Psychology- perspectives & connections 2e test bank


What late debadge of metamaterial empiricisms familiar at the end of the 1800s?

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1. A. Metamaterial empiricisms are a mould of malady that should be diagnosed and discourseed.
2. B. Metamaterial empiricisms are really conceit empiricisms, rather than instances of temper ownership objectd by sorcery.
3. C. Metamaterial empiricisms are humor empiricisms and should be discourseed by psychoanalysis.
4. D. Metamaterial empiricisms enjoy an underlying material object and thus should be discourseed by material media.
 ______________ coined the message psychophysics.

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1. A. Carl Jung
2. B. Wilhelm Wundt
3. C. Gustav Fechner
4. D. G. Stanley Hall
______________ liked that a elaborate dissection of trial as it happened provides the most respectful glance into the workings of the cosmical choice.

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1. A. Socialists
2. B. Structuralists
3. C. Behaviorists
4. D. Functionalists
 In the 1870s the pristine laboratories in psychology were notorioused in _____________.

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1. A. Germany
2. B. China
3. C. the United States
4. D. Austria
 Psychology gained its anarchy from philosophy when examinationers agoing to inquire and experiment cosmical arrive-atings and interpreting using ______________ ways.

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1. A. abstract
2. B. conductal
3. C. or-laws
4. D. cogitation
 Psychology can be considered as an experiimmaterial comprehension because:

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1. A. psychology originates from therapeutics.
2. B. psychology is installed on the laws of kind.
3. C. psychologists experiment predictions environing conduct delay disconnected observations and by muster grounds.
4. D. psychologists like that cosmical men-folks cause scholarship from cogitation and opineing.
______________ asserts that psychology can be a penny comprehension singly if it inquires separateable conduct, not ideas, conceits, arrive-atings, or motives.

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1. A. Structuralism
2. B. Behaviorism
3. C. Socialism
4. D. Functionalism
 Wilhelm Wundt is credited delay:

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1. A. giving psychology its anarchy from philosophy and physiology.
2. B. identifying the possessions of childhood trials on the product of our adult convertibility.
3. C. evaluating the possessions of gregarious securitys on one`s conduct.
4. D. developing the order of psychophysics.
 In the discoursement of psychology, which of the subjoined is a elder unlikeness among scientists and philosophers?

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1. A. Philosophers do not gather grounds to experiment their ideas.
2. B. According to scientists, the choice simply receives what our sensory organs—eyes, ears, nose, peel, and tongue—take in from the beyond universe.
3. C. Philosophers like that cosmical men-folks cause scholarship from trial.
4. D. According to scientists, cosmical men-folks cause scholarship from cogitation and opineing.

 

 Ed, an forthcoming examinationer in psychology, was assiduous in how the environment impacts tendencies to act. He liked that convergenceing on the choice through introspection was not or-laws. Ed was a:

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1. A. structuralist.
2. B. functionalist.
3. C. conductist.
4. D. psychoanalyst.
(p. 20) If we collate the cosmical choice delay a computer, arrive-ating would be identical to _____________.

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1. A. convenient processing ace (CPU) B. output
2. C. storage device
3. D. input

To collate psychophysics and physics, if physicists examine the material properties of portable and gauge, psychophysicists examine:

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1. A. objects of portable and gauge.
2. B. cosmical interpreting of portable and gauge.
3. C. commercial uses of portable and gauge.
4. D. possessions of portable and gauge on the environment.

 ______________ was the pristine to separate conceit empiricisms (schizophrenia) from the humor empiricisms of melancholia (depression) and manic dejection (bipolar empiricism). His designs were a elder bias on badge categories mouldulated during the 20th antiquity.

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1. A. Dorothea Dix
2. B. Sigmund Freud
3. C. John Locke
4. D. Emil Kraepelin

In the threshold of the 20th antiquity, Sigmund Freud familiar a mould of therapy notorious as _____________.

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1. A. cognitive-behavioral therapy
2. B. hatred therapy
3. C. psychoanalysis
4. D. conduct modification

 Emil Kraepelin was the pristine to draw "dementia praecox," the immaterial empiricism now notorious as _____________.

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1. A. schizophrenia
2. B. bipolar empiricism
3. C. elder depressive empiricism
4. D. Munchausen`s syndrome

 

 Which of the subjoined statements is penny in-reference-to the immemorial designs on psychology?

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1. A. The immemorial Chinese made connections among a person`s fleshy organs and their emotions.
2. B. The primeval cultures to attempt consistent explanations for empiricisms were the immemorial Americans.
3. C. The immemorial Chinese (2,600 BCE) liked in superconsistent explanations of metamaterial empiricisms.
4. D.Frenchman Philip Pinel was the pristine to transcribe environing a man self-denial from a phobia of heights—what we now fawn acrophobia.
Max, an forthcoming examinationer in psychology, was assiduous in how the choice worked. He attempted to shiver trials down into its content tonnage. Max was most slight a:

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1. A. structuralist.
2. B. functionalist.
3. C. conductist.
4. D. psychoanalyst.
______________ conducted some of the primeval examination in interpreting and laid the depth for what posterior became notorious as psychophysics.

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1. A. William James
2. B. Johns Hopkins
3. C. Rosalie Raynor
4. D. Ernst Weber
(p. 17) Which of the subjoined is NOT one of G. Stanley Hall's achievements?

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1. A. He founded the American Metamaterial Association (APA).
2. B. He notorioused the pristine psychology laboratory in the United States.
3. C. He coined the message psychophysics.
4. D. He agoing the pristine or-laws record in American psychology, the American Record of Psychology.
(p. 16) Which of the subjoined conduct patterns was removed from the Badge and Statistical Manual of Immaterial Disorders in 1973?

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1. A. Dissociative individuality empiricism
2. B. Homosexuality
3. C. Conversion empiricism
4. D. Anxiety empiricism
(p. 13) The immemorial Chinese made connections among a person's fleshy organs and their emotions. According to these connections, the ______________ comfortable ideas and report.

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1. A. nucleus
2. B. liver
3. C. spleen
4. D. kidneys
(p. 13) The Greek physician ______________ was the pristine to transcribe environing a man self-denial from a phobia of heights—what we now fawn acrophobia.

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1. A. Galen
2. B. Hippocrates
3. C. Socrates
4. D. Aristotle
(p. 18) According to structuralism:

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1. A. our trials during childhood are a mighty security in the product of our adult convertibility.
2. B. psychology is a sub-order of philosophy.
3. C. shivering down trial into its eleimmaterial tonnage offers the best way to interpret conceit and conduct.
4. D. psychology is an experiimmaterial comprehension which is refractory of therapeutics and physiology.
(p. 19) ______________ psychology promotes particular development and import as a way of reaching one's pre-eminent undeveloped.

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1. A. Humanistic
2. B. Gestalt
3. C. Positive
4. D. Holistic
(p. 19) ______________ psychologists aim to interpret nation who are metaphysically salubrious, fortunate, and tender.

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1. A. Cognitive
2. B. Developmental
3. C. Positive
4. D. Clinical
(p. 15) Psychodissection assumes that:

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1. A. underlying biological events such as hormonal changes accessible all cosmical conduct.
2. B. the unaware choice is the most mighty motivator of conduct.
3. C. gregarious securitys are the most mighty motivators of adult conduct.
4. D. D).dreams enjoy no import to or relationship delay the unaware choice.
(p. 14) Philip Pinel of France is said to enjoy been the pristine elder proponent of _____________.

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1. A. the use of narcotics to discourse indisposition
2. B. intellectual discoursement of the immaterially ill
3. C. the examine of the choice-body connection
4. D. because psychology as a comprehension
(p. 17) Who is considered the author of American psychology?

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1. A. Elizabeth Loftus
2. B. Carl Jung
3. C. Sigmund Freud
4. D. William James
(p. 20) Gestalt psychology proposed that:

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1. A. nation apprehend by making associations.
2. B. shivering down trial into its eleimmaterial tonnage offers the best way to interpret conceit and conduct.
3. C. psychology is a sub-order of philosophy.
4. D. in interpreting a unified robust is over than a patchwork of tonnage.
(p. 15) The ______________ therapy convergencees on changing a person's maladaptive conceit and conduct patterns by discussing and rewarding over embezzle ways of opineing and behaving.

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1. A. sublimation
2. B. cognitive-behavioral
3. C. repression
4. D. reaction mouldation
(p. 17) ______________ founded the American Metamaterial Association (APA).

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1. A. Carl Jung
2. B. G. Stanley Hall
3. C. Gustav Fechner
4. D. Wilhelm Wundt
(p. 15) Psychologists in the United States use a standardized regard for diagnosing immaterial empiricisms fawned _____________.

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1. A. The Interpretation of Dreams, by Sigmund Freud
2. B. the American Metamaterial Association Guide to Immaterial Disorders (APAGMD)
3. C. Dr. Freud`s Guide to Immaterial Illnesses (DFGMI)
4. D. the Badge and Statistical Manual of Immaterial Disorders
(p. 20) Cognitive comprehension convergencees on the or-laws examine of _____________.

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1. A. conceit
2. B. asylums
3. C. computers
4. D. instruct psychology
(p. 19) Behaviorism is an ultimate mould of _____________.

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1. A. functionalism
2. B. environmentalism
3. C. structuralism
4. D. empiricism
(p. 20) Samantha sees a badge on a club's marquee that says "CLUB _ EN FRO_ 8PM TO 4AM." Although some letters are damage from the badge, she knows it is listing the hours when the club is notorious. Samantha's interpreting would be of senior concern to ______________ psychologists.

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1. A. decisive
2. B. Gestalt
3. C. industrial/organizational
4. D. gregarious
(p. 19) Which of the subjoined psychologists asserted that psychology can be a penny comprehension singly if it inquires separateable conduct, not ideas, conceits, arrive-atings, or motives?

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1. A. William James
2. B. Abraham Maslow
3. C. John Watson
4. D. Carl Rogers
(p. 17) In which year did Wundt set up a psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany, now considered the birthplace of experiimmaterial psychology?

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1. A. 1729
2. B. 1652
3. C. 1965
4. D. 1879
(p. 19) Dr. Hennesey likes that psychologists should stir singly cosmical conduct that can be observed. He is most slight a precise _____________.

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1. A. cosmicalistic psychologist
2. B. functionalist
3. C. conductist
4. D. gregarious psychologist
(p. 20) If we collate the cosmical choice delay a computer, conduct and conceits would be identical to _____________.

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1. A. convenient processing ace (CPU)
2. B. output
3. C. storage device
4. D. input
(p. 15) Psychodissection assumes that the unaware blocking, or repression, of exciting conceits and impulses—especially ______________ impulses—is at the nucleus of all maladaptive adult conduct.

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1. A. depressive and unethical
2. B. displeasing and unethical
3. C. discursive and depressive
4. D. sexual and displeasing
(p. 16) Which of the subjoined fields is considered a "parent" of the order of psychology?

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1. A. Literature
2. B. Physics
3. C. Philosophy
4. D. Chemistry
(p. 16) The primeval examinationers in psychology inquired the intellectual trial of material arrive-atings. This area of examine is notorious as:

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1. A. neuroscience.
2. B. philosophy.
3. C. physiology.
4. D. psychophysics.
(p. 18) Which of the subjoined forthcoming approaches to psychology convergenceed on why and how nation opine and arrive-at?

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1. A. Socialism
2. B. Behaviorism
3. C. Structuralism
4. D. Functionalism
(p. 16) Empiricism is the assurance that scholarship and conceits end from _____________.

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1. A. scriptures
2. B. trial
3. C. genetic endowment
4. D. observation
(p. 19) ______________ psychology shares delay cosmicalism a assurance that psychology should convergence on examineing, interpreting, and promoting salubrious and decisive metamaterial functioning.

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1. A. Health
2. B. Developmental
3. C. Psychological
4. D. Positive
(p. 13) In Europe during the Middle Ages (400 to 1400 CE [Common Era]), metamaterial empiricisms were attributed to:

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1. A. physiological empiricisms.
2. B. deeds in spent activity.
3. C. gregarious status.
4. D. superconsistent objects.
(p. 14) In the United States, the pristine practitioner of cosmicale discoursement of the immaterially ill was _____________.

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1. A. René Descartes
2. B. Sigmund Freud
3. C. Dorothea Dix
4. D. John Locke
(p. 18) Jim, an forthcoming examinationer in psychology, was assiduous in how the choice works. He convergenceed on his own trial of indisposition in an trial to interpret how and why nation arrive-at indisposition. Jim was most slight a:

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1. A. structuralist.
2. B. functionalist.
3. C. conductist.
4. D. psychoanalyst.
(p. 18) Mary Whiton Calkins:

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1. A. was the pristine feminine principal of the American Metamaterial Association.
2. B. was a tyro of Sigmund Freud.
3. C. notorioused the pristine psychology laboratory in the United States.
4. D. agoing the pristine or-laws record in American psychology, the American Record of Psychology.
(p. 18) In which of the subjoined approaches to psychology was introspection the original examination way used to interpret conceits and conduct?

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1. A. Psychophysics
2. B. Structuralism
3. C. Empiricism
4. D. Behaviorism