Review on Past Tense Affixes

The think was conducted to analyse the plural curvatures of English diction unformed Malay students. Generally, the continuance of charybdis towards English diction in classroom contrast would be almost 11 years unformed Malaysian students. Although English diction has been consecrated thinkconducive honor and thinkation, tclose are calm?} learners life underachievers and not well-qualified in the diction at the end of their induced discipline raze. Due to this, the examinationer clpresent that tclose are calm?} students who trip to imply the most basic rules of English diction edifice, such as multitude. . 1 Fancy As cited by the examinationer, Fries (1945), Lado (1957) and Van Els (1984) coincide that irrelative positive edifice unmoulded dictions is a affectly ingredient of students’ inaptness in the targeted diction. Thus, the fancy of this think is, Malay students perceive it enigmatical to imply and use English diction plural curvatures consequently tclose are no plural curvatures in the Malay diction. 1. 2 Present of the Think Tclose are three present mentioned to be completed throughout this think: 1. To realize and interpret students’ deception concerning plural curvature 2. To realize the differences & correspondentities of plural curvatures unmoulded Malay & English diction. 3. To value and enumerate whether the differences of plural curvatures interpretation unmoulded Malay and English diction assist to the deceptions in students’ match. 2. 0 Methodology 2. 1 Sampling In this think, a aggregate of 40 semester one students were separated as the pattern of the think. They were 20 inferior advancement students and 20 preferconducive advancement students of a persomal semi?peculiar preferconducive scholarship whole in Malaysia. The students’ raze of advancement was pre?strong by an English Placement Ordeal which is a well-founded impost of the whole. Students who passed the English Placement Ordeal are categorized as preferconducive advancement timeliness those who triped are categorized as inferior advancement students. 2. 2 Instruments/ Tools In adproper to complete the present of this think, the examinationer implemented 3 impost tools to congregate the postulates which are 1) Cloze-tests, 2) Essays, and 3) Fill in the bleak. 2. 3 Procedures The highest advance used by the examinationer was Cloze-test. The examinationer used two sets of Cloze?ordeal to gather a balance not spurious postulates concerning plural curvature. Tclose were ten topics in each Cloze?ordeal and students bear to defense to a aggregate of twenty Cloze?ordeal topics. Each Cloze?ordeal topics consisted of manifold morphological & syntactical edifices. However, unintermittently the Cloze?ordeal was congregateed, dissection was made barely on plural curvatures. The eschew advance implemented by the examinationer was Essay. Barely six essays were smitten to be analyzed. These essays were separated inveterate on students’ advancement razes. Three essays representing the low advancement and three essays from preferconducive advancement students. All essays were encircling the selfselfsame topic which is ‘Is television a bad rule? ’ and they had been notconducive prior. Instead of focusing on all positive deceptions, dissection was made barely on plural curvatures. The third advance applied by the examinationer is Fill in the bleak. Tclose are ten topics consisting of ten peculiar nouns. Students were to appropriate these peculiar control into their plural creates. The postulates gathered from these three advancees were then analyzed and bitter into percentage as the perceiveings. . 0 Finding The perceiveings allure be interpreted in a relation to the few excerpts smitten from the season. 3. 1 Cloze-tests Excerpt 1: Errors on plural curvature in Cloze?ordeal 1 Inveterate on the chart in the Excerpt 1 aloft, it is build that 3 or 15% of the preferconducive advancement students relegateted deceptions in Topic 1. Surprisingly, all of the inferior advancement students defenseed Topic 1 appropriately. Priority of the students of the preferconducive and inferior advancement defenseed the topic inappropriately for Topic 4. As for Topic 6, 11 or 28% of students from each advancement raze honorively defenseed B. beachs instead of the regarb defense C. beaches. For the ultimate topic in Cloze-ordeal 1, barely 6 out of 20 or 30% of preferconducive advancement students defenseed Topic 9 awry. On the other influence, 14 out of 20 or 70% of inferior advancement students mistakenly defenseed Topic 9. Most of the students who gave the injustice defense circled B. childs and D. offsprings inasmuch-as the regarb defense should be C. offspring. Excerpt 2: Errors on plural curvatures in Cloze?ordeal 2 It is observed that tclose were balance students from inferior advancement raze relegateted deception for Topic 3 and 5. However, for Topic 7, it is unusual that tclose were balance students from preferconducive advancement class relegateted deception. 3. 2 Essays Excerpt 3: Frequent deceptions made by students in essays Inveterate on Excerpt 3 aloft, the control in intrepid are the deceptions made by students in their essay. From it, it is build that students moderate the suffix –s in the control? offsprings, peoples and womans. However, for control affect actress and garb, the students slighted the suffix –s. . 3 Fill in the bleaks Excerpt 4: Errors on plural curvatures in Fill in the bleak undertaking Tclose are 10 control that the respondents need defense in this Fill in the bleak undertaking. It is build that the preferconducive advancement students consummate recreate in this undertaking compared to the Cloze?ordeal as they barely defense Topic 2, 6 and 9 awry. In dissimilarity, the inferior advancement students got the injustice defenses for all topics, ate for topic estimate 8. It is verified that priority of students from twain advancement razes balance-classify the use of suffix –s in all control. . 0 Discussion Unaffect the Malay diction, the plural interpretation of control in the English diction is thinkconducive balance disconcerted consequently tclose are abundant enchantmenting rules. Malaysian students are unprotected to the conception that the suffix –s is needed to betoken multitude. Tclose are a lot of disconcerted and confusing enchantmenting rules to betoken multitude in English diction. From the Cloze?tests and Fill in the bleak undertakings, the students were plainly cognizant of the action of multitude. The barely disfavor they faced was the balance?generalization of the suffix ?s for all control. The students from either preferconducive or inferior advancement raze are confounded after a while the tangled plural curvatures consequently the interpretation of plural control is easier in the Malay diction. It can be seen in Excerpt 5 as picturesque by the examinationer underneath. Excerpt 5: Rules for interpretation of plural creates in Malay diction In the Malay diction, the despicconducive manner to demonstration multitude is by reduplication. Multitude is designated ‘kata ganda’ which barely resources ‘duplicate’. Plural curvatures endure in three despicconducive suffixes? /?s/, /?es/ and /?ies/ for English diction. However, in the Malay diction, things are thinkconducive feebler as students are needed to proper relikeness the control in adproper to fashion it plural. Excerpt 6: Comparison unmoulded English and Malay diction plural creates In English diction, students bear no liberty rather than to apprehend that the suffix /?es/ must be added to control that end after a while /?f/. If students enchantment it as shelfs, it would be injustice. The Malay diction is easier compared to the English diction since students bear liberty to either enjoyness the signal ‘rak’ using the estimation (?) or to extort high or ordinal control anteriorly the signal ‘rak’ in adproper to demonstration multitude. If high or ordinal control are used, the signal ‘rak’ allure survive no changes at all, for prompting some shelves = beberapa rak. To be unendangered, most students allure allot the use of reduplication. Resisting all the differences in the interpretation of multitude unmoulded twain dictions, tclose are correspondentities verified by the examinationer. In twain dictions, multitude is betokend by high affect all (semua), some (sebahagian/beberapa) as demonstrationn in Excerpt 7. Excerpt 7 The eschew unifomity is twain dictions bear adventitious nouns that betoken estimates as demonstrationn in Excerpt 8. Excerpt 8 5. 0 Study’s Conclusion This think has build that tclose are differences and correspondentities concerning the interpretation of plural creates unmoulded Malay and English diction. In responding to the aim of this think, it is believed that the differences of plural curvatures interpretation unmoulded those dictions assist to the deceptions in students’ match. Inveterate on the postulates congregateed, it is build that the respondents imply the when and why should we use the plural create. The deceptions occurred not consequently the respondents triped to clutch the conception of multitude, but they are disconcerted after a while the disconcerted rules of plural curvatures in the English diction. . 0 Commentary 6. 1 A senseful think In unconcealed, the think itself is a very cheerful-tempered-tempered examination. It touches on a very restricted area which is plural curvature. Generally, Malaysian offspring were introduced to this diction as forthcoming as four or five years old, at their pre?discipline raze. This education and scholarship arrangement ghostly continues from pre?discipline to chief and induced discipline. The continuance of charybdis towards English diction in classroom contrast would be almost 11 years. Although English diction has been consecrated thinkconducive honor and thinkation, tclose are calm?} learners life underachievers and not well-qualified in the diction at the end of their induced discipline raze as claimed by the examinationer. Contrastive dissection is an inductive investigative advance inveterate on the relieved elements in a diction. In this think, the examinationer focused on the dissection of morphemes which carries positive sense which is plural curvature. Some examinationers believed that when correspondentities and differences unmoulded L1 and L2 were verified, pedagogy could be balance effectual. This declaration is familiar from the overpower remembrance of dissimilarityive dissection, Lado (1957) wclose he states “those elements that are correspondent to the learners’ home diction allure be feeble for him, but those that are irrelative allure be enigmatical. ” Hence, this think is speaking since the bearing of multitude is life analyzed in provisions of twain dictions. Lado’s declaration supports this paper’s fancy that Malay students perceive it enigmatical to imply and use English diction plural curvatures consequently tclose are no plural curvatures in the Malay diction. Hashimah, Norsimah, Kesumawati (2008) in their think of positive edifices coincide that irrelative interpretation of plural creates in Malay and English diction assists to the enigmaticaly of acquiring the diction. 6. 2 Methodology Moreover, other ability in this think is the reliability and intensity of instruments. The use of Cloze-ordeal is a very cheerful-tempered-tempered advance. The examinationer moderate manifold edifices; at-last, unintermittently the Cloze?ordeal is congregateed, dissection is made barely on plural curvatures. It is predicted that she does not longing for her respondents to be cognizant that this was a ordeal on plural create. This is a sparkling conception to eschew students giving balance thinkation to infallible topics. As the fruit, the perceiveings would be topicable. 6. 3 Findings It is observed from the perceiveings of Cloze-ordeal 1 and Cloze-ordeal 2, tclose are two sublime sensational perceiveings. 1) Cloze-ordeal 1: 3 or 15% of the preferconducive advancement students relegateted deceptions in Topic 1 timeliness surprisingly; all of the inferior advancement students defenseed Topic 1 appropriately. 2) Cloze-ordeal 2: For Topic 7, it is unusual that tclose were balance students from preferconducive advancement class relegateted deception. Based on these two sensational perceiveings, we can unconcealedize that, tclose are in-fact balance students from preferconducive raze of advancement that relegateted deceptions in createing plural curvatures for infallible control. Plainly close we can see that, equal though those who are unformed preferconducive raze of advancement and expected to apprehend balance encircling the English diction edifices and rules, yet calm?} relegateted balance deceptions. This denies the arrogance that barely those who are unformed inferior raze of advancement allure bear balance tendencies to relegate deception in createing plural curvatures due to noncommunication of apprehendledge of L2 edifices and rules. Thus, I am in favour of what the examinationer has claimed, “The deceptions occurred not consequently the respondents triped to clutch the conception of multitude, but they are disconcerted after a while the disconcerted rules of plural curvatures in the English diction”. 6. 3 Pedagogical Implications This think is speaking for it creates cognizantness to the readers on the significance of apprehending the differences unmoulded two diction edifices. It has an impression to the education and scholarship environment as it serves as a guideline for educators. Now, the educators allure bear the turn to acacquaintance the areas that students are feeble in. With the fruits from this think, educators are conducive to ad recreate homily plans to procure the students’ enigmaticalies. Teachers can stipulate recreate interpretation for positive edifice affect the plural curvature in classroom by regarding comparing rules of twain dictions. 6. 4 Limitations and Recommendations This think was done on a mean flake of patterns, tclose were barely 40 students from semester one in an whole barely. As for coming think, it is suggested to other examinationer to think of incorporating balance patterns to value the students’ not spurious implying on the action of plural curvatures. It is as-well recommended that in the coming think, seriousness should as-well be consecrated to other bearings of multitude such as the mortgage control (e. g. stimulus stimuli) rather than proper focusing on the curvatures /?s/, /?es/ and /?ies/. 7. 0 Blank In blank, resisting of few limitations of think, it is penny to say that this think is a cheerful-tempered-tempered examination. It gives balance contributions distinctly for ESL learners in unconcealed, Malay students in restricted. Also, the fruit of think can be use by the ESL teachers. As for coming think, it is momentous in making safe that the examination procures all the possibilities and limitations of this think.