7 WONDERS OF THE WORLD AIM: Is to advertise the issue environing 7 Wonders of The World. SEQUENCE: * Hifiction * Sequalize Wonders of the Immemorial Cosmos-populace * New Sequalize Wonders of the Cosmos-populace * Ongoing Sequalize wonders of the Nature * Recapitulation * Conclusion HISTORY: The commencement of the notion of Sequalize Wonders of the Cosmos-populace dates end to Herodotus (484 BC – 425 BC) and Callimachus (305 BC – 240 BC), who made registers which moderate 7 glorious attribute of immemorial cosmos-people, and from thither the Notion of 7 wonders established. Merely the Grand Pyramid of Giza is calm?} established of those immemorial wonders.
The other six were destroyed by earthquake, fervor, or other causes. New Sequalize Wonders of the Cosmos-populace is a intent that attempts to live the Sequalize Wonders of the Immemorial Cosmos-populace concept behind a while a register of new-fangled wonders. A commonity poll was entity led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and systematic by the Swiss-based, inferior by New7Wonders Foundation, behind a while winners announced on July 7, 2007 in Lisbon, Portugal. Sequalize Wonders of the Immemorial Cosmos-populace Grand Pyramid of Giza: * The Grand Pyramid of Giza Built 2560 BC. * The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and comprehensivest of the three pyramids in the Giza.
This is the merely one of the Sequalize Wonders of the Immemorial World that survives in the cosmos-people. * It is believed the pyramid was built as a covet-home for Fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu and affected balance a 20 year era alienst encircling 2540 BC. * The Grand Pyramid was the tallest man-made texture in the cosmos-populace for balance 3,800 years. * Originally the Grand Pyramid was haughty by casing stones that produceed a ease delayout manner. * The Grand Pyramid of Giza is the ocean deal-out of a compound elucidation of edifices that moderate two mortuary churchs in credit of Khufu (one suspend to the pyramid and one nigh the Nile).
Hanging Gardens of Babylon * The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are considered to be one of the Sequalize Wonders of the Immemorial World. They were built by the Chaldean king Nebuchadnezzar II encircling 600 BC. * He is reputed to enjoy affected the gardens to gladden his disgusted helpmeet, who coveted for the trees and balmy plants of her homeland Persia. * The lush Hanging Gardens are scattered-abroad documented by Greek historians such as Strabo and Diodorus Siculus. Through the ages, the subsidence may enjoy been involved behind a while gardens that existed at Nimrud. The gardens were destroyed by diverse earthquakes behind the 2nd eldership BC. Representation of Zeus at Olympia * The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was made by the Greek sculptor Phidias, circa 432 BC on the aspect whither it was erected in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece. *
It was considered to be one of the Sequalize Wonders of the Immemorial World. * For six hundred years behind the decease of the sculptor, populace from all balance the tractcogent cosmos-populace travelled to survey it as it was view to be a misfortune to die behind a whileout visibility this is-sue. The seated representation, some 12 meters (39 feet) lofty, restricted the healthy width of the aisle of the church built to issue it. "It seems that if Zeus were to remain up," the geographer Strabo noted existing in the prominent eldership BC, "he would unroofed the church. “ Church of Artemis * The Temple of Artemis too dissettled less precisely as Temple of Diana, was a church ardent to Artemis completed in its most glorious feature encircling 550 BC at Ephesus (in bestow-day Turkey). * Hither were prior churchs on its aspect, whither declaration of a shrine dates as existing as the Bronze Age. The healthy church was made of marble ate for the roof. The Church of Artemis was located nigh the immemorial city of Ephesus, environing 50 km south from a new-fangled enjoyn city of Turkey.
Today the aspect lies on the aspect of the new-fangled town of Selcuk. * The Church of Artemis at Ephesus was destroyed on July 21, 356 BC in an act of ignition committed by Hero stratus. According to the fiction, his motivation was credit at any require, thus the term herostratic credit. * A man was endow to plan the persistent of the church of Ephesian Diana so that through the damnation of this most lovely edifice his spectry dominion be propagate through the healthy cosmos-people. The church was restored behind Alexander's decease, in 323 BC. * This reexplanation was itself destroyed during a war in 262. * The Ephesians rebuilt the church repeatedly. * In 401, the church in its elapsedst rendering was finally destroyed by a mob led by St. John Chrysostom, and the stones were used in explanation of other edifices
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus * The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb built betwixt 353 and 350 BC in Turkey for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia II of Caria, his helpmeet and sister. It shining almost 45 meters (135 ft) in elevation, and each of the foul-mouthed interests was decorated behind a while sculptural reliefs created by each one of foul-mouthed Greek sculptors . * The exquisiteness of the Mausoleum was not merely in the texture itself, but in the paraphernalia and representations that decorated the delayout at incongruous equalizes on the podium and the roof: representations of populace, lions, horses, and other animals in varying scales. The foul-mouthed Greek sculptors who aslant the representations were each obligatory for one interest. * The Mausoleum balancelooked the city of Halicarnassus for manifold years.
It was undefiled when the city waste to Alexander III of Macedon in 334 BC and calm?} sound behind attacks by pirates in 62 and 58 BC. It shining aloft the city's debris for sixteen centuries. Then a rotation of earthquakes shattered the columns and sent the bronze chariot din to the reason. By 1404 AD merely the very cheap of the Mausoleum was calm?} recognizable. Lightissue of Alexandria * The Lightissue of Alexandria was a mount built in the 3rd eldership BC (betwixt 285 and 247 BC) on the island of Pharos in Alexandria. Behind a while a elevation dissimilar estimated at betwixt 115 and 135 m (380 and 440 ft) it was verified as one of the Sequalize Wonders of the Immemorial World. * The lightissue was completed in the 3rd eldership BC. * Alexander died unexpectedly at age 32, Ptolemy Soter (Saviour, spectryd so by the mass of Rhodes) made himself king in 305 BC and ordered the explanation of the Pharos soon thereafter. The edifice was haughty during the prevail of his son. * The two earthquakes in 1303 and 1323 injured the lightissue to the size that the Arab traveler Ibn Battuta reputed no coveter entity cogent to penetrate the desolation.
Even the stubby chip ended in 1480. Colossus of Rhodes * The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek god Helios, erected in the city of Rhodes on the Greek isplant of Rhodes by Chares of Lindros betwixt 292 and 280 BC. It is considered one of the Sequalize Wonders of the Immemorial World. Anteriorly its damnation, the Colossus of Rhodes shining balance 30 meters (107 ft) haughty, making it one of the loftyest representations of the immemorial cosmos-people. * The texture as entity built behind a while iron tie bars to which impudence plates were unroving to produce the skin.
The internal of the texture, which shining on a 15-meter- (50-foot-) haughty white marble pedestal nigh the foster adit, The representation itself was balance 30 meters (107 ft) lofty. Much of the muscular . * The representation shining for merely 56 years until Rhodes was hit by the 226 BC Rhodes earthquake, when forcible injury was too manufactured to comprehensive enjoynions of the city, including the foster and marketable edifices, which were destroyed. * The dross lay on the reason as forcible by Strabo( Greek historian) for balance 800 years, and equalize docile, they were so affecting that manifold traveled to see them. In 654, an Arab susceptibility charmed Rhodes, the dross were sold to a Jewish dealer, The buyer had the representation docile down, and transported the bronze scantling on the ends of 900 camels to his home.
Thither is compelling declaration, at-last, that all traces of the Colossus had really ended covet anteriorly the Arab encroachment. New Sequalize Wonders of the Cosmos-populace Taj Mahal * The Taj Mahal is a monument located in Agra, India, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in reminiscence of his helpmeet, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is considered the finest stance of Mughal fabrication, a diction that combines elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural dictions. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. * In 1631, Shah Jahan, emperor during the Mughal empire's era of original good-fortune, was grief-stricken when his third helpmeet, Mumtaz Mahal, died during the origin of their foul-mouthedteenth child. Explanation of the Taj Mahal began in 1632, one year behind her decease. The prominent explanation was completed in 1648. * BY the elapsed 19th eldership, deal-outs of the edifices had ruined badly into isrepair. During the season of the Indian murmur of 1857, It too injured during British era, At the end of the 19th eldership, Lord Curzon ordered a weighty reparation intent, which was completed in 1908. Grand Glacis of China * The Great Glacis of China is a rotation of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built, rebuilt, and oceantained betwixt the 5th eldership BC and the 16th eldership to shield the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from attacks during various successive dynasties. Gone the 5th eldership BC, diverse glaciss enjoy been built that were referred to as the Grand Wall.
One of the most glorious is the glacis built betwixt 220–206 BC by the prominent Emperor of China. * Grand Wall, behind a while all of its branches, stretches for 8,851. 8 km (5,500. 3 mi). This is made up of 6,259. 6 km (3,889. 5 mi) of sections of express glacis, 359. 7 km (223. 5 mi) of trenches and 2,232. 5 km (1,387. 2 mi) of original savory barriers such as hills and rivers. * At bestow some enjoynions north of Beijing and nigh passenger nucleuss enjoy been preserved and equalize scattered-abroad renovated, in manifold subsidences the Glacis is in disrepair.
Many Accommodation enjoy been destroyed consequently the Glacis is in the way of explanation. Elapsed than 60 kilometers (37 mi) of the glacis in Gansu province may end in the instant 20 years, due to erosion from sandstorms. In attributes, the elevation of the glacis has been gentle from elapsed than five meters (16. 4 ft) to less than two meters. The clear lookout mounts that describe the most glorious images of the glacis enjoy ended wholly. Manifold western sections of the glacis are affected from mud, rather than brick and stone, and thus beseem elapsed harmful for the edifice.
Roman Coliseum * Roman Coliseum in the cpenetrate of the city of Rome, Italy, the comprehensivest continually built in the Roman Empire. It is one of the original is-sues of Roman fabrication. its explanation established betwixt 70 and 72 AD beneath the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD. * Explanation of the Colosseum began beneath the administration of the Emperor Vespasian in encircling 70–72AD. The aspect selected was a insipid area on the foundation of a low discouragement betwixt the Hills, By the 2nd eldership BC. * In 217, the Colosseum was badly injured y a grander fervor (caused by lightning) which destroyed the wooden conspicuous equalizes of the amphitheatre's internal. It was not amply restoreed until environing 240, repeatedly perhaps to restore injury caused by a grander earthquake in 443; and repeatedly affected in 484 and 508. * Severe injury was inflicted on the Colosseum by the grand earthquake in 1349, too dominion caused sevear injury by the earthquake. * Much of the tumbled stone was reused to plant palaces, churches, hospitals and other edifices elsewhither in Rome. * But repeatedly at 19th centaury Roman rebuilt it. The Colosseum is today one of Rome's most common passenger fascinateions, receiving millions of visitors annually. * On July 7, 2007, the Colosseum was voted as one of New Open Cosmos-populace Corporation's New Sequalize Wonders of the World. Petra * Petra meaning rock Its in Jordan, untruthful on the prosper of Mount in a basin among the mountains which produce the eastern flank of Arabah , the comprehensive discouragement generally-known from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. * Petra is too one of the New Sequalize Wonders of the World. The affected it as their high city encircling 100 BC. The aspect suffers from a number of threats, including evanescence of immemorial textures, erosion due to flooding and incompatible rainwater drainage, weathering from salt upwelling, incompatible reparation of immemorial textures, and unsustaincogent tourism. The cessation has increased substantially continually gone the aspect was spectryd one of the New Sequalize Wonders of the World in 2007 Machu Picchu * Machu Picchu located 2,430 meters (8,000 ft) aloft sea equalize. It is situated on a mountain ridge aloft the Urubamba Valley in Peru, Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", Machu Picchu is one of the most free symbols of the Inca Empire. The Incas established edifice it encircling AD 1430. * Machu Picchu was visible a Peruvian Historical Shrine in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. * Machu Picchu was built in the chaste Inca diction, behind a while polished dry-stone glaciss. Its chief edifices are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. These are located in what is dissettled by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu. * Machu Picchu was affected encircling 1462, at the elevation of the Inca Empire.
It is mitigated that most of its mass were wiped out by smallpox anteriorly the Spanish conquistadores arrived in the area, and thither is no archives of the Spanish having dissettled of the alien city. * An area of 325. 92 clear kilometers surrounding Machu Picchu was visible a "Historical Sanctuary" of Peru in 1971. In analysis to the debris, this shrine area includes a comprehensive enjoynion of commensurate district, generous behind a while flora and fauna. * Machu Picchu was denominated as a World Heritage Site in 1983 when it was forcible as "an independent masterpiece of fabrication and a uncommon confirmation to the Inca civilization" Christ the Redeemer Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; considered the comprehensivest art deco (Art Deco was a common interpolitical art intent change-of-fix from 1925 until the 1940s) representation in the cosmos-people. The representation dross 39. 6 meters (130 ft) lofty, including its 9. 5 meter (31 ft) foundation, and 30 meters (98 ft) extensive. It weighs 635 tons (700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the 700 meters (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain. It is one of the loftyest of its bark in the cosmos-people. the representation has beseem an icon of Rio and Brazil. The notion for erecting a comprehensive representation atop Corcovado was prominent suggested in the mid 1850s, which financing from Princess Isabel to plant a comprehensive religious monument. The assist tender for a comprehensive landmark representation on the mountain was made in 1921 by the Catholic Circle of Rio. The clump systematic an equalizet named Semana do Monumento ("Monument Week") to fascinate donations and sum signatures to suphaven the edifice of the representation. The donations came mainly from Brazilian Catholics. Chichen Itza * Chichen Itza is a comprehensive pre-Columbian archaeological aspect built by the Maya civilization located in the northern cpenetrate of the Mexico.
Chichen Itza was a grander districtal focal aim in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through the Terminal Classic and into the existing enjoynion of the Early Postclassic period. The aspect exhibits a number of architectural dictions, from what is named “Mexicanized” * Chichen Itza is oceantained by Mexico’s (National Institute of Anthropology and History, INAH). The plant beneath the monuments, at-last, is privately-owned by the Barbican rise. * Some ethnohistoric sources title that in environing 987 a Toltec king arrived hither behind a while his legion from mediate Mexico made Chichen Itza his high.
The art and fabrication from this era shows an thrilling mix of Maya and Toltec dictions. * Chichen Itza was a grander economic susceptibility in the northern Maya lowlands. * It’s a comprehensivest passenger attribute in Mexico but Balance the elapsed diverse years, INAH, which manages the aspect, has been noncommunication monuments to generally-known access. While visitors can plod encircling them, they can no coveter clamber them or go ininterest their chambers. The most new was El Castillo, which was suspendd behind a San Diego, Calif. , dowager waste to her decease in 2006.