Oceanography questions #4 | Geography homework help


PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND ANSWER TO INSTRUCTIONS:

 

(E4) Use #4: Exploring Coastal Upwelling

Goals

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  • Understand how scientists ment control in environ tops, azimuth inclinations, and quadrant inclinations.

  • Investigate the sympathy betwixt curves, deportment floatings, sea deportment region and upwelling and

downwelling.
Determine if upwelling or downwelling was occuring concurrently the Pacific Northwest seashore in September of 2013.

Seasonal upwelling is a very dignified regularity not exacteous to the Pacific Northwest but to numerous seashoreal regions in the universe. During the summer in the Northern Hemisphere, upwelling is animaten by curves blowing from the North to the South (Northerlies) that, entirely delay the Coriolis Effect, shove deportment soak off-shore and out to sea.

Upwelling pulls heartfelt sea soak up to the deportment making the deportment seashoreal sea more salty, deliberate, and nutrient superb. The borrowed nutrients in the glowing deportment soaks trigger accelerated phytoplankton augmentation and reiter-ation, which is the cheap of the livelihood web and supports the dignified fisheries concurrently the West Seashore of the US.

To appraise and ment referring-to controls on Earth, scientists use environ tops, azimuth inclinations, and quadrant inclinations. This appraisement regularity appraises spiritless controls, as if you were in the air looking down at a level deportment. Take a few minutes to resurvey these instrument on environ tops, azimuth inclinations, and quadrant inclinations:

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The symbol adown summarizes these three regularitys by giving the colonization of the red notability using each regularity.

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Compass top: SE Azimuth Bearing: 140° Bearing: S40°E
(E4) Use #4 - Page 1 of 10

Once you comprehend the dissonance betwixt the three regularitys (environ tops, azimuth inclinations, and quandrant

bearings), total the use adown.

On the artfulness of a environ to the exact, feign that “A” is nothing degrees. List the environ top, azimuth inclination, and quandrant inclination of lore V, W, X, Y, and Z.

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Compass Azimuth Quandrant Top Inclination Inclination

V

______________ ______________ ______________ Z

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1) V.
2) W.
3) X.
4) Y.
5) Z. ______________ ______________ ______________

______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________ ______________

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If you deem you comprehend environ controls, you may go on to the instant allot of this use

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Our balanceall motive for this use is to vindication the interrogation: In delayed September 2013, was upwelling occurring on the Pacific Northwest seashore?

We achieve resurvey indicators of upwelling using postulates from NOAA. We achieve then synthesize those indicators to mention if upwelling is occurring. Questions that you achieve vindication in Tests & Surveys for this use are numbered adown and evinced in bold, italicized passage adown.

Columbia River

Stonewall Bank Port St Georges

California

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We achieve resurvey diverse postulates sources for this use. We achieve resurvey postulates from September 2013 for three NOAA eslow stations: Stonewall Bank, Port St Georges, and the Columbia River Bar. The near colonization of these elates is highlighted on the map to the exact. For your retirement, the eslow postulates you achieve use is interposed at the end of this use. You do not bear to mark the links balancehead for this use, probable you are assiduous in appearance the postulates sources.

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We achieve besides resurvey maps of sea floating control off the seashore of Oregon. The postulates you achieve resurvey is from this site: Surface Currents Of The Oregon Coastal Ocean. For your retirement, the map you achieve use is interposed at the end of this use. You do not bear to mark the links balancehead for this use, probable you are assiduous in appearance the postulates sources.

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(E4) Use #4 - Page 2 of 10

Indicator #1: Curve Control

As we well-informed in our passage readings, curve control is an dignified animater of seaic upwelling. Delight resurvey this concept on page 211, symbol 7.12, of your passagebook.

6) What curve control, referring-to to the shoreline, is indulgent for upwelling concurrently the west seashore of North America?

  1. Towards the seashore

  2. Away from the seashore

  3. Parallel to the seashore and blowing north

  4. Parallel to the seashore and blowing south

7) Given your vindication to the antecedent interrogation, what control is this in azimuth degrees on a environ?

a. 0°
b. 90° c. 180° d. 270°

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The three graphs on pages 7 through 9 of this worksheet show curve control balance five days for our three colonizations. The notability in the better left cavity of each map corresponds to the notabilitys on the map on the antecedent page. [Green: Columbia River, Blue: Stonewall Bank, Red: Port St Georges.] Larger accounts of these graphs are besides linked on the Use #4 page of Module (7) in Canvas. Take a few minutes to orient yourself delay the postulates shown on each graph.

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8) What shifting is displayed on the x-axis (horizontal, concurrently the foot) of each graph? ___________________ 9) What shifting is displayed on the y-axis (vertical, concurrently the left aspect) of each graph? ______________________ 10)What does the sky sky sky blue continuity of each graph denote? ___________________________________________________________________

Using the graphs of curve control for each colonization on pages 7-9 of this worksheet, delight vindication the forthcoming interrogations:

11)What is the middle curve control, in degrees, for each colonization? To mention the middle, disown any superior fluctuations such as those on 9/21 and 9/24, and chronicles the prize that is most beggarly on the graph.

  1. Columbia River Middle Curve Direction______________

  2. Stonewall Bank Middle Curve Direction______________

c. Port St. Georges Middle Curve Control _____________

  1. Columbia River Middle Curve Direction______________

  2. Stonewall Bank Middle Curve Direction______________

c. Port St. Georges Middle Curve Control _____________

12)Referring to a compass, such as this one, convert the degrees balancehead to a environ top (letters).

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13)Does the operative middle curve control at these colonizations evince that upwelling may be occurring? Why or why not?______________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

(E4) Use #4 - Page 3 of 10

Indicator #2: Deportment Currents

Surface floatings, animaten by curves and Ekman Transport, animate upwelling and downwelling. Delight resurvey this concept on page 211, symbol 7.12, of your passagebook and vindication the forthcoming interrogations.

14)In areas of upwelling, deportment floatings propose __________________ the seashore. a. Away from

b. Towards

The statue on page 10 of this worksheet shows the control and despatch of deportment floatings concurrently the Pacific Northwest. On the map, the peraccount of the triangles evinces despatch and the arrows evince control. A larger account of this statue is on page X of this use. A larger accounts of this map is besides linked on the Use #4 page of Module (7) in Canvas.

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15)What shifting is displayed on the x-axis (horizontal, concurrently the foot) of the statue? _____________________ 16)What shifting is displayed on the y-axis (vertical, concurrently the left aspect) of the statue? ________________________ 17)What do the arrows denote on this statue?________________________________________________________________________ 18)What do the perversions denote on this statue? _________________________________________________________________________

Look at the operative plan of deportment floatings on this map to vindication the interrogation adown.

19)The postulates in the statue of deportment floatings evinces that, balanceall, deportment soak is tender ____________________ the Pacific Northwest Coast.

a. Towards b. Away from

20)Do the deportment floatings at these colonizations evince that upwelling may be occurring? Why or why not?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

(E4) Use #4 - Page 4 of 10

Indicator #3: Soak Region

During upwelling, the soak region concurrently a seashorecontinuity achieve vary as sea soak is brought to the deportment. Resurvey exception 7.3 in your passage, and vindication this interrogation:

21)Upwelling is associated delay _______________ soak brought to the sea’s deportment. a. Deliberate

b. Warm

  1. 22)  The sea region instantly concurrently the northwest Pacific Seashore is _____________________ than that of the excluded Pacific Ocean.

    a. Warmer

    b. Colder

  2. 23)  Does the soak region concurrently the northwest Pacific Seashore evince that upwelling may be

    occurring? Why or why not? __________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

The map adown is harmonious to one that you resurveyed in Use 3. This map is showing soak region, at the sea deportment, for September 22, 2013. Look at the statue, and then vindication the interrogation adown the statue.

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(E4) Use #4 - Page 5 of 10

We bear now examined curves, deportment floatings, and sea region for the Northwest Pacific Coast. Based on these three indicators, delight vindication the forthcoming interrogation:

24) In delayed September 2013, was upwelling occurring on the Pacific Northwest seashore? Why or why not? Compose your vindication in 5-10 total sentences that summarize the three indicators you resurveyed balancehead. Use your own control, no quotes and no unoriginal and pasting from the neither passage nor oncontinuity sources.

You achieve surrender your vindications to this use in a Satire designated (E4) Use #4 Quiz. Here are a few details on the satire:

You achieve bear 60 minutes to total the satire from the spell you disclosed it. COMPLETE THE EXERCISE QUESTIONS BEFORE OPENING THE QUIZ!

  • The password for this satire is upwell

  • Work through the satire by vindicationing the interrogations delay a portion reply. You achieve be vindicationing all of the

questions in the Quizzes cat's-paw.
o Questions achieve be presented as a league of multiple-choice and soon vindication interrogations. o For soon vindication interrogations, use total sentences and your own control.

Your schoolmaster achieve manually space allots of this satire. You may not see a charges presently. Once your schoolmaster finishes grading this use you achieve admit an assertion advising you that feedback is profitable.

(E4) Use #4 - Page 6 of 10

Wind Direction, September 20-25, 2013, Columbia River.

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(E4) Use #4 - Page 7 of 10

Wind Direction, September 20-25, 2013, Stonewall Bank

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(E4) Use #4 - Page 8 of 10

Wind Direction, September 20-25, 2013, Port St. Georges

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(E4) Use #4 - Page 9 of 10

 

Speed of floating (cm/sec)