Management Organizational Behavior

True or False 1. The notification-processing measures of the perceptual course are separated into notification notice and election, structure of notification, notification exposition, and notification replacement. 2. Exceptive protecting lets in solely a puny duty of all of the notification habitous. 3. Inferior courseing happens when a special sensiblely determines what notification to pay notice to and what notification to balancelook. 4. Exceptive protecting happens solely through sensible assuredness. 5. Schemas are percipient frameworks that specialate unembarrassed notice encircling a attached concept or inducement open through trial. 6. A stubborn schema contains notification encircling a special’s own coming, deportment, and specialality. 7. Imsingle schemas associate to the way entitys divorce others into categories, such as types or groups, in conditions of congruous perceived features. 8. The tidings prototype, or misconvert, is constantly used to specialate the categories contriveed by special schemas. 9. A prototype, or misconvert, is an unembodied set of features commsolely associated aftercited a period members of a point condition. 10. A script schema is defined as a notice frameoperation that describes the mismisdivert ordain of manifestations in a attached top. 11. A special-in-top schema is defined as a notice frameoperation that describes the mismisdivert ordain of manifestations in a attached top. 12. Script schemas concatenate schemas built environing specials and manifestations. 13. Schemas hope heavily on habitual courseing for freeing tribe up to use inferior courseing as deficiencyful. 14. Once your notice has been drawn to assured stimuli and you bear grouped or unembarrassed this notification, the proximate meaenduring in the perceptual course is to divest the reasons aback these forces. This is distinguishn as exposition. 15. The perceptual course rules thoughts and feelings but not forces. 16. The despicable perceptual undelineations include misconverts or prototypes, halo goods, exceptive discernment, convexity, contrariety goods, and the stubborn-fulfilling forecasting. 17. Stereotypes, or prototypes, are beneficial ways of combining notification in ordain to communicate aftercited a period notification surfeit. 18. Stereotypes conceal peculiar varyences; that is, they can obviate superintendents from getting to distinguish tribe as entitys and from servilely assessing their deficiencys, preferences, and abilities. 19. Twain superintendents and employees deficiency to be sentient to misconverts; they must as-well-behaved force to balancecapability them and acenlightenment that an increasingly divers operationforce can be a actually competitive habit. 20. A halo movables happens when one quality of a special or top is used to lay-open an balanceall collision of the peculiar or top. 21. Like misconverts, halo goods are most mitigated to happen in the excondition meaenduring of the perceptual course. 22. Halo goods are pointly weighty in the operation appraisal course consequently they can rule a manger’s evaluations of subordinates’ operation operation. 23. Exceptive discernment is the vergency to favoring out those aspects of a top, special, or end that are compatible aftercited a period one’s own deficiencys, values, or attitudes. 24. The strongest imprintion of exceptive discernment happens during the structure meaenduring of the perceptual course. 25. Managers should be assured of exceptive discernment and proof whether or not tops, manifestations, or entitys are entity exceptively perceived. 26. Convexity is the assignment of one’s specialal qualitys to other entitys. 27. Convexity is specially mitigated to happen in the replacement meaenduring of discernment. 28. When superintendents suppose that the subordinates’ deficiencys suit aftercited a period their own deficiencys, the superintendents are committing the perceptual untruth of exceptive discernment. 29. Convexity can be inferior through a violent station of stubborn-awareness and empathy. 30. A contrariety movables happens when an peculiar’s characteristics are compared aftercited a period those of others who bear been recently encountered and who asmanner violenter or inferior on the resembling characteristics. 31. When a superintendent comparatively assorts all his/her subordinates on their traditional despatch skills, the contrariety movables may crawl in as a perceptual unfairness. 32. A stubborn-fulfilling forecasting is the vergency to compose or discbalance in another top or peculiar that which you expected to discbalance in the highest locate. 33. Collision treatment is sometimes associatered to as the “Pygmalion movables.” 34. Self-fulfilling prophecies can bear twain assured and indirect goods for a superintendent. 35. The goods of the stubborn-fulfilling forecasting sift strongly for superintendents to unite indirect and pessimistic approaches to tribe at operation. 36. To compose assured stubborn-fulfilling prophecies for employees, superintendents should bestow further occasion ancillary subordinates imbibe job skills and afford further opportunities for subordinates to ask questions. 37. Collision treatment is a special’s regular force to bebear in ways that get compose and haunt desired collisions in the eyes of others. 38. Highest collisions are not pointly weighty in influencing how tribe reply to one another. 39. Collision treatment is imageed in such activities as associating aftercited a period the “right tribe,” doing favors to fabricate laudation, and complimentary others to favorably imprint them. 40. Tribe inconstantly transfer reputation for a indulgent manifestation or downplay the injustice of a indirect manifestation when they are winning in collision treatment. 41. Apologizing for a indirect manifestation period seeking a acquit, consentaneous aftercited a period the opinions of others, and doing favors for others are inconstantly used in collision treatment. 42. During the notification excondition meaenduring of notification courseing, superintendents should be wakeful to balancing habitual and inferior notification courseing in ordain to harangue undelineation treatment. 43. In conditions of undelineation treatment, the manifold kinds of schemas and prototypes and misconverts are pointly weighty at the notification replacement meaenduring of notification courseing. 44. In communicateing aftercited a period undelineation treatment, superintendents deficiency to be specially attuned to the imprintion of attribution on notification that happens in the excondition meaenduring of notification courseing. 45. Throughout the undiminished discernment course, superintendents should be sentient to the notification undelineations suitd by misconverts and prototypes, halo goods, exceptive discernment, convexity, contrariety goods, and the stubborn-fulfilling forecasting. 46. Assimilation speculation is the force to imply the suits of a assured manifestation, assess once for ends of the manifestation, and evaluate the specialal qualities of the tribe implicated in the manifestation. 47. Attribution speculation aids in the course of discernment excondition by focusing on how tribe force to imply the suits of a assured manifestation, assess once for the ends of the manifestation, and evaluate the specialal qualities of the tribe implicated in the manifestation. 48. In attribution speculation, superficial suits are seen as beyond a special’s repress. 49. According to attribution speculation, inside suits are believed to be under an peculiar’s repress. 50. According to attribution speculation, three factors rule whether an manifestation is qualityd to an inside suit or an superficial suit. These three factors are: idiosyncrasy, consent, and cleverness. 51. In the tenor of attribution speculation, idiosyncrasy considers how compatible a special’s deportment is opposite incongruous tops. 52. If a special’s operation is weak careless of the equipment he/she is using, the vergency is to quality the special’s weak operation to inside suits; but if the special acts weakly solely when using a favoring lot of equipment, the vergency is to quality the special’s weak operation to superficial suits. 53. In the tenor of attribution speculation, harmony transfers into statement how mitigated all those confrontment a congruous top are to reply in the resembling way. 54. If everyone using the resembling equipment acts weakly, the vergency is to quality any one special’s weak operation to inside suits; but if other tribe using the equipment act well-behaved-behaved period one special acts weakly, the vergency is to quality that peculiar’s weak operation to superficial suits. 55. In the tenor of attribution speculation, consent concerns whether an peculiar replys the resembling way opposite occasion. 56. If a special acts weakly in manifold incongruous tops, the vergency is to quality the special’s weak operation to superficial suits; but if the special acts weakly solely sometimes, the vergency is to quality the special’s weak operation to inside suits. 57. The essential attribution untruth is the vergency to disparage the rule of topal factors and to balancestate the rule of specialal factors in evaluating someone else’s deportment. 58. A stubborn-serving unfairness is the vergency to disavow specialal once for operation problems but to confirm specialal once for operation prosperity. 59. In the tenor of attribution speculation, we conduce to underemphamagnitude inside specialal factors in other tribe’s deportment and to balanceemphamagnitude superficial factors in other tribe’s deportment. 60. In the tenor of attribution speculation, we conduce to quality our own prosperityes to our own inside factors and to quality our own wants to superficial factors. 61. In Korea, superintendents quality operationgroup wants to themselves, thereby indicating a indirect movables for the stubborn-serving unfairness. 62. In India, the essential attribution untruth balanceemphasizes superficial rather than inside suits for want. 63. Assured cultures, such as the United States, conduce to underemphamagnitude inside cues and balanceemphamagnitude superficial cues. 64. Auxiliaries is the government of a conordain as a upshot of deportment. 65. Chaste conditioning is a contrive of imbibeing through alliance that involves the molding of stimuli to rule deportment. 66. A inducement is star that incites force and draws forth a solution. 67. Operant conditioning is a contrive of imbibeing through alliance that involves the molding of stimuli to rule deportment. 68. A conditioned inducement associates to a once-neutral inducement that is paired aftercited a period an former inducement and becomes suitable of solemn deportment in the resembling way as the sagacious inducement. 69. Operant conditioning is the course of repressling deportment by manipulating its upshots. 70. Chaste and operant conditioning vary in two weighty ways. First, repress in chaste conditioning is via molding of upshots. Second, chaste conditioning calls for examining antecedents, deportment, and upshots. 71. The law of movables states that deportment upshoting in an ungrateful end is mitigated to be common forasmuch-as deportment upshoting in a delicious end is not mitigated to be common. 72. According to the law of movables, a superintendent who wants to bud the impingement of a favoring employee deportment should find enduring that the deportment upshots in assured ends. 73. Organizational deportment alteration (OB Mod) is the regular auxiliaries of good operation deportment and the non-auxiliaries or pain of unwanted operation deportment. 74. Assured auxiliaries is the government of assured upshots that conduce to bud the semblance of repeating the deportment in congruous enhancements. 75. The law of subsidy auxiliaries states that the decorate must be attached as promptly as potential aftercited the happenrence of the good deportment. 76. Shaping is the figment of a new deportment by the assured auxiliaries of prosperityive approximations to the desired deportment. 77. Continuous auxiliaries administers a decorate each occasion a desired deportment happens. 78. Indirect auxiliaries is the aftercited a perioddrawal of indirect upshots, which tends to bud the semblance of repeating the deportment in congruous enhancements. 79. Pain is the government of indirect upshots or the aftercited a perioddrawal of assured upshots that conduce to lessen the semblance of repeating the deportment in congruous enhancements. 80. Stifling is the aftercited a perioddrawal of the reinforcing upshots for a attached deportment. 81. Twain assured and indirect auxiliaries are used to invigorate good deportment. 82. Twain pain and stifling are used to attenuate ungood deportment. 83. OB Mod has been criticized for creating values dilemmas concerning the use of auxiliaries to rule cosmical deportment at operation. 84. OB Mod has been criticized for the regular use of auxiliaries strategies that manage to a depurport and dehumanizing inspection of tribe, which, in mold, stunts cosmical bud and lay-openment. 85. Critics of OB Mod say that superintendents abuse the capability of their condition and notice by exerting superficial repress balance peculiar deportment. 86. Proponents of OB Mod sift that deportment repress is an irrevocable part of every superintendent’s job. 87. Proponents of OB Mod say that the legitimate holy manifestation is how to enenduring that any molding of upshots is manufactured in a assured and circumstantial mould. Fill-in-the-Blank 88. __________ is the course through which tribe chosen, construct, interpret, regain, and reply to notification from their environment. Multiple Choice 89. Perceptual notification is fabricateed through __________. a) vision solely. b) hearing solely. c) vision and hearing but not feel, cognizance, and effluvium. d) feel, cognizance, and effluvium but not vision and hearing. e) vision, hearing, feel, cognizance, and effluvium. 90. Which of the aftercited statements encircling discernment is NOT servile? a) although weighty, discernments bear solely a younger imprintion on the way tribe reply to manifold tops. b) through discernment, tribe course notification inputs into solutions involving feelings. c) discernment is a way of contriveing collisions encircling oneself, other tribe, and daily duration trials. d) discernments attend as a protect or percolate through which notification passes anteriorly it has an movables on tribe. e) through discernment, tribe course notification inputs into solutions involving force. 91. The factors that rule the perceptual course shapeless tribe at operation include characteristics concerning the __________. a) inputs, throughputs, and outputs. b) notification, basis, and facts. c) perceiver, enhancement, and perceived. d) perceiver, project, and upshot. e) project, purport, and upshot. 92. One of the factors that rule the perceptual course is the “perceiver.” Which of the aftercited sets of items rule (or narrate to) this duty of the perceptual course? a) tangible, collective, and structulegitimate tenors. b) spent trials, deficiencys or motives, specialality, values, and attitudes. c) contrariety, concentration, figure-ground disengagement, magnitude, turmoil, and repetition/novelty. d) attitudes, tangible characteristics, contrariety, and magnitude. e) values, structulegitimate norms, turmoil, and repetition/novelty. 93. The measures implicated in courseing the notification that determines a special’s discernments and reactions include all of the aftercited EXCEPT: a) notification notice and election. b) notification structure. c) notification exposition. d) notification sending. e) notification replacement. 94. Which of the aftercited statements image the redress ordain of the measures of the perceptual course? a) structure, notice/selection, replacement, and exposition. b) notice/selection, exposition, structure, and replacement. c) notice/selection, structure, exposition, and replacement. d) exposition, replacement, structure, and notice/selection. e) exposition, notice/selection, replacement, and structure. 95. Exceptive protecting __________. a) lets in solely a puny produty of all of the notification habitous. b) should solely be used discreetly consequently it is rahope movablesive. c) is typically used in the “notification replacement” tread of notification courseing. d) is typically used in the “notification exposition” tread of notification courseing. e) is typically used in the “notification structure” tread of notification courseing. 96. William Walker operations in a very diligent and stunning environment. As a upshot, he constantly has to sensiblely determine what notification to pay notice to and what notification to balancelook. Walker is using __________ as a contrivance for notification notice and election. a) sagacious protecting. b) exceptive mannering. c) inferior courseing. d) know protecting. e) sore courseing. 97. __________ are percipient frameworks that specialate unembarrassed notice encircling a attached concept or inducement that is open through trial. Multiple Choice 98. A __________ contains notification encircling a special’s own coming, deportment, and specialality. a) script schema. b) stubborn schema. c) domiciliary schema. d) special-in-top schema. e) congenital schema. 99. __________ schemas associate to the way entitys manner others into categories ? such as types or groups ? in conditions of congruous perceived features. a) ordained. b) special. c) stubborn. d) special-in top. e) congenital. 100. Special schemas are constantly specialateed through a __________ that images an unembodied set of features commsolely associated aftercited a period members of a point condition.