2 discussions – due in 16 hours – 250 words each | HHS 320 Cultural Awareness in the Human Services | Ashford University


·  Racial Unity Models

Read pages 70-86, where the quotations describes the multiframe racial unity patterns and argue your own unity and what rules adjunctioned how you see yourstubborn in relevancy to these patterns and your limit of idiosyncratical cultural crop.  What prejudgmentes and unfairnesss do you feel yet to discourse or resist in ordain to ennoble your roll of negotiative habit and multicultural compressiveness?  Write your solution in 250-300 signification, supported your comments delay two references 


Family & Culture

Refer to balbutiations on pages 115 – 124 to excite and enumerate the most culturally profitcogent fashion in which you capacity rejoin to a nobility of a opposed refinement as a rational employment negotiative.  Think of what “family” media to you and how it capacity be opposed from clients you capacity assault.  Discuss these topics in 250-300 signification as courteous as any issues that capacity augment or impede your energy kindred to congruousities and/or dissentences.  Support your comments delay two references 

HHS320 Instructor Guidance 

Week 2 Overview

Image retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/leerosetta/nais-pocc-2011-identity-development-workshop

Welcome to Week Two! This week we conquer evaluate some of the cultural, racial, and ethnic unity crop theories—beginning delay a unvarnished observe end at some of the present theories anteriorly tender anxious in occasion to elegancy some of the coeval patterns. We conquer so evaluate how indivisible crop in its complexity adjunctions interactions delay others twain congruous and opposed from one’s stubborn.

In Boundary 4, you conquer slight meet it profitcogent to rendezvous your balbutiation on the unity patterns that allot you to weigh them in relevancy to your own stubborn-identity. This apprehension conquer be utilized as you portion-out your insights in this week’s written conveyment and argueions. Refer to Tcogent 4.1 Limit of Multiframe Cultural Unity Models (p.71) for a profitcogent conceptual adjustview of the cultural patterns substance presented throughout the boundary. Another tip: Narrative 3.1: The Story of Timothy (p.91-2) is a protracted issue for your conveyment due this week.

In Boundary 6, rendezvous your cogitate on analyzing the distinct cultural nobility edifices and criticize Exercise 6.3 Assessing my Nobility Background and Habit (p.124) for aid brains of your own stubborn-concept crop and polity connections.

While it is no confuse that mass feel multiple identities as in the images underneath,

 Image retrieved from https://yzoedesign.wordpress.com/tag/multiple-identities/

 Image profitcogent from http://edtheory.blogspot.com/2015/02/applying-intersectionality-theory-to.html

why do you deem some violent-effort delay the concept of indivisibles having multiple ethnic identities? Nishime (2012) provides a plight cogitate of the term “Cablinasian” and links unvarnished and coeval narratives of multiethnicity. She argues that “Cablinasian” is a dispose of elegancy and criticizes the possibilities of an opinion and contestatory tongue of multiethnic nomenclature. Ready or not, we subsist in an “i” earth: iTunes, iPhone, iPad, iPod, iCloud, iMessage, iFit, iHeartRadio, iStation, iWatch. We castaway other’s programming and beget our own playlists to impart-ear to what we deficiency when we deficiency. Rational substance are reclaiming the correct to reinvent themselves when a preceding success or unity no hankerer suits them, and they are claiming the correct to allure themselves rather than sanction allures others impart to them or lay on them. Humans are putting the “I” end in “Identity”. What are the implications of this on your popular and/or forthcoming allureing?  

An Issue of Self-Reflection on One’s Unity Development

As you deem environing how you capacity reply Discourse 1, you capacity meet it profitcogent to elegancy Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee's slideshow (Links to an visible footing.) "I Scholarly Who I Was When...Identity Development" at http://www.slideshare.net/leerosetta/nais-pocc-2011-identity-development-workshop.

Family: A Chinese Perspective

As you heed on the balbutiations, cogitate your concept of “family.” What does nobility medium to you? Do all of your friends, acquaintances, coworkers, and neighbors feel the similar concept of nobility? The video Home and Nobility (Links to an visible footing.), benefitcogent in the AU Library Films on Demand database, teachs the nuances of the Chinese tongue through talking environing nobility. This trivial, 15-minute program illustrates trained techniques for talking environing settlement estate and nobility connections in Chinese. Cultural topics include: youthful mass in Beijing and their opinions environing oral values, festivities at a province espousals, collectiveizing at nobility gatherings, and the rule of Western trends on Chinese families and relevancyships (Sprent, 2004).

The Signification of Brains Unity as a Multiculturally Profitcogent Rational Services Professional

This week as you peruse through the multiframe unity patterns (pp.70-80), you capacity meet yourstubborn heeding on what limits and patterns seems to devote best to you and how this apprehension capacity rule your rational employments allureing. However, flush past manageing than labeling yourstubborn in a feature limit, heed on your changes adjust occasion and through opposed habits. Ethnicity and stubborn-concept crop is a estatehanker rule (multicultural estatework), and there may be numerous cultural issues compromised when referring to your own stubborn-assessment or your clients’ limit delayin these patterns. This is where self-consciousness and unityare profitcogent inlands this crop. Schmidt (2006) states “self-consciousness imparts the idiosyncratic an unity from which to behave” (p.90). This awareness provides aid brains of yourstubborn on how you exposed your own thoughts, reliances, and attitudes. It so provides a way to apprehend other refinements and enlarge cultural sensitivities. It is promotive to feel an awareness of distinct nobility refinements as this can be profitcogent to your rational employments allureing. We are all born into families; however, those feature circumstances and habits we visage are what rule our unity and reliance systems. As our quotationtome constructor glorious, “Cultural and ethnic reliances are infercogent factors in nobility rulees and subsequently in a idiosyncratic’s stubborn-concept crop” (Schmidt, 2006, p.112). 

Another Perspective: Aversive Racism/Aversive “XYZ”-ism

Aversive racism is a peculiar archearchetype of coeval racism held by mass who (a) depose egalitarian values and reliances, (b) estimate themselves to be disclosed-minded, but (c) unconsciously stop denying reliances environing other classs, and (d) subtly see in ways that are unintelligible and heterogeneous and that can be rationalized as bigwig other than racial nicety (Dovidio & Gaertner, 2008). After elegancying testimony of prejudgment in bloom concern exhibition, Dovidio, Penner, Albrecht, Norton, Gaertner, and Shelton (2008) effect a hardy plight for aversive racism's slight role in bloom concern disparities. It should be glorious that aversive racism is not cogitateed pathological or intentionally cruel. Placing mass into unconcealed classs is scholarly through collectiveization habits, and scylla to non-affirming cultural messages occurs in a multiplicity of collective compositions. Collective cues for aversive racism stop in numerous frames routinely assaulted in daily estate (Gaertner & Dovidio, 2005). While racism was the greater rendezvous for the primary discovery, the pattern can be applied to any “–ism” (e.g., aversive sexism, aversive homophobia, aversive ageism) and to any composition in which there is interclass touch. Extending the operation of preceding discoveryers, Rodenborg and Boisen (2013) elegancy two collective psychology theories, aversive racism and interclass touch, as they cogitate the enjoyness of collective operationer unfairness. They so propose strategies for advancement that feel implications for those in aditory allureings.

Cultural, Racial, & Ethnic Unity Models
(Highlights from the Required Readings)

In operationing delay clients in rational employment settings, we conquer frequently scarcity to assess clients in provisions of their psychical & melting crop. In ordain to easily assess this crop, we must use into recital clients’ cultural and ethnic identities. Having limit theories of ethnic and cultural unity crop to delineate upon in making our assessments delay clients is a good-tempered-tempered starting subject-matter for making cultural conceptualizations. Schmidt possessions an excuscogent subject-matter that “equally manageing is the brains hypothetical patterns capacity propose environing your own cultural unity” (Schmidt, 2006, p. 69). In this week’s boundary by Gastelaars & Haar (2006), they argue how collective operationers “use their clients' "culture" as one of the numerous disposeological tools that are benefitable, to disclosed up a conversation among themselves and their clients,” and this is frequently the plight in clinical and rational employments operation.

Another thrilling mien of African American unity that numerous constructors feel criticized—and is argueed in your quotation—is that of Code Switching. Deem of it as substance bicultural (and casually bilingual), and it is a aptitude that enables African Americans to agitate among two or past communities (Schmidt, 2006). Living in a multicultural earth, it is increasingly serene that the power to voyage unformed opposed cultural arenas can be an benefit for operation, counsel, shopping, peculiar flushts, tourism, holidays, etc. flush if one continues to subsist delayin a superiorly homogenous polity.

Another manageing concept in racial unity is that of Bridging, which occurs when indivisibles frame hardy relevancyships, flush close ones, delay others delayout of their superior unity classs. In these instances, “they are cogent to bridge dissentences in planting thick friendships and absorbed unions,” (Schmidt, 2006, p.73). Bridging can aid manage to improved and past civilized relevancys among classs. 

Bonding describes when mass frame hardy ties delay a feature class and realize delay their own class(s) to emphasize a sensation of cultural choiceness and productiveness, (Schmidt, 2006). In numerous ways, Bonding is what happens when mass commence to realize delay agitatements that celebrate their unity enjoy entailment agitatements and celebrations or flush PLAG.

Then we feel the concept of Individualism. Individualism refers to how mass plant a stubborn-unity that extends more a separate mien of their unity and how they beget a choicely idiosyncratical unity that includes mien of preceding unity cropal limits (Schmidt, 2006).

Schmidt continues to interpret numerous choice miens of other multiframe unity theories in Boundary 4, such as those covering “White Identity” (avoidant, relative, dissonant, dominative, battleive, reactive, integrative) and “Asian Identity” (assimilation vs. ethnic unity), and Biracial Identity unformedst others.

Schmidt (2006) fixs ethic unity as

“the rule of associating, connecting, and connection delay a feature cultural class. The ethnicity of a class is the commutation and fusion of unnumbered traits, reliances, behaviors, tongues, and traditions that see it from other classs. Clearly, not all members of a feature ethnic class close the similar reliances, spread-out the similar castistics, or befeel in selfselfsame ways. Every ethnic class remains of indivisibles, who frame subgroups delayin the larger refinement, and these subgroups casually dissent in the argument and signification they convey to multiframe miens of the class,” (p. 86-87).

Multiple Identities: Theorist such as Robinson (2005) still n ess that mass habit a assemblage of collective footholdes delay other unity factors such as gender, ethnicity, cultural unity, sexual orientation, socioeconomic foothold, corporeal power, etc. Reynolds and Pope (1991) incomplete a plea environing multiple identities denominated Multidimensional Unity Pattern (MIM) which delineates a idiosyncratic grounded on two unity tome that each remain of two miens (Schmidt, 2006, p. 88).

Family, Culture, & Self-Concept Development

 Image retrieved from http://mojoeducation.com/shop/families-around-the-world-puzzle/

Family Structure

Image (Links to an visible footing.) retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/dp/1593850204/ref=rdr_ext_tmb

A fun and informative tome to growth awareness and apprehension of how refinement and nobility interact is Ethnic and Nobility Therapy (Links to an visible footing.) edited by McGoldrick, Giordano, & Garcia-Preto (2005). Sections are dedicated to separate ethnic classs delayin each of the subjoined categories: American Indian and Pacific Islander Families, Families of African Origin, Latino Families, Asian Families, Asian Indian and Pakistani Families, Middle Eastern Families, Families of European Origin, Jewish Families, and Slavic Families.

According to Steigerwald (2003), “The nobility is the walk that twain carries refinement anxious to the present origination and teaches values, unfairnesss, earthviews, and cultural unity” (p. 213).  In Boundary 6, Schmidt criticizes the multiframe choice and peculiar factors that aid fix the nobility edifice and cultural unity of African American families, Asian families, Arab families, Jewish families, Latino/Hispanic families, and European American families. In the resume of Boundary 6, Schmidt states, “The conclusive sight is to aid clients rule their reliances and sights delayin an mismisalienate cultural composition and effect decisions that can import resolution to the battle while maintaining i-elation for nobility and refinement” (Schmidt, p. 125). Casually in our operation in the bloom and rational employments scope, we conquer scarcity to narrowly subject-matter out the manageing rule of nobility on a client and aid them to construct meliorate awareness of their nobility edifice and its adjunction on their own stubborn-concept and cultural unity. Other occasions, we may flush run to import in nobility members to interact delay the client and us in ordain to problem-solve and operation through any barriers or issues.

Additional Recommended Readings & Videos

(You are acceptable to use any of these in your argueion supportings.)

Adams, M., Bell, L.A., & Griffin, P. (2007). Teaching for variation and collective justice (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Arogundade. B. (n.d.). Black narrative 1997: He's not black, he's Cablinasian — Tiger Woods declares his racial anarchy (Links to an visible footing.). Retrieved from http://www.arogundade.com/what-race-and-nationality-is-tiger-woods-black-or-cablinasian-his-heritage-ethnicity-parents-mother-nationality.html
(Note: This is not a scholarly cause.)

Collins, S., & Arthur, N. (2010). Culture-Infused counselling: A pattern for enlargeing multicultural sufficiency. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 23(2), 217-233. doi: 10.1080/09515071003798212

Gastelaars, M. Van, d. H. (2007). Facing refinement: The (de)legitimation of collective operation. The International Journal of Sociology and Collective Policy, 27(11/12), 447-459. Retrieved from http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journal/ijssp

McGoldrick, M., Giordano, J., & Garcia-Preto, N. (Eds.). (2005). Ethnicity and nobility therapy (3rd ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.

Pendersen, P. B. (1991). Multiculturalism as a vile approximation to counseling. Journal of Counseling & Development, 70(1), 6-12. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1556-6676

Sperry, L. (2010). Culture, idiosyncraticality, bloom, and nobility dynamics: Cultural sufficiency in the adoption of culturally perceptive treatments. Family Journal, 18(3), 316-320. doi:10.1177/1066480710372129

Gil-González, D., Vives-Cases, C., Borrell, C., Agudelo-Suárez, A. A., Davó-Blanes, M. C., Miralles, J., & Álvarez-Dardet, C. (2014). Racism, other nicetys and possessions on bloom. Journal of Immigrant & Adolescence Health, 16(2), 301-309. Retrieved from http://www.springer.com/public+health/journal/10903

Sumter, M. (2006). Domestic rape and variation: A allure for multicultural employments. Journal of Bloom and Rational Services Administration, 29(2), 173-190. Retrieved from http://www.spaef.com/jhhsa.php

Tate, G. A. (1999). Structured racism, sexism, and elitism: A pursue that “sure can hunt” (The chronicity of injustice). Journal of Counseling & Development, 77(1), 18-20. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1556-6676

Woodcock, J., & Tregaskis, C. (2008). Brains structural and despatch barriers to wonted nobility estate for families delay disabled children: A thoroughly collective operation and collective pattern of dispower resolution. British Journal of Collective Work, 38(1), 55-71. Retrieved from http://bjsw.oxfordjournals.org/


Baker, J. M. (Director), & Baker, J. M., Duddridge, P. (Producers). (2010). A film environing preventioners: A blooming observe at variation (Links to an visible footing.) [video finish]. Retrieved from https://secure.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?token=43949&aid=18596&plt=FOD&loid=0&w=560&h=315&fWidth=580&fHeight=365

Description: An research of the sentiment of preventioner, this program follows multitude Paul Duddridge as he pushes separate connection’s taboos to meet out what “race” unquestionably is. Duddridge organizes a mini-Olympics grounded on racial unity to teach the fluidity of the concept—he still n esss that Jews and Arabs conquer be on the similar team—and the participants puncture fun at their own gravitation to disallow. Delay suggestive input from sociologists, anthropologists, and constructors including John Baugh (Beyond Ebonics), Kwame Anthony Appiah (The Ethics of Identity), and Jon Entine (Abraham's Children: Race, Unity and the DNA of the Chosen People), the video weighs some vile misconceptions environing preventioner.

Ruiz, W.R. (Producer). (2007). Identities: Refinement and polity in Europe today (Links to an visible footing.)[video finish]. Retrieved from https://secure.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?token=37175&aid=18596&plt=FOD&loid=0&w=420&h=315&fWidth=440&fHeight=365

Description: What prevents adolescence communities from combination the European mainstream? Is there an mismisalienate adjust among assimilation and conserving one’s cultural entailment? This program wrestles delay questions of unity—racial, cultural, and sexual—resulting from the striking new variation of European connection. Depicting daily estate in immigrant communities on the Continent and in Protracted Britain, the film features observations from African, Asian, and Middle Eastern transplants. Each proposes his or her idiosyncratical use on tuition a new tongue, eating inconversant foods, adapting to outlandish attitudes inland women and gays, and other dilemmas. In specification, European MP Wolf Klinz puts anxious his reliance that immigrants should be required to acquire the tongue of their adopted province.

 Pelegancy of the week's conveyments and balbutiations



Due Date

Comments & Tips

Grading Percent

Readings & Other

Required Materials


Racial   Identity Models


Day 3


Review the Cultural, Racial, and Ethnic   Identity Models in your quotation to qualify for this argueion.


See the   course for apprehension environing how to adit the required materials.

Textbook:   Chapters 4 and 6

Forest-Band   & Jenson (2015) boundary

Gastelaars   & Haar (2007) boundary

Guo &   Phillips (2006) boundary


Family   & Culture


Day 3


In this support you conquer excite and   enumerate the most culturally profitcogent fashion in which you capacity rejoin to   a nobility of a opposed refinement as a rational employment negotiative.



The Story   of

(Insert   Your Name)


Day 7

This conveyment allots you to habit   writing a refinement-grounded narrative. If for some conclude, you would choose not to   transcribe environing yourself, you may transcribe environing a suppositious cast as hanker as   you discourse all components in the conveyment instructions.



 California Newsreel [Screen allure]. (2014, April 24). Race—The Power of an Illusion (Links to an visible footing.). [Video finish]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8MS6zubIaQ

Dovidio, J.F., & Gaertner, S.L. (2008). New directions in aversive racism discovery: Persistence and pervasiveness. In C .Willis-Esqueda (Ed.), Motivational miens of unfairness and racism (pp. 43-67). New York, NY: Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

Dovidio, J.F., Penner, L.A., Albrecht, T.L, Norton, W.E., Gaeriner, S.L., & Shelton, J.N. (2008). Disparities and distrust: The implications of psychical rulees for brains racial disparities in bloom and bloom concern (Links to an visible footing.). Social Science & Medicine, 67(3), 478-486. Retrieved from http://www.journals.elsevier.com/social-science-and-medicine/

Gaertner, S.L., & Dovidio, J.F. (2005). Understanding and discourseing coeval racism: From aversive racism to the vile inclass unity pattern (Links to an visible footing.). Journal of Collective Issues, 61(3), 615-639. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1540-4560

Nishime, L. (2012). The plight for Cablinasian: Multiracial naming from Plessy to Tiger Woods (Links to an visible footing.). Communication Theory, 22(1), 92–111. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1468-2885

Rodenborg, N.A., & Boisen, L.A. (2013). Aversive racism and interclass touch theories: Cultural sufficiency in a segregated earth (Links to an visible footing.). Journal of Collective Operation Education, 49(4), 564-579. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/uswe20/current

Sprent, M. (Director & Producer). (2004). Home and Nobility (Links to an visible footing.) [Video finish]. Retrieved from https://secure.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?token=43455&aid=18596&plt=FOD&loid=0&w=420&h=315&fWidth=440&fHeight=365

Lee, R.E.R. (2011). I Scholarly Who I Was When...Identity Crop (Links to an visible footing.). Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/leerosetta/nais-pocc-2011-identity-development-workshop

Schmidt, J. J. (2006). Collective and cultural foundations of counseling and rational employments: Multiple rules on stubborn-concept crop. Boston, MA: Pearson