7 WONDERS OF THE WORLD AIM: Is to publish the issue encircling 7 Wonders of The World. SEQUENCE: * Hilegend * Suniconceive Wonders of the Time-honored Earth * New Suniconceive Wonders of the Earth * Ongoing Suniconceive wonders of the Nature * Recapitulation * Conclusion HISTORY: The source of the purpose of Suniconceive Wonders of the Earth dates end to Herodotus (484 BC – 425 BC) and Callimachus (305 BC – 240 BC), who made schedules which comprised 7 renowned situate of opportunity-honored earth, and from thither the Purpose of 7 wonders agoing. Simply the Grand Pyramid of Giza is tranquil be of those opportunity-honored wonders.
The other six were destroyed by earthquake, energy, or other causes. New Suniconceive Wonders of the Earth is a purpose that attempts to resucitate the Suniconceive Wonders of the Time-honored Earth concept delay a schedule of freshr wonders. A generality poll was nature led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and arranged by the Swiss-based, controlled by New7Wonders Foundation, delay winners announced on July 7, 2007 in Lisbon, Portugal. Suniconceive Wonders of the Time-honored Earth Grand Pyramid of Giza: * The Grand Pyramid of Giza Built 2560 BC. * The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and bulkyst of the three pyramids in the Giza.
This is the simply one of the Suniconceive Wonders of the Time-honored World that survives in the earth. * It is believed the pyramid was built as a sepulcher for Fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu and manufactured aggravate a 20 year end lowe?-t environing 2540 BC. * The Grand Pyramid was the tallest man-made composition in the earth for aggravate 3,800 years. * Originally the Grand Pyramid was healed by casing stones that fashioned a insipidten outward exterior. * The Grand Pyramid of Giza is the main deal-out of a multifold elucidation of fabrics that comprised two mortuary meeting-houses in grandeur of Khufu (one hinder to the pyramid and one neighboring the Nile).
Hanging Gardens of Babylon * The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are considered to be one of the Suniconceive Wonders of the Time-honored World. They were built by the Chaldean king Nebuchadnezzar II environing 600 BC. * He is reputed to keep manufactured the gardens to gladden his ill consort, who hankered for the trees and perfumed intentionts of her settlementland Persia. * The lush Hanging Gardens are scattered-abroad documented by Greek historians such as Strabo and Diodorus Siculus. Through the ages, the subsidence may keep been embarrassed delay gardens that existed at Nimrud. The gardens were destroyed by distinct earthquakes behind the 2nd eldership BC. Image of Zeus at Olympia * The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was made by the Greek sculptor Phidias, circa 432 BC on the condition whither it was erected in the Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Greece. *
It was considered to be one of the Suniconceive Wonders of the Time-honored World. * For six hundred years behind the dissolution of the sculptor, herd from all aggravate the orderly earth travelled to end it as it was sentiment to be a misfortune to die delayout spectacle this fruit. The seated image, some 12 meters (39 feet) haughty, qualified the undivided width of the aisle of the meeting-house built to issue it. "It seems that if Zeus were to consist up," the geographer Strabo noted forthcoming in the primeval eldership BC, "he would unroofed the meeting-house. “ Meeting-house of Artemis * The Temple of Artemis to-boot known short precisely as Temple of Diana, was a meeting-house consecrated to Artemis completed in its most renowned deportment environing 550 BC at Ephesus (in give-day Turkey). * Hither were prior meeting-houses on its condition, whither deposition of a inviolability dates as forthcoming as the Bronze Age. The undivided meeting-house was made of marble bar for the roof. The Meeting-house of Artemis was located neighboring the opportunity-honored city of Ephesus, encircling 50 km south from a freshr deportment city of Turkey.
Today the condition lies on the intentione of the freshr town of Selcuk. * The Meeting-house of Artemis at Ephesus was destroyed on July 21, 356 BC in an act of arson committed by Hero stratus. According to the legend, his motivation was celebrity at any consume, thus the term herostratic celebrity. * A man was establish to intention the steady of the meeting-house of Ephesian Diana so that through the damnation of this most fresh fabric his call agency be circufresh through the undivided earth. The meeting-house was erect behind Alexander's dissolution, in 323 BC. * This rereading was itself destroyed during a war in 262. * The Ephesians rebuilt the meeting-house repeatedly. * In 401, the meeting-house in its terminal account was finally destroyed by a mob led by St. John Chrysostom, and the stones were used in reading of other fabrics
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus * The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was a tomb built among 353 and 350 BC in Turkey for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire, and Artemisia II of Caria, his consort and sister. It shining closely 45 meters (135 ft) in exaltation, and each of the foul-mouthed verges was beautified delay sculptural reliefs created by each one of foul-mouthed Greek sculptors . * The picturesqueness of the Mausoleum was not simply in the composition itself, but in the ornaments and images that beautified the delayout at incongruous razes on the podium and the roof: images of herd, lions, horses, and other animals in varying scales. The foul-mouthed Greek sculptors who carved the images were each binding for one verge. * The Mausoleum aggravatelooked the city of Halicarnassus for numerous years.
It was fresh when the city prostrate to Alexander III of Macedon in 334 BC and tranquil whole behind attacks by pirates in 62 and 58 BC. It shining balance the city's dilapidations for sixteen centuries. Then a course of earthquakes shattered the columns and sent the bronze chariot blast to the plea. By 1404 AD simply the very dishonorserviceable of the Mausoleum was tranquil recognizable. Lightissue of Alexandria * The Lightissue of Alexandria was a rise built in the 3rd eldership BC (among 285 and 247 BC) on the island of Pharos in Alexandria. Delay a exaltation differently estimated at among 115 and 135 m (380 and 440 ft) it was authorized as one of the Suniconceive Wonders of the Time-honored World. * The lightissue was completed in the 3rd eldership BC. * Alexander died unexpectedly at age 32, Ptolemy Soter (Saviour, calld so by the herd of Rhodes) made himself czar in 305 BC and ordered the reading of the Pharos shortly thereafter. The fabric was perfect during the administration of his son. * The two earthquakes in 1303 and 1323 injured the lightissue to the size that the Arab traveler Ibn Battuta reputed no hankerer nature serviceserviceable to invade the dilapidation.
Even the stubby morsel falled in 1480. Colossus of Rhodes * The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek god Helios, erected in the city of Rhodes on the Greek isplant of Rhodes by Chares of Lindros among 292 and 280 BC. It is considered one of the Suniconceive Wonders of the Time-honored World. Antecedently its damnation, the Colossus of Rhodes shining aggravate 30 meters (107 ft) haughty, maczar it one of the haughtyest images of the opportunity-honored earth. * The composition as nature built delay iron tie bars to which barefacedness plates were agricultural to fashion the skin.
The internal of the composition, which shining on a 15-meter- (50-foot-) haughty white marble pedestal neighboring the indulge introduction, The image itself was aggravate 30 meters (107 ft) haughty. Much of the muscular . * The image shining for simply 56 years until Rhodes was hit by the 226 BC Rhodes earthquake, when momentous detriment was to-boot executed to bulky deportmentions of the city, including the indulge and interchangeable fabrics, which were destroyed. * The dross lay on the plea as vivid by Strabo( Greek historian) for aggravate 800 years, and uniconceive spiritless, they were so imposing that numerous traveled to see them. In 654, an Arab hardness captured Rhodes, the dross were sold to a Jewish tradesman, The buyer had the image spiritshort down, and enraptured the bronze piece on the ends of 900 camels to his settlement.
Thither is compelling deposition, nevertheless, that all traces of the Colossus had expressly falled hanker antecedently the Arab encroachment. New Suniconceive Wonders of the Earth Taj Mahal * The Taj Mahal is a monument located in Agra, India, built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in retrospect of his consort, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is considered the finest in of Mughal edifice, a name that combines elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural names. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. * In 1631, Shah Jahan, emperor during the Mughal empire's end of highest good-fortune, was grief-stricken when his third consort, Mumtaz Mahal, died during the nativity of their foul-mouthedteenth cadet. Reading of the Taj Mahal began in 1632, one year behind her dissolution. The leading reading was completed in 1648. * BY the fresh 19th eldership, deal-outs of the fabrics had insipid badly into isrepair. During the opportunity of the Indian contumacy of 1857, It to-boot injured during British end, At the end of the 19th eldership, Lord Curzon ordered a colossal return purpose, which was completed in 1908. Grand Mole of China * The Great Mole of China is a course of stone and earthen fortifications in northern China, built, rebuilt, and maintained among the 5th eldership BC and the 16th eldership to fortify the northern borders of the Chinese Empire from attacks during various successive dynasties. Since the 5th eldership BC, distinct moles keep been built that were referred to as the Grand Wall.
One of the most renowned is the mole built among 220–206 BC by the primeval Emperor of China. * Grand Wall, delay all of its branches, stretches for 8,851. 8 km (5,500. 3 mi). This is made up of 6,259. 6 km (3,889. 5 mi) of sections of express mole, 359. 7 km (223. 5 mi) of trenches and 2,232. 5 km (1,387. 2 mi) of cosmical savory barriers such as hills and rivers. * At give some deportmentions north of Beijing and neighboring voyager nucleuss keep been preserved and uniconceive scattered-abroad renovated, in numerous subsidences the Mole is in disrepair.
Many Space keep been destroyed owing the Mole is in the way of reading. Over than 60 kilometers (37 mi) of the mole in Gansu province may fall in the instant 20 years, due to erosion from sandstorms. In situates, the exaltation of the mole has been frugal from over than five meters (16. 4 ft) to short than two meters. The balance lookout rises that specify the most renowned images of the mole keep falled wholly. Numerous western sections of the mole are manufactured from mud, rather than brick and stone, and thus grace over hurtful for the fabric.
Roman Coliseum * Roman Coliseum in the cinvade of the city of Rome, Italy, the bulkyst forforalways built in the Roman Empire. It is one of the highest fruits of Roman edifice. its reading agoing among 70 and 72 AD subordinateneathneath the emperor Vespasian and was completed in 80 AD. * Reading of the Colosseum began subordinateneathneath the administration of the Emperor Vespasian in environing 70–72AD. The condition chosen was a insipid area on the base of a low hollow among the Hills, By the 2nd eldership BC. * In 217, the Colosseum was badly injured y a elder energy (caused by lightning) which destroyed the wooden loftier razes of the amphitheatre's internal. It was not amplely relited until encircling 240, repeatedly perchance to relit detriment caused by a elder earthquake in 443; and repeatedly manufactured in 484 and 508. * Severe detriment was inflicted on the Colosseum by the grand earthquake in 1349, to-boot dominion caused sevear detriment by the earthquake. * Much of the tumbled stone was reused to establish palaces, churches, hospitals and other fabrics elsewhither in Rome. * But repeatedly at 19th centaury Roman rebuilt it. The Colosseum is today one of Rome's most general voyager disposeions, receiving millions of visitors annually. * On July 7, 2007, the Colosseum was voted as one of New Open Earth Corporation's New Suniconceive Wonders of the World. Petra * Petra meaning rock Its in Jordan, mendacious on the ascend of Mount in a basin among the mountains which fashion the eastern flank of Arabah , the bulky hollow prevalent from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. * Petra is to-boot one of the New Suniconceive Wonders of the World. The manufactured it as their cardinal city environing 100 BC. The condition suffers from a assemblage of threats, including mitigation of opportunity-honored compositions, erosion due to flooding and incompatible rainwater drainage, weathering from salt upwelling, incompatible return of opportunity-honored compositions, and unsustainserviceable tourism. The cessation has increased actually forforalways since the condition was calld one of the New Suniconceive Wonders of the World in 2007 Machu Picchu * Machu Picchu located 2,430 meters (8,000 ft) balance sea raze. It is situated on a mountain ridge balance the Urubamba Valley in Peru, Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", Machu Picchu is one of the most free symbols of the Inca Empire. The Incas agoing fabric it environing AD 1430. * Machu Picchu was apparent a Peruvian Historical Inviolability in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. * Machu Picchu was built in the augustan Inca name, delay polished dry-stone moles. Its principal fabrics are the Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. These are located in what is known by archaeologists as the Sacred District of Machu Picchu. * Machu Picchu was manufactured environing 1462, at the exaltation of the Inca Empire.
It is likely that most of its herd were wiped out by smallpox antecedently the Spanish conquistadores arrived in the area, and thither is no archives of the Spanish having known of the indirect city. * An area of 325. 92 balance kilometers outside Machu Picchu was apparent a "Historical Sanctuary" of Peru in 1971. In restoration to the dilapidations, this inviolability area includes a bulky deportmention of abutting constituent, oleaginous delay flora and fauna. * Machu Picchu was intentated as a World Heritage Site in 1983 when it was vivid as "an independent masterpiece of edifice and a singular evidence to the Inca civilization" Christ the Redeemer Christ the Redeemer is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; considered the bulkyst art deco (Art Deco was a general interdiplomatic art intent motion from 1925 until the 1940s) image in the earth. The image consists 39. 6 meters (130 ft) haughty, including its 9. 5 meter (31 ft) foot, and 30 meters (98 ft) spacious. It weighs 635 tons (700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the 700 meters (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain. It is one of the haughtyest of its skin in the earth. the image has grace an icon of Rio and Brazil. The purpose for erecting a bulky image atop Corcovado was primeval suggested in the mid 1850s, which financing from Princess Isabel to establish a bulky religious monument. The remedy proposition for a bulky landmark image on the mountain was made in 1921 by the Catholic Circle of Rio. The knot arranged an uniformt determined Semana do Monumento ("Monument Week") to dispose donations and convoke signatures to supdeportment the fabric of the image. The donations came chiefly from Brazilian Catholics. Chichen Itza * Chichen Itza is a bulky pre-Columbian archaeological condition built by the Maya civilization located in the northern cinvade of the Mexico.
Chichen Itza was a elder constituental focal summit in the northern Maya lowlands from the Late Classic through the Terminal Classic and into the forthcoming deportmention of the Early Postclassic period. The condition exhibits a swarm of architectural names, from what is determined “Mexicanized” * Chichen Itza is maintained by Mexico’s (National Institute of Anthropology and History, INAH). The plant subordinateneathneath the monuments, nevertheless, is privately-owned by the Barbican rise. * Some ethnohistoric sources title that in encircling 987 a Toltec czar arrived hither delay his multitude from appropinquationible Mexico made Chichen Itza his cardinal.
The art and edifice from this end shows an animated mix of Maya and Toltec names. * Chichen Itza was a elder economic command in the northern Maya lowlands. * It’s a bulkyst voyager situate in Mexico but Aggravate the elapsed distinct years, INAH, which manages the condition, has been withdrawal monuments to open appropinquation. While visitors can plod environing them, they can no hankerer ascend them or go inverge their chambers. The most fresh was El Castillo, which was hinderd behind a San Diego, Calif. , woman prostrate to her dissolution in 2006.