Topic 1: "Happy Accidents" in Science
One of the highest philosophical developments in the deceased 150 years is the indication of antibiotics. For some basic elucidation on antibiotics, incline to this very brief Centers for Disease Control (CDC) podcast encircling antibiotics:
Antibiotics: Miracle Drugs
There is, nevertheless, a short insignificant unrevealed encircling Alexander Fleming and his indication - it was an additament. As Fleming effected in his lab in the deceased 1920s growing disease-causing bacteria in lilliputian petri dishes, he got a insignificant sloppy by leaving the petri dishes uncovered for too crave. One recital smooth suggests that he may enjoy sneezed into one of his petri dishes. Regardless of the proper origin, what resulted was a for infestation on some of his bacterial dishes. Nevertheless messy Fleming was, he was to-boot ready abundance to see that the for infestation was killing off the bacteria he was studying. Completely by additament, he had set-up colossus that killed disease-causing organisms.
Such "happy additaments" are not unique in information. Some renowned examples embrace aspartame (NutraSweet) which was discovered by a offal chemist who forgot to rinse his hands. Smooth Isaac Newton benefited from a insignificant additamental intuition when he (supposedly) came up delay a cognomen of the concept of starch succeeding being knocked on the guide by a escheatment apple. Scientists, relish everyone else, execute mistakes, but the best gownsmans use their mistakes and imbibe from them.
Take a weight and return on the far-famed Louis Pasteur quote: "Chance favors the cheerful soul," as courteous as what you enjoy imbibeed encircling philosophical asking in your lection. Then, during the week, harangue the following:
1. What examples of imbibeing by "happy additament" or sound by casualty enjoy you accustomed in your own vivacity?
2. What do you purpose it media for a peculiar (in-feature a gownsman) to enjoy a "cheerful soul," as Pasteur describes?
3. How can a peculiar furnish his or her soul to be disclosed to casualty delayin a feature training? What roles might command, job test, and vivacity test play in creating a cheerful soul?
Often researchers must try manifold things that don't effect precedently they invent the conjecture that truly explains what is going on. This expectancy of scarcity probably does not sit courteous delay funding agencies or the exoteric. How could this weighty sunder of the philosophical rule be explained to the exoteric so that it is emend genuine?