GC Exam Rubric – See comments throughout essay – turn on “all markups” to read them /80 =
Citation Based Introduction and Experience – 3 citations
(1) Reason for essay; (2) Why you are using the GC cycle and the article; (3) What is the GC cycle? (4) Why is it used?
Defining Gibb Cycle steps (GC) using numbers, add beginning and end citations.
– Relate something in the assigned article to your conflict and discuss one good and one bad part of the conflict
– Add a 3-sentence summary paragraph relating the three terms to your conflict: personal, leadership, and/or organizational life, then:
– Use a 2nd level header for each term
– 2 paragraphs per term
– 1st paragraph: give a good definition of term (more than 1 sentence), why is it important, what does it do, what would you teach us about it? Make sure the definition clearly explains what the term is about to someone who has never read about it before. (cite based)
– 2nd paragraph: relate the term to your life/conflict: personal, organizational, leadership (no cites)
Paragraph 1: What did you learn about the experience because of the 3 key topics? What could you have done if you had the chance to do it over again? Talk about each of the three key terms first – citations based academic discussion.
Paragraph 2: Then relate each term to how you could have changed your conflict (no citations)
This section needs a full explanation about what you will work on and how you will do this. What did you read about to develop that specific skill for each of the three terms? Provide one example for each key term on how to improve. Add a citation for each of these. Create a plan of action to develop each of these key skills. Provide one step per skill. The action plan must always discuss how you will build your experience as a leader, or your leadership skills, as related to the article, text, and the three key terms you choose to discuss.
Paragraph 1: What did you learn about the experience that you can act on now to improve because of the 3 key topics? Talk about each of the three key terms first – citations based academic discussion.
Paragraph 2: Then relate each term to how you will change/develop your leadership skills to improve future conflict (no citations)
Good use of front loading and end of sentences, and quotation marks with page numbers, use quotes, block quotes for quotes over 40 words, NO images
Proper formatting, all elements included, all cited material included
Use at least 3 references: assigned article (40%) textbook (40%), and an outside academic source of your choice (newer than 2015 – 20%)
(does not include the GC Cites, marks provided in Summary/Intro for GC citations)
-2 points for use of “we, us, you, everyone, everything, nowadays, in every way, all ways”
-2 points for use of end of sentence cites (Minnis, 2020) at the beginning or middle of sentences
Minnis (2020) states -2 points for use of beginning of sentence cites at the end of paragraphs
-2 for extra spaces between sections
Running Head: POWER’S FUNCTION IN EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP 1
POWER’S FUNCTION IN EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP 9
An Essay on Role of Power in Effective Leadership by using Gibb’s Cycle
Chandra Sekhar Reddy Erigela
University Canada West
Dr. Sandy Minnis
/60 = %
Introduction and Experience
6 sentences defining Gibb Cycle steps (GC) and a cite for these steps. If an image is included, make sure properly cited, and discussed in text and the figure, figure caption is provided, and figure number is provided for 1 bonus mark
Feelings and Thoughts
3-7 cites per paragraph
3-7 cites per paragraph
at least 2 sources/ and at least 3 cites
at least 2 sources/ and at least 3 cites
Good use of front loading and end of sentences, page numbers included and quotation marks with quotes, block quotes where appropriate, all images have figure numbers, discussion in text, captioning below figure, citations, description
Proper formatting, all elements included, all cited material included (at least 3 references: textbook, article or book, and an outside academic source)
Grammar and Spelling, and sentences less than 30 words
/60 (+1 bonus)
Introduction and Experience
In the essay, I’ll write regarding my experience as an employee of an organization I’ve worked for before. I will make use of the Gibbs’ Cycle as per (Potter, 2015) and also an article regarding leadership and power as per (Bal et al., 2018) to assist me in the reflection of a situation or even various situations. The Gibbs’ Cycle, as well as the article, will be of great assistance as they will help me gain insight concerning leadership. The Gibbs’ Cycle is an essential tool, which is made use of by leaders, employees, and also students to establish or advance an individual’s crucial thinking abilities.
As per (Potter, 2015), the first step involves the description of the situation in detail and does not draw any conclusion right away. The next step concerns the feelings that are triggered by the circumstance, which should not be discussed in detail. Evaluation is the third step, where one evaluates if step one’s experience was excellent or unpleasant. The analysis step is the fourth step and concerns what one has learned from that situation or experience. In the conclusion step, one reflects on how he or she would have handled the situation differently. The action plan is the last step whereby actions are established for future experiences or situations as per (Potter, 2015).
I once had a gruesome confrontation with my immediate boss in a company that I worked for previously. My boss was always hard on me since I was a new employee. He made me work for longer hours than the rest by giving me loads of work. Also, if I arrived at work even a minute late, he could scold me in front of my colleagues and threaten to fire me. I could not take it anymore, so I angrily confronted my boss, which resulted in an argument. The argument attracted everyone’s attention, including the company’s manager, who summoned us in his office.
What my immediate boss did to me made me feel very angry since the rest of my colleagues always left me working alone in the office after working hours. I felt that my leader was unfair and also inhuman since I was overworked, yet I was not being compensated for the extra work or even the extra hours in the office. I also felt like my boss had crossed the boundary with her daily workloads and demands that I wanted just to quit that job. Generally, I thought and believed that my boss disliked me with a passion. I was no longer comfortable whenever he was around, as I felt that I could not stand his demands any longer.
One of the vital power terms is the relationship power, whereby desired relationships should be identified, invested in, and repaired if damaged (Bal et al., 2008). Relationship power is relevant in my experience in that the connection between my boss and me was not desired as my boss had damaged our connection through her threats and unfair demands. A good example of relationship power is where a sales manager invests in the connection between him and his workers for the company to prosper.
The other key term is the power of expertise, which is gained from a person’s experience, abilities, or even knowledge (Hughes, Curphy, & Ginnett, 2018). My experience is relevant to the vital term since the more I worked, the more I obtained knowledge and even skills in what I did. An excellent example is whereby a project manager is good at resolving specifically tricky issues to make sure a given project succeeds. The third key term is information power, which is when one possesses information that others do not have. The word is applicable in my experience in that my boss made me believe that he could fire me while deep down, he knew he had no authority yet kept that from me. For example, if a person shares a particular secret, his or her power diminishes. The good thing about the experience was that the company’s manager eventually discovered what had been happening in our department and solved the case.
Domineer and acrimonious are terms connected to why my situation was not good. Acrimonious is when a person is bitter or harsh in behavior or speech (Black et al., 2017). To domineer is attempting to control other individuals without considering their feelings. An example of domineering in the book is where 28% of survey participants were in agreement that power is poorly used by dominating leaders in their company. Also, 23% of the participating parties realized the need to mend destroyed relationships, which I believe prevents disputes.
In connection with my experience, I did not comprehend the situation since I was still new in the company and had not been involved in any offense. The unfortunate situation with my boss angered me since I had not wronged her in any way, yet still, she was harsh and mistreated me. The case was, however, solved.
Now that I am more knowledgeable regarding leadership, I realized I shouldn’t have let the situation get out of control. Anger does not solve anything but rather makes things worse. Instead of confronting my boss angrily, I should have communicated with him and settled the matter properly. Dispute management is also essential for organizational leaders (Bowles, 2005). Our manager was able to use his dispute management skills to help solve the issue.
My leader was unfair and harsh to me because he was domineering. He possessed the coercive kind of power as he used threats to control me. Hughes, Curphy, Ginnett (2018) stated, “Coercive power is the ability to control others through the fear of punishment or the loss of valued outcomes” (p. 139). An individual may be afraid of losing his or her job, getting demoted, or receiving a bad performance review. My boss always threatened to fire me if I did not perform as per his demands.
I would prefer my boss would have had reward power. Hughes, Curphy, and Ginnett (2018) stated, “Reward power involves the potential to influence others because of one’s control over desired resources” (p. 137). It can be accomplished via giving bonuses, promotions, a short leave, etc. Reward power can be very motivating to employees or individuals as they are compensated for their hard work; hence will keep working harder. My boss, on the other hand, overloaded me with work but did not repay me a dime, which was demoralizing.
I would have also preferred my boss to have the referent power. Leaders with referent power are trusted and also respected by individuals. Hughes, Curphy, and Ginnett (2018) noted, “Referent power refers to the potential influence one has due to the strength of the relationship between the leader and the followers” (p. 135). I never trusted or respected my boss since he was not a fair leader. He was also not respectful as he is always mad at me for no apparent reason.
Things turned out complicated in my experience due to anger. If I had peacefully approached my boss humbly, then a confrontation would not have occurred. However, out of the situation getting worse, the manager was able to find out that there was a problem. The bad eventually led to the good since the manager solved the issue. The manager could have further improved his good acts by educating the rest of the leaders and workers in the company concerning anger management (Gottlieb, 1999). My input to the experience was beneficial as other workers learned through my mistake. However, the rest of my colleagues also supported that my boss was unfair.
To make things better, I should have approached the manager earlier enough before the issue had become worse. What I would do now is educate my colleagues on how to respond if caught in the same place. I would prefer it if my leader treats me fairly, with respect, and motivates me to work harder. Bal, Campbell, Steed, and Meddings (2008) stated, “As a leader, communicate and enforce your standards, but be sure to provide support along the way” (p. 18). One thing I should have done better is to report the issue early enough to prevent further trouble. In my experience, I learned that I have a terrible temper, which I need to control since it is not good while trying to address a challenging situation. Overton and Lowry (2013) found that “Addressing a difficult situation when one is angry or frustrated is more likely to be ineffective than when one is calm.” A leader must have excellent dispute management capability; hence I have to work on how to manage my anger first (Bowles, 2005). I also learned that I have a forgiving heart once a person is remorseful of their mistake. A leader must focus on creating a dispute free environment; hence forgiveness and unity are essential.
I can develop my leadership skills by practicing discipline, taking on additional projects, improving situational awareness, inspiring other people, resolving disputes, and by being a keen and discerning listener. Hughes, Curphy, and Ginnett (2018) stated, “To be successful, learning must continue throughout life, beyond the completion of one’s formal education” (p. 73). One thing that I am required to do to better prepare for such an experience in the future is to learn to manage my anger and to speak out. Speaking out is always better than locking in anger and frustration (Mumford et al., 2000). I need to learn how to confidently speak out what I feel and not allowing anger to pile up inside. I should also learn how to manage my rage even when things get out of hand. I can do that by taking classes that I enjoy, like dancing classes (Gottlieb, 1999). Practicing relaxation techniques like taking deep breaths can also help in addressing rage. In my situation, what triggered my rage was continuous since I faced the same frustrating boss every day. To handle such a circumstance, I need to work on my confidence and speaking out my problems so that I can get the necessary assistance.
Bal, V., Campbell, M., Steed, J., & Meddings, K. (2008). The role of power in effective
leadership. Center for Creative Leadership. Retrieved from www. ccl. org.
Black, S., Estrada, C., de la Fuente, M. C., Orozco, A., Trabazo, A., de la Vega, S., & Gutsche
Jr, R. E. (2017). Nobody Really Wants to be Called Bossy or Domineering.
Bowles, H. R. (2005). What Could a Leader Learn from a Mediator?: Dispute Resolution
Strategies for Organizational Leadership.
Gottlieb, M. M. (1999). The angry self: A comprehensive approach to anger management. Zeig
Tucker & Theisen Publishers.
Hughes, R. L., CURPHY, G. G., & Ginnett, R. C. (2018). Leadership: Enhancing the lessons of
Mumford, M. D., Marks, M. A., Connelly, M. S., Zaccaro, S. J., & Reiter-Palmon, R. (2000).
Development of leadership skills: Experience and timing. The Leadership
Quarterly, 11(1), 87-114.
Potter, C. (2015). Leadership development: an applied comparison of Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle
and Scharmer’s Theory U. Industrial and Commercial Training.
Studying terms that bring you joy, understanding, and excitement about yourself as a leader in training, will get rid of the nerves so you can do well.
No one knows about the article until tomorrow. You must do your readings and be prepared. I tend to pick articles related to improving yourself as a leader.
No one can help you, because they do not know either.
You know that you can prepare just like you would for any midterm, studying terms, how they relate to your personal, organizational, and leadership life. You can practice writing a paragraph for each term, with citations
Evaluation – what is the article about that I will give you?
Relate this theme to your conflict – 1 good 1 bad experience from the conflict. Let this help you frame what key topics you will discuss in the analysis part. You do not mention the three key terms here, but the theme of the article frames what topics you will discuss and what conflict you discuss that will help the terms and your experience make sense together with the article.
As discussed in class, pick your favourite topics that you enjoy, that you think will help you to be a better leader, and/or interest you the most. You can prepare early, like you would for any exam.
Prepare about 3 sets of 3 terms that go together, so you are ready to discuss what comes your way.
Analysis (3 pages total 3/4 page per term, plus a 3 sentence analysis summary).
Pick a 3 sentence Analysis Summary: how does the theme of the article relate to the three key words you chose to talk about? This is up to you to interpret. I am giving you freedom here. Like I said, if you studied power and I give you a topic on being a good leader, perhaps you state that Hughes et al (year) states that being a good leader means using three types of power: relationship, reward, and expertise. I will now discuss how these types of power are related to my conflict.
[example Headers] try to pick terms for this essay that are not about power, as you already discussed power before. This is just an example.
Power of Relationships
Power of Expertise
Power of Reward
1) Write a paragraph for each term, with citations: define each term well enough for someone who never heard of the term before to understand what this term means. Why is it important to leadership, how does it work, what does it do. Discuss it and give an example from the readings. Try to make this relevant to yourself. Each of the term paragraphs should be academic, from the course textbook and you can support this a bit from your own favourite article of choice. During the midterm, you will need to include the article provided to you that day.
2) Then make a paragraph of each term that relates to a conflict you have had. How did that term help you understand the situation, or help you to understand your leader, or yourself?
Conclusion – 6 marks total (1 per term academic/1 per term personal) – short (3 to 5 sentence) paragraphs only
Then relate this to your past, what you can do differently now that you understand these terms and applied them to your conflict
– 1 par TOTAL for all three terms – academic/cite based.
– 1 par for all three terms personal.
Action plan – 6 marks total (1 per term academic/1 per term personal) – short (3 to 5 sentence) paragraphs only
Then relate this to what you can do now to prepare, so that you are ready for the future. What does the textbook and article tell you about how to improve these skills/terms now in relationship to you being a leader in training.
– 1 par TOTAL for all three terms – academic/cite based.
– 1 par for all three terms in the steps you will take to improve these in your personal and/or leadership/and or organizational life.