readings • The Gospel According to Mark
• Chapter One from Portraits of Jesus: A Reading Guide

Assignments

Items to be Completed: Due No Later Than:

Post a response to the Discovery Board Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT

Begin working on Paper 1 Module 2

Items to be Completed: Due No Later Than:
Post a response to the Discovery Board Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT
Submit Paper 1 Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT

8

Module 3 Matthew’s Gospel

Objectives At the conclusion of this module, you should be able to:

▪ Articulate how Matthew’s Gospel reflects competition with Jewish religion
recently bereft of the Temple.

▪ Articulate how Matthew alters the presentation of Mark’s Gospel in terms of
the portrayal of the disciples.

▪ Articulate how Matthew establishes church authority.
▪ Articulate how Matthew portrays Jesus.

Readings • The Gospel According to Matthew
• Chapter Two from Portraits of Jesus: A Reading Guide

Assignments

Module 4 Luke’s Gospel

Objectives At the conclusion of this module, you should be able to:

▪ Describe historical (editorial) development of early Christianity as reflected in
the Luke’s Gospel.

▪ Explain the portrait of Jesus given in Luke’s Gospel.
▪ Explain how the historical and cultural settings of Luke’s Gospel, including

geography, influence the writing of Luke’s Gospel and the Acts of the
Apostles.

▪ Describe the formation of Luke’s Acts as the author adapts his sources to
project Christianity as a world religion.

Readings • The Gospel According to Luke
• Chapter Three from Portraits of Jesus: A Reading Guide

Assignments

Items to be Completed: Due No Later Than:
Post a response to the Discovery Board Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT
Complete First Exam Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT
Begin working on Paper 2 Module 5

Items to be Completed: Due No Later Than:
Post a response to the Discovery Board Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT
Continue working on Paper 2 Module 5

9

Module 5 John’s Gospel

Objectives At the conclusion of this module, you should be able to:

▪ Articulate John’s portrait of Jesus.
▪ Analyze differences in the way John presents Jesus as distinguished from

the Synoptic gospels.
▪ Articulate what is expected of a disciple of Jesus.
▪ Apply a method of reading John’s Gospel.

Readings • The Gospel According to John
• Chapter Four from Portraits of Jesus: A Reading Guide

Assignments

Module 6 1 Thessalonians and 1 Corinthians

Objectives At the conclusion of this module, you should be able to:

▪ Articulate the meaning of apocalyptic literature.
▪ Articulate the main theme of 1 Corinthians (self-sacrifice for the sake of

others).

Readings • Paul’s First Letter to the Thessalonians (1 Thessalonians), Ch. 4
• Paul’s First Letter to the Corinthians (1 Corinthians)
• Chapter Five from Portraits of Jesus: A Reading Guide
• Format of Pauline Letters and Method of Reading

Assignments

Items to be Completed: Due No Later Than:
Post a response to the Discovery Board Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT
Submit Paper 2 Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT

Items to be Completed: Due No Later Than:
Post a response to the Discovery Board Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT
Begin working on Paper 3 Module 7

http://mediaweb.saintleo.edu/courses/REL110RS/REL110RS_Format

10

Module 7 Philippians and 2 Corinthians

Objectives At the conclusion of this module, you should be able to:

▪ Interpret and articulate the meaning of the self-emptying hymn in Philippians.
▪ Articulate the major change in Paul’s life where he broke with his past life as

a prominent Jewish persecutor of Christians.
▪ Articulate the characteristics of a true apostle from 2 Corinthians.

Readings • Paul’s Letter to the Philippians
• Paul’s Second Letter to the Corinthians (2 Corinthians)

Assignments

Module 8 Galatians and Romans

Objectives At the conclusion of this module, you should be able to:
▪ Articulate the basic challenge Paul offers to religious people.
▪ Articulate the meaning of freedom in Christ.
▪ Articulate the conundrum of the place of the Jews in God’s plan.

Readings • Paul’s Letter to the Galatians
• Paul’s Letter to the Romans

Assignments

Items to be Completed: Due No Later Than:
Post a response to the Discovery Board Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT
Submit Paper 3 Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT

Items to be Completed: Due No Later Than:
Post a response to the Discovery Board Thursday 11:59 PM EST/EDT

Complete Final Exam Sunday 11:59 PM EST/EDT

Tydus Coy

In the entire Gospel even Jesus’s closest followers could not acknowledge him. In Marks gospel he speaks of the passion and the good news that will come about. Mark Ch.15:39 says “When the centurion who stood facing him saw how he breathed his last he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.” The first person to recognize him as the son of god is a gentile, a non believer. This is significant because this was his word that after his sacrifice those who persecuted him will see him for how he truly is. 

Ramon Gonzalez

In this module i chose to discuss the topic of Jesus’s acknowledment and those who refused to believe in his identity. Although Mark was not one of his Disciples he is well recognized for being a strong and faithful follower. Eventually all of Jesus’ followers started to read and be aware of the stories that Mark was telling were true and mark was able to tell them that the miracles and words of wisdom that Jesus himself had taught through his early journey. At this point his followers and Disciples were believing that he was messiah . The most significant part about them recognizing him as messiah. They believed he was a Messiah but were not fully believing that he was the actual son of God. At this moment they were not fully understanding how significant it was that (the son of God) Jesus was so important at this historical time.

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