discussion

Osteoporosis

What is Osteoporosis?

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Osteoporosis is an age-related, debilitating disorder characterized by a general decrease in bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue.

Bone is living, growing tissue that changes throughout life.

Bone Remodeling
Resorption – removes older bone
Formation – replaces with new bone

Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis develops when bone resorption occurs to quickly or bone replacement occurs too slowly.

Risk Factors
Age
Postmenopausal
Being female
White/Asian
Small frame
Thin-boned
Family history
Diet low in calcium and vitamin D
Sedentary lifestyle
Cigarette smoking
Excessive alcohol or caffeine
Anorexia nervosa or bulimia

Who Osteoporosis Effects?
8 million women

1 in 2 women older than age 50 will have an osteoporosis-related fracture in her lifetime.

Osteoporosis is responsible for 1.5 million factures per year.

Signs and Symptoms
Osteoporosis – “silent disease”
Often time women do not realize they have osteoporosis until they fracture a bone.
There is no pain or specific symptoms with this condition.

Some women notice a loss of height as the vertebrae weaken, collapse, and fracture.

Screening and Diagnosis
Bone Mineral Density Test
Painless, noninvasive, and safe
Test
Spine, hip, wrist, finger, kneecap, shin bone, or heel
(depends on the machine used)

Women who should be tested:
All postmenopausal women younger than 65 who have more than one risk factor.
All women over 65
Postmenopausal women with fractures

Prevention and Treatment
Calcium
Vitamin D
Weight-bearing and muscle-strengthening exercises
Estrogen replacement therapy and other prescription drugs

Osteoporosis Disc topic 1

Watch the power point on osteoporosis. Discuss any topics pertinent to how your personal life is affected by this disease and find an article or reliable web source related to this and discuss this with your classmates.

500 words required and a reference for any health related info you give us about osteoporosis

Disc topic 2

The passage in which the initial fated cells were removed from Henrietta Lacks’s body reads as follows (see page 33):

“With Henrietta unconscious on the operating table in the center of the room, her feet in stirrups, the surgeon on duty, Dr. Lawrence Wharton, Jr., sat on a stool between her legs. He peered inside Henrietta, dilated her cervix, and prepared to treat her tumor. But first – though no one had told Henrietta that TeLinde was collecting samples or asked if she wanted to be a donor – Wharton picked up a sharp knife and shaved two dime-sized pieces of tissue from Henrietta’s cervix: one from her tumor, and one from the healthy cervical tissue nearby. Then he placed the samples in a glass dish.”

Bearing in mind that those two tissue samples removed from Henrietta were not removed in an attempt to treat her cancer, but rather purely for purposes of research, do you think this was done to Henrietta because of her race? And if so, then if she were white, they would not have taken the samples.

Remember to site the passage in the book (Page and phrase) that supports the conclusion you give in your answer. This question itself is example of how you should do your reference. We know which book it comes from so I want to know what in this book made you come to your thinking.

On this assignment I want you to answer this based on readings from the book not on what you assume because of the times. Look at this instance specifically, and as long as the conclusions you come to can be supported by information in the book (cite the specific passages) you are good to go!

500 words required and replies to three classmates.

Discussion Topic 3

There are many health issues that would be appropriate to discuss and give feedback about to each other. Many of us struggle with issues about weight, stress, depression, menopapuse, diseases or even our unhealthy habits. This board is an open forum for you to discuss any health issue that you wish to comment on or try to get some feedback on from your classmates. Make you initial posting about a topic that interest you and see where it goes and if someone else has an interest as well.

Remember, however, to put a reference to a good source on the topic you are discussing. 500 words

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