Are/ecn 115a problem set 1: income, poverty & inequalityin rural


ARE/ECN 115A

 

 

PROBLEM SET 1: INCOME, POVERTY & INEQUALITYIN RURAL MEXICO

 

 

You conciliate use grounds from the 2008 Mexico National Rustic Free Scan to consider need in rustic Mexico.[1]You may claim that the grounds were generated from a absolute stray scantling in which the population of cause is all frees in rustic Mexico. For plainness, claim that each free has a one constituent. The free grounds rasp designated “Mexico Free Data” is proficonsultation on SmartSite.  This grounds set contains the forthcoming variables for the 1,437 scantlingd frees:

 

·         ID:  The free identifying code

·         Yi:The free’s pay in 2007, excluding empire remands

·         Ti: The aggregate of pay catching from the empire to free i

 

1.      What is your estimate of middle free pay excluding empire remandsfor rustic Mexico in 2007?  In sympathetic this inquiry, description the forthcoming:

 

a.       The scantling moderation, : ______

b.      The scantling antagonism, : ______

c.       The antagonism of the scantling moderation, : ______

d.      The scale fallacy of the scantling moderation, : ______

e.       The 95% dependence period of the scantling moderation, 95% C.I.: _________

 

2.      In the year of the scan, the per-capita aid need verse in rustic Mexico was 7,596 pesos.  Based on this aid need verse, estimate the need headcount renunciation and aggregate need gap. Below, description and briefly explain what each one moderations.

 

a.   The Need Headcount Index:

b.  The Aggregate Need Gap (not the renunciation):

c.   The Squared Need Gap Index:

 

Mexico has two deep empire programs that remand pay to rustic frees.  The primeval is PROCAMPO, which pays a unroving aggregate per acre to farmers who grew basic grains previous to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).  The aim of PROCAMPO was to reinstate pre-NAFTA output value maintenances, which were no longer undisputed adown NAFTA. The prevent is OPORTUNIDADES, a success program that gives payments to insufficient women granted that their conclusion are enrolled in schools and accept heartiness check-ups. Let’s overcome the frees that acceptd some remands Recipients andthose that acceptd no remands Non-Recipients.

 

3.      Fill in the consultation adown, where  now denotes free pay including empire remands.

 

 

Recipients

Non-Recipients

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

95% C.I.

 

 

 

4.      What is the separation in pay including remands between repository and non-repository frees?

 

a.       Income separation:

b.      Is this separation statistically indicative?  How do you understand?

c.       Is this separation economically indicative?  Briefly maintenance your exculpation.

 

5.      Compute the Gini renunciation for repository and non-repository frees. It would be easiest to use the Gini renunciation formula from page 121 of the Taylor &Lybbert citation. (Round-off to two decimal places)

 

a.       Gini renunciation for repositorys:

b.      Gini renunciation for non-recipients:

 

6.      Construct two Lorenz curves, one for repositorys and another for non-recipients. First, class the frees into filthy pay categories as defined adown. Complete the consultation, and then graph the two Lorenz curves in one graph (using surpass). Do not pretermit to comprise the sharp-end [0,0] in your graphs. When completing the consultation, entire to 1 decimal (i.e. 3.2%).

 

Recipients

Income Category

Cumulative % of Households

Cumulative % of Pay

1

25%

 

2

50%

 

3

75%

 

4

100%

 

 

Non-Recipients

Income Category

Cumulative % of Households

Cumulative % of Pay

1

25%

 

2

50%

 

3

75%

 

4

100%