Hello Sir, Please find the attached 1st and 2nd papers and make the necessary corrections that are marked in red…3rd paper doesn’t require modifications.
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Literature Review and Proposal





Literature Review and Proposal

Literature Review

The quest for any job seeker including an aspiring network engineer requires an elaborate and comprehensive job search process to get a chance to work in the most reputable company in the department technological system or another department which is associated with network engineering. Job search refers to the process that is aimed at matching the many job seekers to the most suitable job opportunities (Palmer,


015). In an economic perspective, the job search approach is associated with people’s decisions to agree or reject offers of employment provided the cost of searching and the wage reserved. However, the sociological perspective on job search always considers more features or factors of the job process which may include the motivating factors which may lead to people to search and the various activities that result to job offers being made by the individual who needs the job opportunity. (Need a Citation here)
Network engineers or other job seeker needs to understand the fact that the methods of job search are traditionally divided into two approaches, such as the informal and formal methods of job search. The formal methods of job search entail involving the services of a registered employment agencies or responding to the published newspaper, journals, and the internet advertisements. However, the use of an individual’s personal address and contacts is one of the highly studied or examined the form of the informal job search method. Similarly, the job search conducts have also been categorized into active and passive behavior considering the level of activity the job seeker is engaging in to seek the job opportunity. It is notable that active behavior of the job seeker is associated with greater activity as compared to the passive job seeker. The intensity of the job search is also a significant aspect while studying the process of job search. The job search intensity is always measured while considering the time one spends while looking for the job, the number of made application for the same opportunity and the various types of the job search methods used by a given applicant or candidate (Manciagli, 201



The Role of Internet in Job Search Process

Over the recent years, the internet use has dominated in the process of job search. This can be associated with the increased use of technology and the world which has since gone a global village. Everyone will enquire for the relevant information including the information about the available employment opportunities in the industry. Typically, the internet utilization can enable the exchange of information between the employers and the individuals seeking employment. Furthermore, the use of the internet can significantly minimize the cost of getting information concerning particular job opportunities and applying for the various jobs including the Network Engineering job opportunities. The policies of improving the use of digital media in the process of job search among other related activities are without a doubt increasing and will soon be integrated and explored by both the job seekers and the employers or other agencies concerned with job search procedure. It is always important to use the internet and the information communication technology with the collaboration of other search strategies to be productive in the process of seeking the employment opportunities (Jacoway & Alba 2012).

The increasing use of the Internet and the Information Communication Technology has led to the issue of the digital divide in the society. The digital divide can be referred to as the gap which exists between the individuals who have the capacity to access the Internet and the ICT while looking for the employment opportunities and pursue them, and people have little or no access to the internet or information communication technology. The digital divide challenge has resulted in the feeling of exclusion that is, on the grounds of social, economic status and lack of education opportunities and those who feel that it is a choice as they may have access to these technologies and the internet but however chose not to use them. (Need a Citation here)

The Significance of Social Networks in the Process of Job Search

Studies have confirmed that the use of social networks is vital in the job search process as well as the career development. Therefore, to effective achieve the career goals of a network engineer there is need to integrate social networks. In additional, literature on the job search strategies incorporated by the job seekers shows that inquiries from friends, relatives, and associates for the relevant information concerning the various employment opportunities are a usual and shared practice in the current society. However, it is also important to note the fact that the quality and value of a person’s network is more vital compared to the number of contacts together with the kinds of the social network available as well as the magnitude and intensity of using the open connections (Jacoway & Alba 2012).

However, while seeking for employment as a Network Engineer, I will consider the issues that are raised on the social network. For instance, close social networks emphasized on the disadvantaged communities are not always appealing or positive about promoting job search conduct and enhancing the access to employment. Nevertheless, there are some situations when strong ties especially when the jobs are scarce can be supportive. Therefore, it is always important to consider various factors while using the social networks in job searching. Some of the factors to put into consideration include the groups and the location or areas.

Network Engineer Job Search

A network engineer is sometimes known as the system architect, typically designs and implements computer systems in the organization. The network engineer regularly emphasizes on the high-tech design and planning of the company’s networks. Similarly, network engineers chose the appropriate data communications elements and configured them so as to meet both the user and the corporate requirements. The development or construction of a consistent, reliable, and high-performing network integrating LAN, WAN, PAN, Internet and intranet components includes the network modeling and investigation. Specifically, the following are the responsibilities of a network engineer which should be considered in a job search process. (Need a Citation here)

Responsibilities of a Network Engineer

• Establishment of networking environment through designing the system configuration, controlling installation of the systems, elaborating, documenting and implementing the system standards.

• Maximizing the performance of networks by monitoring their performances, troubleshooting the various problems of the networks and scheduling the upgrades.

• Securing the network system through the establishment or development of the various policies required for the process of monitoring.

• Responsible for installing the server hardware and software infrastructures

• Management of the email, spam, and protection of the company’s system against any potential attack from the cyber criminals. (Need a Citation here)


The proposal of this paper is entirely dependent on the processes that I will utilize in searching for a job opportunity at a reputable company as a network engineer. It is a naked fact that finding a job is not a simple task as it needs much hard work as well as the technical skills to get into the work. The paper will provide the cycle of the action research through a step by step process in getting the employment opportunity. Similarly, the article will entail the iterations which involve the process of finding the job opportunity.

It is evident that the journal is divided into four iterations. The first iteration will include carrying out a comprehensive research on network engineering. I will engage the Internet and other information communication technology tools to get the relevant information concerning the position. Specifically, I will search for information from the various websites, journals and online books which will provide the essential aspects or ideas on the post of the network engineering in the current market or industry. These data and information will be valuable as they will foster my desire for the opportunity and also motivate me to look further towards getting the employment opportunity. Besides, I will also be seeking the information of the some of the most reputable technological companies which have been successful as far as the network management and engineering are concerned. The internet sources of information will also be valuable in giving me the various information concerning the multiple roles and responsibilities of the network engineer. This, therefore, completes my initial step of iteration and it leads me much further towards my goal.

The second iteration will entail choosing an appropriate institute and begin my training and lessons. This iteration as a section of my action research, I will make a choice of one of the best institution to get basic and essential training on network engineering. I will be seeking to improve my skills and knowledge in various topics including Software-Defined Networking (SDN), Data Centre Networking as well as Content Distribution. Because three mentioned issues are the most important core for a network engineer, I believe that the opportunity to get trained on them will be valuable during the interviewing process and also after the successful selection after the interview. Moreover, in the process of looking for an institution, I would also ask whether the available professor would be capable of educating me on the said topics with the inclusion of both theories and practical lessons. These are some of the factors I will use in selecting the bet institution. This iteration stage will be significant in helping me have more knowledge and insight on the relevant topics and skills required for network engineering jobs and also play a role in interview preparation.

The third iteration will major on meeting some of the famous and fruitful network engineers from reputable companies. I will carry out the face-to-face interview with these experts with the aim of increasing my knowledge and understanding of the working culture and some of the roles and responsibilities of a network engineer. Similarly, engaging with these professionals will also help me acquire some skills and strategies they have used for them to be successful and therefore provide me with sufficient confidence to face both the interview and the corporate world.

Lastly, I will apply for the advertised position of network engineer at the company and finally, prepare for the interview. The first critical step in preparing for an interview is the preparation of the resume. I will seek for the various online samples and templates from some of the recognized and fruitful network engineers and edit mine while referring to them. Besides, I will begin preparing myself for the actual interview by reviewing some of the required technical skills for the position. I will use the various information learned from the interviewed professional. Next, I will rehearse for the interview by examining some of the online interview questions to assist me to get acquainted with some of the common interview questions and how I will handle them during the interviewing process. It would be critical to peruse and practice some presentation skills since some companies may involve the strategy as part of the interview.



s for Job search process as a Networking engineer


McTaggart, S. K. (2007). Participatory action research. Communicative action and public sphere, 271-327.

Reason, P. A. (2008). Participative inquiry and practice. In The SAGE Handbook of Action Research. london: SAGE.

Rosenthal, D. P. (n.d.). Business Resumption Planning. Retrieved from The business forum: http://www.bizforum.org/whitepapers/calstatela.htm

Zaharia, M. (n.d.). Introduction to Mapreduce and Hadoop. Retrieved from RAD Lab:


Palmer, T. (2015). The job search process: Find & land a great job in less than 30 days. United States: The Author.

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Manciagli, D. (2013). Cut the crap, get a job!: A new job search process for a new era : “for the serious job seeker, from college graduate to senior executive”Top of Form

Krantman, S. (2012). Resume writer’s workbook. Mason, Ohio: South-Western.Top of Form

Jacoway, K., & Alba, J. (2012). I’m in a job search –now what???. Cupertino, Calif: HappyAbout.

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Carrying out a comprehensive research on network engineering



Choosing an appropriate institute and begin my training and lessons.


Meeting some of the celebrated and successful network engineers from reputable companies

Apply for the advertised position of network engineer at the company and finally prepare for the interview.




Introduction and Methodology


Introduction and Methodology

Field Experience/Internship


The modern era is coupled with the increased technologies which have continuously emerged to cater for the high demands of the customers and organizations. Innovations in the technological sector have since been the order of the day for many companies and individual scientists. However, these new technologies are greatly influenced by the various security threats which have impacted on their performance and led to the great losses to the troubled companies. Although the human race has progressed by the use of the modern technologies such as personal computers and smartphones, their performances have also been compromised by the increased vulnerabilities to cyber threat issues (Vesalainen et al., 2017). (Incorrect format for a citation.)

There various types of networks which the organization needs the required skills and competencies to manage. These types of systems may include the LANs which links a limited area to a network such as the homes, offices or few groups of buildings, MANS which connects a larger area such as a university or a city, WANs which links nationally or internationally, GANs, SAN, CAN, PAN among others. All these types of networks require the necessary skills and competencies for effective management in the organization. (Need a citation here.)

This project entails a job search process as a Network Engineer in a reputable company. The primary reason for this area of specialization is because of the recent cyber security issues which have indeed limited the performance of several computer network infrastructures. Therefore I wanted to minimize the many losses the company faces in case there are interferences of the company’s systems. I graduated with the undergraduate degree in computer systems engineering, and I have gained a lot of knowledge and experience in network security management upon the completion of my master degree in information systems. From my previous internship as a network administration assistant, I gained valuable skills needed for a network engineer. Some of the valuable skills required for the network engineer include the analytical skills, teamwork, organizational skills, communication skills, leadership skills and the attention to detail.

A network engineer is sometimes known as the network architect, typically designs and implements computer systems in the organization (Karris, 2009). Different from network administrators, who carry out the day-to-day support, the network engineer regularly emphasizes on the high-tech design and planning of the company’s networks. Similarly, network engineers chose the appropriate data communications elements and configured them so as to meet both the user and the corporate requirements. The development or construction of a consistent, reliable, and high-performing network integrating LAN, WAN, PAN, Internet and intranet components includes the network modeling and investigation.

As a network engineer, I will be designing, maintaining and managing the computer networks of the company. I will be seeking to work in offices particularly with organizations that have large enterprise-wide networks. I will also be responsible for troubleshooting both the operations and security issues of the company. Besides, as a network engineer, I will deal with firewalls, DNS servers and or DHCP servers. All these responsibilities are indeed linked to the various experiences and skills I received all through my career and academic path (Karris, 2009).

My interest to become a network engineer is also associated with the job market and the industry which is favorable for every aspiring network engineer. It is notable that the increased threats to the security networks have led to increased demand for the network engineers. ((Need a citation here.)


Action Research

Kurt Lewin is one of the celebrated founder or father of action research. A German social psychologist at the Gestalt School also had much concern on the social issues in the society and highly put much focus on the participative group procedures n handling conflicts and the various transformations existing in an organizational setting. Kurt Lewin first came up with the term action research in his 1946 paper which was named, ‘’Action Research and Minority Problems.” He termed action research as a comparative research on the situations and impacts of different forms of social measures and study resulting social actions through the use of a process of spiral procedures each of which is a collection of a cycle of planning action, and fact-finding concerning the outcome of the measure. Eric Trist is also anther leading contributor of the term ‘’Action Research’’ and together with Kurt Lewin, they applied their various research to the systematic change in and between organizations. They both focused on the right professional which entailed the customer collaboration and acknowledged the significance of group relations as a ground for solving problems. ((Need a citation here.)

Many names such as the participatory research, collaborative inquiry, emancipatory research among others can be used to refer to Action research. Specifically, action research always entails learning through action or doing in which a particular group of people determines, examines and evaluate a particular issue, view how effective their various efforts were to identify if they were successful. According to Koshy (2005), Action research aims to make a contribution to both the practical concerns of individuals in an instant challenging situation and also to further the objectives of social science concurrently. Therefore, there is a double obligation in action research to examine a system and simultaneously to cooperate with other members of the system in developing or changing it to what can be harmoniously regarded as a required direction. The accomplishments of these dual goals need the active partnership of a researcher and the customer, and thus it focuses on the significance of the co-learning as a primary feature of the research process.

What makes this particular type of research from the general professional practices, consultancy services, and or problem-solving is the focus of the scientific study (no meaning,rewrite sentence). This implies that the researcher will examine the problem systematically and also ensures that the theoretical considerations inform the intervention. Another difference between action research and other kinds of scientific research is that during the procedure of the action research, the researchers will require developing and also use a scope of capabilities or abilities to achieve their various points. An example is careful planning process, sharpened perception as well as listening skills, assessment together with the critical reflection. However, the traditional research is always conducted to give a report and publish the different conclusions that can be comprehensive to the greater populations, while the action research is usually carried out to take immediate actions and impact positive change in the current environment that was initially identified by the researcher. Similarly, the traditional research can be conducted in the environment where one can easily be controlled or managed, whereas the action research should always be carried out in schools, classrooms or academic settings or environment (Tripp, 2005).

Purpose and Justification

The action research is typically utilized in the real life situation as opposed to the experimental examinations. This is because it aims at solving the real life challenges which may be existing. Similarly, it can also be used by the social scientists for preliminary or pilot examination, especially in case the situation is too challenging to frame up a precise research question of the study. In most occasions, the action research is chosen in situations when circumstances need a lot of flexibility, the people involvement or in a condition when there is urgent of change within a given group or society. Moreover, the action research is used by practitioners who anticipate improving the proper understanding and knowledge of their practice. Others who needs action research include the social change activists attempting to support an action campaign, or, more probably, academics who are invited into an organizational or other significant domain by the decision makers who are aware of the problem which requires action research. These people may lack the necessary methodological know how to handle the situation (O’Brien, 2001).

The Process of Action Research

Stephen Kemmis developed a simple model or approach of the cynical nature of the action research process. He categorized the cycle into four initial steps including planning, acting, observing and reflecting (O’Brien, 2001). However, Gerald Susman also provided a simpler and elaborating listing of the various five stages of the action research which can be carried out within every research cycle. The first phase is the identification or definition of the problem followed by the action planning which will entail the possible solutions or alternatives out of which a single course of action is taken and implemented. The data portraying the results of the intervention are gathered and assessed, and the relevant outcomes are then interpreted at the same time considering the effectiveness of the action plan. At this specific point, the issue is evaluated again, and the process can be repeated. The process will carry on until the solution is found.

The following is the detailed action research model that describes the above description of the various stages of the process. (O’Brien, 2001).

(Include citation for figure)


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Karris, S. T. (2009). Networks: Design and management. Fremont, Calif: Orchard Publications.

Koshy, V. (2005). Action research for improving practice: A practical guide. Sage.(incomplete reference, missing state and city)

O’Brien, R. (2001). An Overview of the Methodological Approach of Action Research Retrieved from, http://www.web.ca/~robrien/papers/arfinal.html

Tripp, D. (2005). Action research: a methodological introduction.Educacao e pesquisa, 31(3), 443-466.

Vesalainen, J., Valkokari, K., & Hellström, M. (2017). Practices for Network Management: In Search of Collaborative Advantage. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

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