Introduction to Hospitality Unit VI

INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALITY

Unit VI

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Instructions

Part 1: Create a master plan with all the steps necessary for holding a meeting or seminar on careers in hospitality management.

Part 2: Create a plan for a local event in your area. List all the headings and formulate a budget.

Parts 1 and 2 should consist of no less than two pages each.

Course Textbook(s)

Walker, J. R. (2013). Introduction to hospitality management (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

BHM 3010, Introduction to Hospitality 1

Course Learning Outcomes for Unit VI

Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

8. Distinguish necessary components of management styles for successful travel industry professionals.
8.1 Determine the steps a meeting planner would have to follow when planning a meeting or a

seminar.
8.2 Create a complete plan for organizing an event utilizing the same steps that an event

planner would follow.

Reading Assignment

Chapter 12: Meetings, Conventions, and Expositions

Chapter 13: Special Events

Unit Lesson

This unit explores the adventurous part of the hospitality industry, since you never know what might come up.
A majority of people have attended an event, meeting, conference, workshop, convention, or focus group.
The behind the scenes activities, or what it takes to make these happen, is the focus of our studies. The
responsibilities of an event planner may include the coordination of meetings, events, conventions, and
smaller gatherings such as weddings, workshops, and even private fundraisers (Walker, 2013). This type of
position can create the perception of being exciting, preeminent, and even glamorous; however, the job can
be and usually is tedious and challenging, requiring long hours and dealing with clients’ demands.

To begin with, we will look at smaller get-togethers and the people who make them happen, and we will use a
company district meeting as an example. The assembly of various company associates from across a district
or state does not happen by itself. If the company is large enough, there is probably an individual such as a
coordinator that arranges the meeting location, travel plans, lodging, food, speakers, refreshments, and even
after-hours socials. If there is not an internal employee to handle this, then an event planner or meeting
planner may be involved. A professional planner will do the same tasks for a fee. This can be priced as an all-
inclusive package or by the number of people attending. There is a large market for these planners, especially
those with strong connections to vendors and contractors. A meeting requiring a venue for a minimum of 25
people can begin at $10,000 and go up. Consider the cost of the last wedding you went to, and think about
how much just the venue must have been.

To visualize the importance of event planning, take into account that the average cost of a wedding in 2014
was approximately $30,000 (Hicken, 2014). While this amount may seem outrageous, if you accumulate all
the costs included such as the venue, food, music, wedding attire, flowers, decorations, setup and
breakdown, cleanup, liquor, bartender, and cakes, it adds up quickly. Even the smallest of gatherings can
finalize with a larger number than budgeted, and they usually do. An event planner or coordinator, while also
costing a sum of money, can actually save money by taking the time to examine all costs and eliminate those
expenditures that are extraneous or have gotten out of hand. In other words, they pay for themselves in
money savings and in stress savings. As noted previously, there is a large market for these services, both for
commercial and private events. The planner generally bases their fee on duties assigned, and the larger the
event becomes, the more money the planner receives in remuneration.

As the events get larger, so do the companies/contractors that arrange it all. According to the American
Society of Association Executives (ASAE), there are over 90,000 trade and professional associations
conducting meetings and conventions (Walker, 2013). To meet this need, there are approximately 250,000
full and part time meeting planners working on the logistics of the meeting. The legalities are summarized in

UNIT VI STUDY GUIDE

Meetings, Conventions, and Special Events

BHM 3010, Introduction to Hospitality 2

UNIT x STUDY GUIDE

Title

an enforceable contract that binds the parties involved. This includes the offer, the consideration (payment),
and the signed acceptance. This is the most effective method of doing business. The execution of a contract
must be mandatory. The rights of both parties must be protected in order to avoid any type of litigation.

There are all different types of venues, such as convention centers, arenas, hotels, resorts, colleges,
churches, or just any place that has a space large enough for people to congregate. Almost all of these can
be utilized for a significant fee. The planning process will involve searching for and obtaining a venue that
meets the event size and requirements. Large conventions or workshops, which meet annually, can move
their meetings around the nation in order to accommodate their vast memberships. These meetings are
scheduled years in advance in order to verify and maintain a schedule of future meeting locations and dates
that can be publicized. Large convention centers usually have enormous areas that can be sectioned off into
smaller venues. These smaller areas can then be used for break-out sessions, workshops, dinners, or even
rented out to other organizations that could use that smaller space. Research a large city’s meeting sites,
such as convention centers, arenas, coliseums, and sports venues, and you will find lodging across the street
or even connected to these venues for the convenience of attendees. This is a hospitality sector that can be
very lucrative for an event planner. The event/meeting planner has a list of these venues along with contacts
which he or she will provide to a prospective client. Compensation will no doubt be delivered to an event
planner that coordinates a large event for a meeting center and/or hotel (Walker, 2013). The possibilities can
be considered extraordinary for these meeting and event planners.

Special events planners are also recognized as meeting and convention planners in the industry (W alker,
2013). The qualifications for event planner jobs can vary, depending on the size and scope of the events
being planned. Some experience is almost always required. Professional certification is available from various
industry organizations and clubs. The career opportunities for event and meeting planners offer numerous
paths as this field has been growing. As in a management position, the skills required are the same:
leadership, communication, project management, negotiation, budgeting, and strong social skills.

Walker (2013) states that a beginner’s list of event planner job duties will include the following:

 preparing budget;

 establishing dates;

 selecting venue/sites;

 making reservations;

 creating event theme;

 choosing the décor;

 arranging décor, tents, tables, and chairs;

 coordinating transportation;

 choosing caterers;

 assisting in the guest list development;

 supervising outside contractors;

 arranging decorations;

 ensuring health and safety processes;

 selecting extra workers—valets, servers;

 hiring disc-jockey and/or music;

 obtaining and selecting key note speaker;

 hiring the security officers;

 communicating that all customer expectations are met; and

 there are many more!

In the hospitality industry, there are several related functions that can meld into the career of an event
planner. Walker (2013) gives us just a few of the necessary attributes:

 ability to work well under pressure,

 possess excellent communication skills,

 possesses effective management and organizational skills,

 is focused and passionate about event planning,

 works and creates a team environment, and

 detail oriented and can meet deadlines.

BHM 3010, Introduction to Hospitality 3

UNIT x STUDY GUIDE
Title

There are numerous event planner associations that provide invaluable information and industry foundational
materials. These include contract and legal agreements, insurance providers, business development
assistance, and training—all for developing a profitable and viable business. These industry associations also
provide continuing educational-development opportunities and support services. The networking options are
invaluable, allowing members to compare and contrast experiences, develop insights, observe new and
valuable ways to build their business, and see just how those challenges can be solved in differing manners.

This is a sampling of the event planner associations that persist in the development of the market:

 Event Supplier and Services Association,

 National Association of Casino and Theme Party Operators,

 National Association of Mobile Entertainers,

 National Limousine Association,

 National Speakers Association,

 Society of American Florists,

 Alliance of Meeting Management Companies,

 Meeting Professionals International,

 American Disc Jockey Association,

 American Floral Industry Association,

 American Institute of Floral Designers,

 American Rental Association,

 American Culinary Association,

 Entertainment Services Technical Association,

 International Cake Exploration Societé,

 International Food Service Executives Association,

 International Association of Culinary Professionals,

 International Caterers Association, and

 National Restaurant Association.

References

Hicken, M. (2014, March 28). Average wedding bill hits $30,000. CNNMoney. Retrieved from

http://money.cnn.com/2014/03/28/pf/average-wedding-cost/

Walker, J. R. (2013). Introduction to hospitality management (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice

Hall.

Suggested Reading

Click here to view the Chapter 12 PowerPoint presentation or here to view a PDF of the presentation.

Click here to view the Chapter 13 PowerPoint presentation or here to view a PDF of the presentation.

Using the Business Source Complete database in the CSU Online Library, please locate and read the
following articles:

Bates, B. N. (2014). An event to remember: Corporate event planning tips from a taste of excellence. Smart

Business Akron/Canton, 24(5), 22-25.

Bazadona, D. (2014). Keeping live alive. Adweek, 55(32), 14.

The ROI of live event marketing. (2014). Promotional Marketing, 1.

https://online.columbiasouthern.edu/bbcswebdav/xid-73721302_1

https://online.columbiasouthern.edu/bbcswebdav/xid-73721320_1

https://online.columbiasouthern.edu/bbcswebdav/xid-73721303_1

https://online.columbiasouthern.edu/bbcswebdav/xid-73721321_1

Meetings,

Conventions, and Expositions

Chapter 12

John R. Walker

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e
and

Introduction to Hospitality Management, 4e

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to

Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker

© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc

Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Development of the Industry

• People have gathered to attend meetings,

conventions, and expositions since the ancient

times

– Mainly for social, sporting, political, or

religious purposes

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Development of the Industry

• Associations go back many centuries to the

Middle Ages and before

– The guilds in Europe were created during the

Middle Ages to secure proper wages and

maintain work standards

– Associations began in the United States at the

beginning of the eighteenth century, when

Rhode Island candle makers organized

themselves

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Development of the Industry

• Meetings, incentive travel, conventions,

and exhibitions (MICE) represent a

segment of the tourism industry that has

grown in recent years

• MICE tourists spend about twice the

amount of money that other tourists spend

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Size and Scope of the Industry

• According to the American Society of

Association Executives (ASAE) there are

about 90,908 trade and professional

associations.

• Associations spend billions holding thousands

of Ameetings and conventions that attract

millions of attendees

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Size and Scope of the Industry

• Associations are the main independent political

force for industries such as hospitality, offering

the following benefits:

– Governmental/political voice

– Marketing avenues

– Education

– Member services

– Networking

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Key Players in the Industry

• The major players in the convention industry are

convention and visitors bureaus (CVBs),

meeting planners and their clients, the

convention centers, specialized services, and

exhibitions

• CVB’s are major participants in the meetings,

conventions, and expositions market.

– The IACVB describes a CVB as a not-for-profit

umbrella organization that represents an urban

area and that tries to solicit business or pleasure-

seeking visitors.

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Key Players in the Industry

• Enhance the image of tourism in the local/city area

• Market the area and encourage people to visit and
stay longer

• Encourages associations and others to hold
meetings, conventions, and trade shows in the area
it represents

• Assists associations and others with preparations
and lends support

• Encourages tourists to partake of the historic,
cultural, and recreational opportunities the city or
area has to offer

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Key Players in the Industry

• Primary outcome of the bureau is to generate

and increase revenues of a city

• A number of bureaus have offices or

representatives in many cities or a sales team to

make follow-up visits to the leads generated in

trade shows

• The sales manager will invite the meeting,

convention, or exposition organizer to make a

familiarization (FAM) trip for a site inspection

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Key Players in the Industry
Convention Center Utilization Figure 12-1

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Destination Management Companies

• Service organizations within the visitor
industry that offers a host of programs and
services to meet clients’ needs

• Initially, a destination management sales
manager concentrates on selling the
destination to meeting planners and
performance improvement companies
(incentive houses)

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Destination Management Companies

• DMCs work closely with hotels; sometimes a

DMC books rooms, and another time a hotel

might request the DMC’s expertise on

organizing theme parties.

• A DMC does everything, including airport

greetings, transportation to the hotel, VIP

check-in, arranging theme parties,

sponsoring programs, organizing competitive

sports events, and so on, depending on

budget.

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Meeting Planners

• May be independent contractors who contract

out their services to both associations and

corporations as the need arises or they may be

full-time employees of corporations or

associations

• According to the International Convention

Management Association (ICMA), about 212,000

full- and part-time meeting planners work in the

United States.

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Service Contractors

• The individual responsible for providing all of the

services needed to run the facilities for a trade

show

• Hired by the exposition show manager or

association meeting planner

• The service contractor is a part of the facilities

management team, and, to use the facility, the

sponsor must use its service contractor.

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Types of Meetings

• Clinic: Workshop-type educational experience in which

attendees learn by doing

• Forum: An assembly for the discussion of common

concerns

• Seminar: A lecture and a dialogue that allow participants

to share experiences in a particular field

• Symposium: An event at which a particular subject is

discussed by experts and opinions are gathered

• Workshop: A small group led by a facilitator or trainer

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Types of Meetings

• The purpose of a meeting is to affect behavior

• Meetings are set up according to the wishes of

the client. The three main types of meeting

setups are:

• Theatre style:

– Large audience that does not need notes

• Classroom setup:

– Meeting setup is instructional

– Workshop style

• Boardroom setup:

– Small numbers of people

– Meeting takes place around one block rectangular table

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Association Meetings

• Every year there are thousands of association

meetings that spend millions of dollars

sponsoring many types of meetings, including

regional, special interest, education, and board

meetings

• Things at the top of the list of places for an

association meeting planner to choose from

include the destination’s availability of hotel and

facilities, ease of transportation, distance from

attendees, transportation costs, and food and

beverage

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Conventions and Expositions

• Conventions are larger meetings with some form

of exposition or trade show included

• The majority are held in large hotels over a 3-5

day period

• A number of associations have one or more

conventions per year. These conventions raise a

large part of the association’s budget

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Conventions and Expositions

• Expositions are events that bring together sellers

of products and services at a location where

they can show their products and services to a

group of attendees at a convention or trade

show

• Exhibitors are an essential component of the

industry because they pay to exhibit their

products to the attendees.

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Types of Associations

• An association is an organized body that exhibits

some variety of volunteer leadership structure,

which may employ an activity or purpose that the

leadership shares in common.

• The association is generally organized to

promote and enhance that common interest,

activity, or purpose

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Types of Associations

• The Middle Ages found associations in the form

of guilds, which were created to ensure proper

wages were received and to maintain work

standards.

• Many of today’s associations have their roots in

ancient times:

– Trade association

– Professional association

– Medical and scientific association

– Religious organizations

– Government organizations

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Types of Meetings

• Annual meetings

• Board, committee, seminars and workshops,
professional and technical meetings

• Corporate meetings, conventions, and
expositions

• Social, military, educational, religious, and
fraternal groups (SMERF)

• Incentive meetings

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Meeting Planning

• Meeting planning includes not only the planning

but also the successful holding of the meeting

and the post-meeting evaluations

• Before a meeting planner can start planning a

meeting, a needs analysis is done to determine

the purpose and desired outcome of a meeting

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Meeting Planning

• Needs analysis

• Budget

• Request for

proposal

• Site inspection

• Selection

• Negotiation

Contracts

• Pre-meeting

activities
– Plan agenda

– Set budget

– Negotiate contracts

• On-site activities

• Post meetings

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Contracts

• The contract is a legal document that binds two

or more parties

• Essential elements:

– Offer

– Consideration

– Acceptance

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Conference Event Order

• A conference event order has all the information

necessary for all department employees to be

able to refer to for details of:

– the setup (times and layout)

– the conference itself (arrival, meal times)

– what food and beverages are to be served

– and the cost of items so that the billing can be

done.

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Venues for Meetings,

Conventions, and Expos

• City Centers

• Convention Centers

• Conference Centers

• Hotels and Resorts

• Cruise Ships

• Colleges and Universities

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Sustainable Meetings,

Conventions, and Expositions

• The meetings industry is becoming more

responsible in its environmental stewardship,

and it makes economic sense to do so.

• Companies that choose to do so are reporting

higher gross margins, higher return on sales,

higher return on assets, and a stronger cash

flow within its own organization

• Convention centers are going green by reducing

the heat, light, and power consumption

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Trends

• More people are going abroad to attend meetings

• Some international shows do not travel very well (i.e.,
agricultural machinery); thus, organizations such as
Bleinheim & Reed Exposition Group airlift components
and create shows in other countries

• Competitiveness has increased among all destinations
Convention centers will expand and new centers will
come online

• The industry needs to be more sophisticated—the need
for fiber optics is present everywhere

• Compared to a few years ago, large conventions are not
as well attended and regional conventions have more
attendees

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

The End

Special Events

Chapter 13

John R. Walker

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e
and

Introduction to Hospitality Management, 4e

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to

Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker

© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc

Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

What Event Planners Do

• Event planning is a general term that refers to a
career path in the growing field of special

events

• Its forecast includes a growing demand for
current and future employment opportunities

• The title event planner was first introduced at
hotels and convention centers

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
What Event Planners Do

• Person responsible for planning the event from
start to finish

– Setting the date and location

– Advertising the event

– Providing refreshments

– Arranging catering, speakers, or
entertainment

• There is variety of skills

needed

to be an
effective planner

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Event Management

• Requires vision and leader-manager skills

• Key result areas:

– Marketing

– Financial

– Operational

– Legal

• To gain business, event managers prepare a

proposal for the client’s approval and contract

signature

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Event Management

• Sponsorships are important in event management

• Sponsors provide money or in-kind contributions

and in return receive recognition including use or

display of their logo’s

• Sponsors expect something in return for their

financial contribution

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Event Management

• Events can be costly

– In addition to advertising, there is a location charge,
security costs, labor costs, and production costs

– Usually, the event manager has a good estimate of
the number of ticket sales expected

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Event Management

• Event management also takes place at

convention centers and hotels, where event

managers handle all the arrangements after the

sales manager has completed the contract

• The booking manager is critical to the success of

the event by booking the correct space and

working with the organizers to help them save

money by allocating only the space really

needed

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

The Event Planning Process
Figure13-1

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Event Planning

• The first stage of event planning is the research
stage and should answer the following
questions:
– Why should a special event be held?

– Who should hold it?

– Where should it be held?

– What should be the focus of the event?

– What outcomes are expected?

• Second stage:
– Design:

• Allows freedom in creativity and the implementation
of new ideas that support the objectives of the
special event

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Event Planning

• Third Stage:

– Planning:
• Determine budget

• Selection of event site

• Selection of accommodations

• Travel arrangements

• Negotiate contracts

• Arrange catering

• Arrange entertainment, speaker, music

• Audiovisual needs

• Create marketing plan

• Prepare invitations and event packets

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Event Planning

• Coordination:

– This may be a stressful time due to unforeseen

problems occurring, or it may be a truly rewarding

time with a flawless execution

– Involves decision-making skills and abilities as the

event progresses

• Evaluation:

– Should take place during each of the stages of the

event planning process, and is a final step that can

measure the success of the event in meeting the

goals and objectives

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Challenges and Tools for

Event Planners and Managers

• Time management

• Financial management

• Technology

• Effective human resource management

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Classifications of Special Events

• Corporate events:

– Annual meetings, sales meetings, new product

launches, training meetings and workshops,

management meetings, press meetings, incentive

meetings, and awards ceremonies

– Continues to lead the event business industry

• Association Events:

– Range from a monthly luncheon to a yearly

convention

– Planned 2–5 years in advance

– Destination is the determining factor

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Classifications of Special Events

• Charity balls and fundraising events:

– Unique opportunity for the event manager to

work with the particular group or charity

– Normally, a theme is chosen for the event

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Classifications of Special Events

• Social Functions:

– Weddings, engagement parties, and holiday

functions

– Planners or managers work on a broad variety of

events

– SMERF (social, military, educational, religious, and

fraternal organizations) is a

category

of

organizations that fall into the social events

category

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Classifications of Special Events

• Fairs and Festivals:

– Purpose of most fairs in the United States is

usually related to the agriculture industry

– Festivals are planned events that are often

themed to the celebration’s purpose

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Classifications of Special Events

• Concerts and sporting events:

– Many concerts are planned as fund-

raisers

– Opening ceremonies, halftime, and

post-game shows for sporting events

provide another “arena” for an event

manager to select as a career path

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Classifications of Special Events

• Mega Sporting Events:

– Mostly sporting events

• The Olympics

• The World Cup

• The Super Bowl

• The World Series

• The Masters

• The U.S. Open

• The British Open

• US PGA Championship

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Required Skills and Abilities for

Event Management
• Leadership skills

• Ability to communicate with other departments

• Delegating

• Project management skills

• Negotiation skills

• Coordinating and delegation skills

• Budgeting skills

• Ability to multi-task

• Enthusiasm

• Effective social skills

• Ability to form contacts

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Special Event Organizations

• International Festivals and Events Association:

– Provides fund-raising and modern developmental
ideas to the special events industry

• Certified Festival and Event Executive: Training to enhance
the level of festival management training

• Meeting Planners International:

– Empowers meeting professionals to increase their
strategic value through education, clearly defined
career pathways, and business growth opportunities
(MPI Website)

– Offers 2 programs:
• Certified Meeting Professional
• Certification in Meeting Management

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Special Event Organizations

• Hospitality Sales and Marketing Association

International (HSMAI) is the largest and most

active travel industry sales and marketing

membership organization in the world, with over

7,000 members in 47 chapters from 12 countries

• HSMAI’s mission is to be the leading source for

sales and marketing information, knowledge,

business development, and networking for

professionals in tourism, travel, and hospitality

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
Special Event Organizations

• Local Convention and Visitors Bureaus:
– Not-for-profit organizations

– Primary functions:

• Encourage groups to hold meetings,
conventions, and trade shows in the city or
area it represents

• Assist those groups with meeting
preparations during the event

• Encourage tourists to visit the historic,
cultural, and recreational opportunities the
destination offers

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Sustainability in Special Events

• Britain has recently developed a system of

standards for event management, which highlights

policies and procedures necessary to implement

sustainability. Event managers can use these

standards as a benchmark for how to train

employees on proper sustainable practices before,

during, and after events

• Sustainable event tourism refers to the

implementation of practices and procedures which

help conserve both the natural environment and the

special event space

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

The Special Events Job Market

• Allow yourself to gain all the experience you can

in the food and beverage aspect of the

hospitality industry

• The next step is obtaining a sales position

• Laterally move to a catering sales position within

a hotel

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved
The Special Events Job Market

• Now you can pursue several different angles:

– A promotion to a convention service manager within
a hotel

– Moving into off-premise catering as a sales
consultant

– Joining a production company

– Affiliating yourself with a destination management
company (DMC)

• After another 2 years creating and selling your
heart out, you will be ready for the big leagues!

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

Trends

• The special event industry is forecasted to grow,
as clients want ever more spectacular events

• Events are increasingly more complex involving
multimedia presentations, elaborate staging, and
frequently upscale food and beverage service

• Technology presents both an opportunity and a
challenge—an opportunity in that it can facilitate
event planning and management and a
challenge in that new software programs must
be mastered

Introduction to Hospitality, 6e and Introduction to
Hospitality Management, 4e – Walker
© 2013 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

The End

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SAFEASSIGNCHECKTEST – CSU SAFEASSIGN PLAGIARISM CHECK TOOL

SafeAssign Originality Report Generator III
Julio Tellechea
on Sun, Jan 26 2020, 7:59 AM

37% highest match
Submission ID: 5ad79a29-15d2-40eb-ad0e-6011fc12bdee

Attachments (1)

Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x

Running head: 1 HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT 1

HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT 7

2 CAREERS IN HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT

Julio A. Tellechea

3 INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALITY (BHM 3010) PROFESSOR: Karen Francisco

4 COLUMBIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY

26 January 2020

2 CAREERS IN HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT

Part 1: 5 CREATING A MASTER PLAN

(http://safeassign.blackboard.com/)

Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
Word Count: 1,397
Attachment ID: 2500953028

37%

http://safeassign.blackboard.com/

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Whenever an event is set to take place in a certain place, it requires effective planning to ensure all

activities take place in order. Prior preparation and planning will not only accomplish the targeted

success and tasks but also it necessary to manage time and resources. For this purpose, before

organizing a seminar or meeting on a career in hospitality management, creating a master plan is

crucial. Hospitality Management is a very critical area of the service industry with wide careers

ranging from tourism, hotel, transport, food, and event planning, to mention a few (Walker, 2013).

It, therefore, means when creating a plan, it should be well organized to show what is expected to

happen and at what time. 4 HAVING THAT IN MIND, THE TENACITY OF THIS PAPER

WILL BE TO CREATE A MASTER PLAN OUTLINING ALL STEPS NECESSARY IN

HOLDING A MEETING OR SEMINAR ON CAREERS IN HOSPITALITY

MANAGEMENT.

The first step is the establishment of a planning timetable. This timetable outlays the various duties

which should be done and makes sure that they are conducted for the success and smooth running

of the seminar. It includes choosing the key speakers in accordance with the topics aimed to be

discussed in the meeting, ensuring all meetings are attended and planned, and lastly, handing over

relevant publications. It ensures there is order since it is essential for the successful outcome of the

seminar. Additionally, the planning timetable will help to designate and choose the team roles and

responsibilities effectively.

The second step is setting goals and objectives. The management of the seminar sets unique

objectives and communicates them promptly to the rest of the team to avoid mistakes or confusion.

The set objectives include specifying the vision, mission, and targeted numbers of attendees to the

planned seminar. The proposed budget is then set and implemented. Effective communication of

the goals and objectives helps in the timely budgeting and assessing the possibility of seeking

potential sponsors for the seminar.

The step that follows is time allocation. Time allocation will include but not limited to the time the

whole seminar will run and the time each speaker should take after the other. Effective time

allocation helps prevent time wastage. Additionally, since Hospitality Management is diverse,

attendants might also collect as much information as possible, thus help enhance decision making.

An effective time setting also gives attendees breaks at different intervals during the seminar.

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Setting to the seminar date and time also sought to have a backup if the first one bounce due to

venue issues.

Location choosing and the setting is the other step. The seminar’s venue ought to go in line with the

event’s purposed attendants, vision, and mission. It thus means the proposed venues ought to be

encompassed for the attendants, both owners and students aiming to promote their business as

well as the budget and management according to (Walker, 2013). Additionally, the relevant

infrastructure needs to be put into consideration to avoid insecurity or other failures. Assessing

possible risks is critical, especially if the event is to be conducted outdoor. If there are worries about

the place, insurance is set for all stakeholders in the event.

The last step is assessing all required materials throughout the general process. Although

assessment, in most cases, falls under budgeting, putting into consideration this step is important.

It helps to ensure that all the requirements of the seminar are acquired and put into consideration.

Some of the necessities include publications for different public address systems, careers in the

event, and the number of expected attendants and the necessary type of infrastructure. Finally, in

this step is crosschecking of whether everything is in order as the meeting or seminar approaches is

vital to escape any inconveniences. It is then paramount to promote and market the event.

Part 2: 5 CREATING PLAN FOR A LOCAL EVENT

Maxima Incorporation Annual Meeting of 5th February 2020

Introduction

The Maxima Incorporation annual meeting will be held in Long Beach on the 5th of February 2020,

starting at 0700 hours up to 1500 hours. 1 THE FOCUS OF THE MEETING IS TO BRING

TOGETHER BUSINESS-ORIENTED MINDS TO POINT OUT IDEAS AND GET

EDUCATED MORE ON THE AVAILABLE OPPORTUNITIES AND HOW TO UTILIZE

THEM. MAXIMA INCORPORATION WAS CREATED BY A TEAM OF TWELVE

VIBRANT MEN WITH A VISION TO BRING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT TO THEIR

RESIDENT AND FELLOW MEN.

Event overview

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The essential goal of the occasion is to bring to the table greater venture thoughts from different

individuals from this community. It likewise targets generating funds for future businesses in the

region by leading fundraising activities each year despite the fact that they have yearly

commitments. The essential partners are the fruitful nearby business people and furthermore the

region head of organizations

Development Plan

The gathering desires to assemble a business network that will develop and make greater work

opening doors for their young people. The majority of the individuals from this group are from the

area; thus, any development and sudden meetings can be undoubtedly dealt with. The closeness of

each part will likewise guarantee extraordinary promise to the group as they self-spur one another.

Event Requirements

1 THE GROUP HAS AGREED WITH THE LOCAL HEADQUARTERS FOR THIS

SPECIFIC DATE EACH YEAR TO BOOK THE GROUNDS TO HOLD THEIR MEETING.

The payment is made every year after the affirmation of the meeting. No lodging is required as it is

a one-day occasion, and the vast majority of the individuals are from the locale. Delicious Catering

Services, Inc. has been hired to provide food for the whole event. They are members of the group;

thus, no much cost will be acquired apart from the nourishment items. 1 ALL POWERING,

SOUND, VISION, LIGHTING, ARRANGING, FENCING, AND SECURITY IS PAID FOR

AND THUSLY OFFERED BY THE LONG BEACH SOUNDS. They additionally accommodate

Wi-Fi inclusion in the scene. 1 VIDEO GENERATION WILL BE FINISHED BY KODAK

PRODUCTIONS AT THE AGREED EXPENSES. OTHER PERMITS AND LEGAL

REQUIREMENTS NEEDED TO HOLD THIS EVENT HAVE BEEN GRANTED BY THE

RESPECTIVE AUTHORITIES.

MARKETING AND COMMUNICATIONS THIS GROUP HAS AN ACTIVE ACCOUNT

ON FACEBOOK, TWITTER, AND INSTAGRAM WITH THE HANDLE MAXIMA

INCORPORATION, WHICH IS MANAGED BY ONE OF THE MEMBERS. Also, it will

produce fliers close to the occasion day and disseminate them to occupants welcoming more

individuals. All participants will appreciate the awesome experience of associating on one with a

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portion of the extraordinary and effective business minds in the nation, presenting them to better

chances. They will likewise appreciate the provision of free nourishment and refreshments. The

occasion targets having a hundred percent participation, and hence having it in February when the

vast majority are out to start redeeming their year resolutions makes it prone to be accomplished.

The spot of the occasion is at a focal area, making it helpful and effectively available to any

intrigued individual.

1 FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS AND PLAN THE GROUP ITSELF FUNDS THE EVENT.

THE FUNDS ARE RAISED FROM THE MONTHLY FEES PAID BY EACH MEMBER TO

JOIN OR TO STAY IN THE GROUP. IT ALSO GENERATES OTHER FUNDS FROM

TICKET SALES FOR THOSE ATTENDING THIS EVENT, DEPENDING ON THE

PROVIDENCES FOR EACH EVENT. Exhibitions, grants, and sponsorship from well-wishers

are other sources of income.

1 BUDGET PLAN BUDGET SUMMARY

Total expenses

1 BUDGET EXPENSES ACTUAL EXPENSES

$200,200 Venue $50,000 $50,000

1 TOTAL ACTUAL INCOME DÉCOR $30,000 $30,000

$500,500 Food and beverage $35,000 $ 34,000

1 BALANCE ENTERTAINMENT $6,000 $6,000

$300,300 Event documentation $5,000 $4,600

1 REGISTRATIONS $0 $0

COMMUNICATIONS $0 $0

Marketing/advertising $3,900 $4,700

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1 GUEST SERVICE $0 $0

LOGISTICS $0 $0

Other $7,000 $3,700

Total $136,900 $133,000

1 FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS AND PLAN THE GROUP ITSELF FUNDS THE EVENT.
THE FUNDS ARE RAISED FROM THE MONTHLY FEES PAID BY EACH MEMBER TO
JOIN OR TO STAY IN THE GROUP. IT ALSO GENERATES OTHER FUNDS FROM
TICKET SALES FOR THOSE ATTENDING THIS EVENT, DEPENDING ON THE
PROVIDENCES FOR EACH EVENT. Exhibitions, grants, and sponsorship from well-wishers
are other sources of income.

References

Walker, J. R. (2013). 6 INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT (4TH ED.).

UPPER SADDLE RIVER, NJ: Pearson.

Citations (6/6)

Matched Text

1 Another student’s paper

2 Another student’s paper

3 Another student’s paper

4 Another student’s paper

5 Another student’s paper

6 Another student’s paper

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Suspected Entry: 64% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT 1

Source – Another student’s paper
HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT 1 HOSPITALITY
MANAGEMENT 2

Suspected Entry: 62% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
THE FOCUS OF THE MEETING IS TO BRING
TOGETHER BUSINESS-ORIENTED MINDS TO POINT
OUT IDEAS AND GET EDUCATED MORE ON THE
AVAILABLE OPPORTUNITIES AND HOW TO UTILIZE
THEM

Source – Another student’s paper
The function is aimed at bringing together business
oriented minds to educate more on the available
opportunities and how to make the best out of them

Suspected Entry: 68% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
MAXIMA INCORPORATION WAS CREATED BY A
TEAM OF TWELVE VIBRANT MEN WITH A VISION TO
BRING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT TO THEIR
RESIDENT AND FELLOW MEN

Source – Another student’s paper
Power business was created by a team of ten vibrant
women with a vision to bring economic development to
their neighborhood and fellow women

Suspected Entry: 63% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
THE GROUP HAS AGREED WITH THE LOCAL
HEADQUARTERS FOR THIS SPECIFIC DATE EACH
YEAR TO BOOK THE GROUNDS TO HOLD THEIR
MEETING

Source – Another student’s paper
Event Requirements The group has made agreements
with the collective HQ for this particular date every year
to book the grounds to hold their meeting

Suspected Entry: 70% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
ALL POWERING, SOUND, VISION, LIGHTING,
ARRANGING, FENCING, AND SECURITY IS PAID

Source – Another student’s paper
All powering, sound, vision, lighting, staging, fencing, and
security is paid for and therefore offered by the collective
HQ

1/26/2020 SafeAssign Originality Report

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FOR AND THUSLY OFFERED BY THE LONG BEACH
SOUNDS

Suspected Entry: 68% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
VIDEO GENERATION WILL BE FINISHED BY KODAK
PRODUCTIONS AT THE AGREED EXPENSES

Source – Another student’s paper
Video production will be done by Kodak productions at
the agreed costs

Suspected Entry: 87% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
OTHER PERMITS AND LEGAL REQUIREMENTS
NEEDED TO HOLD THIS EVENT HAVE BEEN
GRANTED BY THE RESPECTIVE AUTHORITIES

Source – Another student’s paper
All the legal requirements and permits required to hold
this event have been granted by the respective
authorities

Suspected Entry: 76% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
MARKETING AND COMMUNICATIONS THIS GROUP
HAS AN ACTIVE ACCOUNT ON FACEBOOK,
TWITTER, AND INSTAGRAM WITH THE HANDLE
MAXIMA INCORPORATION, WHICH IS MANAGED BY
ONE OF THE MEMBERS

Source – Another student’s paper
Marketing and Communications The group has an active
account on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram going by
@power_business that is managed by one of the
members

Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS AND PLAN THE GROUP
ITSELF FUNDS THE EVENT

Source – Another student’s paper
Financial Plan and Projections The group itself funds the
event

Suspected Entry: 89% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x Source – Another student’s paper

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THE FUNDS ARE RAISED FROM THE MONTHLY
FEES PAID BY EACH MEMBER TO JOIN OR TO STAY
IN THE GROUP

The funds are raised at first from the individual monthly
fees that are paid by each member to join or to stay in
the group

Suspected Entry: 78% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
IT ALSO GENERATES OTHER FUNDS FROM TICKET
SALES FOR THOSE ATTENDING THIS EVENT,
DEPENDING ON THE PROVIDENCES FOR EACH
EVENT

Source – Another student’s paper
Power business also generates it funds from the ticket
sales for the attendance of this event which changes
depending on the providences for each event

Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
BUDGET PLAN BUDGET SUMMARY

Source – Another student’s paper
Budget plan Budget Summary

Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
BUDGET EXPENSES ACTUAL EXPENSES

Source – Another student’s paper
Budget expenses Actual expenses

Suspected Entry: 72% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
TOTAL ACTUAL INCOME DÉCOR $30,000 $30,000

Source – Another student’s paper
Total Actual Income Décor $22,000 $22,000

Suspected Entry: 63% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
BALANCE ENTERTAINMENT $6,000 $6,000

Source – Another student’s paper
Balance Entertainment $5,000 $5,000

Suspected Entry: 100% match

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Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
REGISTRATIONS $0 $0

Source – Another student’s paper
Registrations $0 $0

Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
COMMUNICATIONS $0 $0

Source – Another student’s paper
Communications $0 $0

Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
GUEST SERVICE $0 $0

Source – Another student’s paper
Guest service $0 $0

Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
LOGISTICS $0 $0

Source – Another student’s paper
Logistics $0 $0

Suspected Entry: 100% match
Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS AND PLAN THE GROUP
ITSELF FUNDS THE EVENT
Source – Another student’s paper
Financial Plan and Projections The group itself funds the
event
Suspected Entry: 89% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
THE FUNDS ARE RAISED FROM THE MONTHLY
FEES PAID BY EACH MEMBER TO JOIN OR TO STAY
IN THE GROUP

Source – Another student’s paper
The funds are raised at first from the individual monthly
fees that are paid by each member to join or to stay in
the group

1/26/2020 SafeAssign Originality Report

https://online.columbiasouthern.edu/webapps/mdb-sa-bb_bb60/originalityReportPrint?course_id=_65335_1&download=true&print=true&includeDel… 11/12

Suspected Entry: 78% match
Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
IT ALSO GENERATES OTHER FUNDS FROM TICKET
SALES FOR THOSE ATTENDING THIS EVENT,
DEPENDING ON THE PROVIDENCES FOR EACH
EVENT
Source – Another student’s paper
Power business also generates it funds from the ticket
sales for the attendance of this event which changes
depending on the providences for each event
Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
CAREERS IN HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT

Source – Another student’s paper

careers in hospitality management

Suspected Entry: 100% match
Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
CAREERS IN HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT
Source – Another student’s paper
careers in hospitality management

Suspected Entry: 79% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALITY (BHM 3010)
PROFESSOR

Source – Another student’s paper
BHM 3010, Introduction to Hospitality 3

Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
COLUMBIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY

Source – Another student’s paper
COLUMBIA SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY

Suspected Entry: 77% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
HAVING THAT IN MIND, THE TENACITY OF THIS
PAPER WILL BE TO CREATE A MASTER PLAN

Source – Another student’s paper
In this assignment, I will create a master plan with all the
steps necessary for holding a meeting or seminar on

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OUTLINING ALL STEPS NECESSARY IN HOLDING A
MEETING OR SEMINAR ON CAREERS IN
HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT

careers in hospitality management
Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
CREATING A MASTER PLAN

Source – Another student’s paper
Creating a Master Plan

Suspected Entry: 67% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
CREATING PLAN FOR A LOCAL EVENT

Source – Another student’s paper
Creating a Plan in the Local Area

Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
INTRODUCTION TO HOSPITALITY MANAGEMENT
(4TH ED.)

Source – Another student’s paper
Introduction to hospitality management (4th ed.)

Suspected Entry: 100% match

Uploaded – Introduction To Hospitality Unit VI x
UPPER SADDLE RIVER, NJ

Source – Another student’s paper
Upper Saddle River, NJ

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