Medical Terminology

*USE THE ATTACHED POWERPOINTS TO COMPLETE THE ASSIGNMENT*

1. Since every medical term should have a suffix, knowing  the meaning of a suffix is a crucial part to understanding the meaning of a medical term. Choose three medical terms with different suffixes and explain their meanings.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Medical Terminology
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

2. The suffix -cyte means cell or blood cell. Write all the terms that have the suffix -cyte including the different types of blood cells. Explain what the terms mean and refer to the functions and different characteristics of all blood cells (Make sure you also explain the 5 types of White blood cells).

3. Prefixes add description to medical terms. They can indicate location, time, and amount. Provide three medical terms with prefixes that describe location, time and amount in a medical term. Divide them, label them and give their meaning.

4. Some suffixes and prefixes are opposites. Provide one set of suffixes or prefixes that are opposites.

Chapter 3
Suffixes
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Learning Objectives
Define new suffixes and review those presented in previous chapters.
Gain practice in word analysis by using these suffixes with combining forms to build and understand terms.
Identify the functions of the different types of blood cells in the body.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Chapter 3
Lesson 3.1
Copyright © 2005 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
NOUN SUFFIXES

-algia pain
-cele hernia
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-coccus berry-shaped bacterium
-cyte cell
Suffix Meaning
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 76 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
HERNIA
Protrusion of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
See page 82 for more information.
A Hernia is Protrusion of an organ or the muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it.
CYSTOCELE
when part of the urinary bladder herniates through the vaginal wall.
RECTOCELE
protrusion of a portion of the rectum toward the vagina

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
AMNIOCENTESIS
Withdrawal of the fluid that surrounds the embryo for culture and karyotyping

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
When is an amniocentesis usually performed?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Streptococcus and Staphylococcus: Bacteria that grow in chains or clusters
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
What is the difference between streptococcus and staphylococcus?
What is an abscess?
What are the different types of hernias?
When is an amniocentesis usually performed?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
NOUN SUFFIXES

-dynia pain
-ectomy excision, removal
-emia blood condition
-genesis condition of producing, forming
-gram record
Suffix Meaning
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 76-77 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
NOUN SUFFIXES

-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-itis inflammation
-logy study of
-lysis breakdown, destruction, separation
Suffix Meaning
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 77 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
NOUN SUFFIXES

-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor, mass, collection of fluid
-opsy to view (under a microscope)
-osis condition, usually abnormal
Suffix Meaning
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 77-78 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
NOUN SUFFIXES

-pathy disease condition
-penia deficiency
-phobia fear
-plasia development, formation, growth
-plasty surgical repair
Suffix Meaning
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 78-79 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
QUICK QUIZ:
1. Which term means fear of heights?
A. Acromegaly
B. Hydrophobia
C. Acrophobia
D. Agoraphobia
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Correct Answer is C, Acrophobia

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
NOUN SUFFIXES

-ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopy process of visual examination
-stasis stopping, controlling
Suffix Meaning
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 77-78 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
NOUN SUFFIXES

-stomy opening to form a mouth (stoma)
-therapy treatment
-tomy incision, cutting into
-trophy development, nourishment
Suffix Meaning
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 79-80 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
SHORTER NOUN SUFFIXES

-er one who
-ia condition
-ist specialist
-ole little, small
-ule little, small
-um, ium structure, tissue
-us structure, substance
-y condition, process
Suffix Meaning
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 80 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
QUICK QUIZ:
5. Which is the smallest of blood vessels?
A. Arteries
B. Venules
C. Capillaries
D. Arterioles
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Correct Answer is C, capillaries are the tiniest of blood vessels. See page 88 appendix P for more information.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES

-ac, iac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar, ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-genic pertaining to producing, produced by or in
Suffix Meaning
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 80-81 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ADJECTIVE SUFFIXES

-ic, ical pertaining to
-oid resembling
-ose pertaining to, full of
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
Suffix Meaning
SUFFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Refer to page 81 for terms using these suffixes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Build Terms with Suffixes and Combining Forms
Combining Forms +
Suffix
arthr/itis
blephar/o/ptosis
isch/emia
oste/o/genic
staphyl/o/cocci
Meaning

Inflammation of joint
drooping eyelid
loss of normal blood flow
produced by bone tissue
berry-shaped bacteria that grow in clusters

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
What is Streptococcus?
What are other berry-shaped bacteria?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Anemia: Reduction in the number of erythrocytes or amount of hemoglobin in the circulating blood
Ischemia: Loss of normal blood flow to a part of the body
Tonsillitis: Infected and inflamed tonsils (lymphatic tissue in the back of the throat)

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
What is the literal meaning of anemia?
How are anemias classified?
What is aplastic anemia?
What happens to tissue that becomes ischemic?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Acromegaly: An endocrine disorder marked by excessive amount of growth hormone after the completion of puberty
Splenomegaly: Enlargement of the spleen
Leukocytosis: An elevation in the numbers of normal white blood cells in response to an infection

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
What usually causes the excessive amount of growth hormone found in acromegaly?
What is the spleen composed of, and what is its function?
What is the difference between leukocytosis and leukemia? What do their suffixes mean?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Achondroplasia: A type of dwarfism characterized by short limbs, a normal-sized head and body, and normal intelligence
Blepharoptosis: Drooping eyelids
Laparoscopy: Visual examination of the abdomen using a laparoscope

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Laparoscope – a lighted telescopic instrument
What causes achondroplasia?
How is the suffix -ptosis pronounced?
What are the specific uses of laparoscopy?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Arteriole: Small arteries (arteries carry blood rich in oxygen from the heart to the organs)
Adenoids: Lymphatic tissue in the pharynx near the nose and nasal passages

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
What is the literal meaning of adenoids?
What may happen if adenoids become enlarged?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
QUICK QUIZ:
4. Which term means inflammation of tonsils? (watch spelling!)
A. Tonsilitis
B. Tonsillitis
C. Tonsillectomy
D. Tonsilectomy
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Correct Answer is B, tonsillitis. Although the term tonsil has only one “l”, the combining form has a double letter “l”. “ITIS” means inflammation. Choice A is incorrect because it has only one “l”.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Blood Cell Types
Erythrocytes

Leukocytes

Thrombocytes
Red Blood cells

White Blood cells

Clotting cells

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
What is hemoglobin? What purpose does it serve?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Blood Cell Types
1. Erythrocytes
Red Blood Cells
Made in bone marrow
Carry oxygen from lungs to all body cells
Hemoglobin: blood protein

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
What is hemoglobin? What purpose does it serve?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Blood Cell Types (cont’d.)
2. Leukocytes
White blood cells
Five different kinds of leukocytes, divided into two categories
Granulocytes
Mononuclear leukocytes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
What is the distinction between granulocytes and mononuclear leukocytes?
An easy way to remember the names of the five leukocytes is: Never (neutrophil) Let (lymphocyte) Monkeys (monocyte) Eat (eosinophil) Bananas (basophil).

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Blood Cell Types (cont’d.)
Granulocytes – three types
Eosinophils
Basophils
Neutrophils

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Formed in the blood marrow
Eosinophils – active and elevated in allergic conditions such as asthma
Basophils – play a role in inflammation
Neutrophils – important disease-fighting cells
What do the prefixes for each type reflect?
What are some other names for neutrophils?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Blood Cell Types (cont’d.)
Mononuclear Leukocytes – two types
Lymphocytes
Monocytes

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Lymphocytes – fight disease by producing antibodies that destroy foreign bodies
Monocytes – engulf and destroy cellular debris after neutrophils have attacked foreign cells
What are two types of lymphocytes?
What are macrophages?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Blood Cell Types (cont’d.)
3. Thrombocytes
Also known as platelets
Tiny fragments of blood cells that are formed in the marrow
Necessary for blood clotting

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
TYPES OF BLOOD CELLS
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
TYPES OF BLOOD CELLS
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
QUICK QUIZ:
2. Which type of blood cells are necessary for clotting?
A. Erythrocytes
B. Granulocytes
C. Monocytes
D. Thrombocytes
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Correct Answer is D, thrombocytes, which are actually tiny fragments of cells formed in the bone marrow and necessary for blood clotting.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Pronunciation
ā as in āpe
ē as in ēven
ī as in īce
ō as in ōpen
ū as in ūnit
ă as in ăpple
ĕ as in ĕvery
ĭ as in ĭnterest
ŏ as in pŏt
ŭ as in ŭnder

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Pronunciation (cont’d.)
Examples:
acute ă-KŪT
basophil BĀ-sō-fĭl
ischemia ĭs-KĒ-mē-ă
paracentesis pă-ră-cĕn-TĒ-sĭs
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*
Are all students clear on the differences in short and long vowel sounds?

Chapter 4
Prefixes
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Learning Objectives
Define basic prefixes used in the medical language.
Analyze medical terms that combine prefixes and other word elements.
Learn about the Rh condition as an example of an antigen-antibody reaction.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Chapter 4
Lesson 4.1
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

a-, an no, not, without
ab- away from
ad- toward
ana- up, apart
ante- before, forward
Prefix Meaning
PREFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Refer to page 109-110 for terms using these prefixes.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

anti- against
auto- self, own
bi- two
brady- slow
cata- down
con- with, together
Prefix Meaning
PREFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Refer to page 110 for terms using these prefixes.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

contra- against, opposite
de- down, lack of
dia- through, complete
dys- bad, painful, difficult
ec-, ecto out, outside
en-, endo- in, within
Prefix Meaning
PREFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Refer to page 111 for terms using these prefixes.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

epi- upon, on, above
eu- good, normal
ex- out, away from
hemi- half
hyper- excessive, above
hypo- deficient, under
Prefix Meaning
PREFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Refer to page 111-112 for terms using these prefixes.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

in- not
in- into, within
infra- beneath
inter- between
intra- into, within
macro- large
Prefix Meaning
PREFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Refer to page 112 for terms using these prefixes.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

mal- bad
meta- beyond, change
micro- small
neo- new
pan- all
para- abnormal, beside, near
Prefix Meaning
PREFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Refer to page 110 for terms using these prefixes.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

per- through
peri- surrounding
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of
pro- before, forwrad
Prefix Meaning
PREFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Refer to page 113 for terms using these prefixes.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

pseudo- false
re- back, again
retro- behind, backwards
sub- under
supra- above, upper
syn-, sym- together, with
Prefix Meaning
PREFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Refer to page 113-114 for terms using these prefixes.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

tachy- fast
trans- across, through
ultra- beyond, excel
uni- one
Prefix Meaning
PREFIXES AND
TERMINOLOGY
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Refer to page 113-114 for terms using these prefixes.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
QUICK QUIZ:
1. Which term means a muscle that draws a limb TOWARD the body? (Watch spelling!)
A. Adducter
B. Abductor
C. Adductor
D. Abducter
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Correct Answer is C, Adductor (answer A is misspelled. B means a muscle that draws a limb away from the body. D is misspelled.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
2. Which term means painful breathing?
A. dyspnea
B. dysplasia
C. apnea
D. cephalgia
QUICK QUIZ:
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Correct Answer is A, dyspnea dys- means painful -pnea means breathing. Remember, medical terms do not need to have a root or combining form (as dyspnea, for example, has a prefix and a suffix.)

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Adrenal glands: endocrine glands located above each kidney
Antibiotic: destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
What is the function of adrenal glands?
What is adrenaline? What is another name for the term?
What was the first antibiotic? (penicillin)
What are some examples of autoimmune diseases? (rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Graves disease)

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Antibody/ Antigen
Antigen: A substance, usually foreign to the body, that stimulates the production of antibodies.
Antibodies: Protein substances made by white blood cells (specifically lymphocytes) in response to the presence of foreign antigens.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Antigen examples: poison, flu virus, bacterium
Immune reaction: reaction between an antigen and antibody
What is a common name for an immune reaction against normally non-threatening antigens?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Rh Condition (cont’d.)
Rh Condition: An antigen-antibody condition that develops when there is a difference in Rh blood factor between that of the pregnant mother (Rh negative) and that of the fetus (Rh positive).

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Discuss how Rh condition occurs.
First pregnancy with Rh+ baby: baby is not affected but Rh- mother is sensitized
Second pregnancy with Rh+ baby baby develops hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)
Symptom of HDN: Jaundice
How can the condition be prevented? (Prevent Rh condition with Rh immune globulin injection to Rh- woman within 72 hours of delivery, miscarriage, or abortion of an Rh+ fetus.)

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Rh Condition (cont.)
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
QUICK QUIZ:
3. Antibodies are made by what type of cell?
A. platelets
B. leukocytes
C. thrombocytes
D. erythrocytes
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Correct Answer is B, leukocytes or white blood cells. See page 116 in 8th edition for more information.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Autoimmune disease: The body makes antibodies against its own healthy cells and tissues, causing inflammation and injury.
Congenital anomaly: An irregularity in a structure or organ that an infant is born with

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
What is the function of adrenal glands?
What is adrenaline? What is another name for the term?
What was the first antibiotic? (penicillin)
What are some examples of autoimmune diseases? (rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Graves disease)

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Contralateral: The opposite side of the body.

Dialysis: Removing harmful waste products from the body with an artificial kidney machine (dialysis machine).

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
What are some examples of congenital anomalies?
What are some causes of nonhereditary congenital anomalies?
Give some examples that demonstrate contralateral.
What term means the same side? (ipsilateral)

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Ectopic pregnancy: An abnormal pregnancy when the embryo implants outside the uterus, usually in the fallopian tubes, but sometimes on an ovary or in the abdominal cavity.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
See page 118 for more details

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
QUICK QUIZ:
4. Ectopic pregnancy most commonly occurs in the ____________?
A. Peritoneal cavity
B. Right ovary
C. Left ovary
D. Fallopian Tube
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Correct Answer is D, fallopian tube. See page 118 for more detail.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Parathyroid glands: Four endocrine glands located on the dorsal side of the thyroid gland that function separately from the thyroid gland.
Prolapse: To fall or slide forward, often used to describe an organ, such as a prolapsed uterus.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
What is the function of parathyroid hormone?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Recombinant DNA: Taking a gene from one organism and inserting it into the DNA of another organism.
Syndrome: A group of signs or symptoms that commonly occur together and indicate a particular disease or abnormal condition.
Symbiosis: Two organisms living together in close association, either for mutual benefit or not.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Describe the recombinant DNA technique used to manufacture insulin outside the body.
What is polymerase chain reaction (PCR)?
List a syndrome example (other than Reye syndrome and fetal alcohol syndrome), and ask students to list the symptoms.
What is parasitism?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Symphysis: A joint in which the bony surfaces are united by a layer of fibrocartilage.
Transurethral: When an instrument passes through the urethra.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
What are some examples of symphysis?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ULTRASONOGRAPHY
Ultrasonography: A diagnostic technique using ultrasound waves to produce an image or photograph of an organ or tissue.

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Notice the facial features in the ultrasound image.
What is an echocardiogram?

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Pronunciation
ā as in āpe
ē as in ēven
ī as in īce
ō as in ōpen
ū as in ūnit
ă as in ăpple
ĕ as in ĕvery
ĭ as in ĭnterest
ŏ as in pŏt
ŭ as in ŭnder

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Pronunciation (cont’d.)
Examples
antigen
contralateral
malaise
prolapse

ĂN-tĭ-jĕn
cŏn-tră-LĂT-ĕr-ăl
măl- ĀZ
PRŌ-lăps

Copyright © 2008, 2005 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
*
Have students pronounce each term.
Which syllable is accented (stressed) in each of these terms?

*
*
*
*
Refer to page 109-110 for terms using these prefixes.
*
Refer to page 110 for terms using these prefixes.
*
Refer to page 111 for terms using these prefixes.
*
Refer to page 111-112 for terms using these prefixes.
*
Refer to page 112 for terms using these prefixes.
*
Refer to page 110 for terms using these prefixes.
*
Refer to page 113 for terms using these prefixes.
*
Refer to page 113-114 for terms using these prefixes.
*
Refer to page 113-114 for terms using these prefixes.
*
Correct Answer is C, Adductor (answer A is misspelled. B means a muscle that draws a limb away from the body. D is misspelled.
*
Correct Answer is A, dyspnea dys- means painful -pnea means breathing. Remember, medical terms do not need to have a root or combining form (as dyspnea, for example, has a prefix and a suffix.)
*
What is the function of adrenal glands?
What is adrenaline? What is another name for the term?
What was the first antibiotic? (penicillin)
What are some examples of autoimmune diseases? (rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Graves disease)
*
*
*
Antigen examples: poison, flu virus, bacterium
Immune reaction: reaction between an antigen and antibody
What is a common name for an immune reaction against normally non-threatening antigens?
*
Discuss how Rh condition occurs.
First pregnancy with Rh+ baby: baby is not affected but Rh- mother is sensitized
Second pregnancy with Rh+ baby baby develops hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN)
Symptom of HDN: Jaundice
How can the condition be prevented? (Prevent Rh condition with Rh immune globulin injection to Rh- woman within 72 hours of delivery, miscarriage, or abortion of an Rh+ fetus.)
*
*
Correct Answer is B, leukocytes or white blood cells. See page 116 in 8th edition for more information.
*
What is the function of adrenal glands?
What is adrenaline? What is another name for the term?
What was the first antibiotic? (penicillin)
What are some examples of autoimmune diseases? (rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Graves disease)
*
What are some examples of congenital anomalies?
What are some causes of nonhereditary congenital anomalies?
Give some examples that demonstrate contralateral.
What term means the same side? (ipsilateral)
*
See page 118 for more details
*
Correct Answer is D, fallopian tube. See page 118 for more detail.
*
What is the function of parathyroid hormone?
*
Describe the recombinant DNA technique used to manufacture insulin outside the body.
What is polymerase chain reaction (PCR)?
List a syndrome example (other than Reye syndrome and fetal alcohol syndrome), and ask students to list the symptoms.
What is parasitism?
*
What are some examples of symphysis?
*
*
Notice the facial features in the ultrasound image.
What is an echocardiogram?
*
*
Have students pronounce each term.
Which syllable is accented (stressed) in each of these terms?

Calculator

Calculate the price of your paper

Total price:$26
Our features

We've got everything to become your favourite writing service

Need a better grade?
We've got you covered.

Order your paper