READ READ READ
Must follow all directions. Read and answer the prompt. A quiz will also be uploaded after to take. Cant google the question must read to understand and pass the quiz.
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On p. 5 of the textbook there are twenty propositions. Decide whether you consider each proposition to be
· probably true
· probably false
For each of the twenty statements, do the following:
(a) Write the proposition. (b) State your choice from the five options above. (c) Briefly [1-2 sentences] state why you picked the answer you chose.
Textbook, p. 42, Q2 (with modifications)
Pick one of your fundamental beliefs, one that you take to be important and worth fighting for.
(If you are stuck, think about the answers you gave for “What Do You Believe?” Pick one of the ones you deemed to be true.)
Write an essay of 300-500 words in which you (a) state your belief, (b) describe an objection to your belief, and (c) respond to that objection. Please avoid common logical fallacies.
A Quiz will be uploaded once the questions are answered I need to upload that first to access the quiz. The Quiz will be multiple choice; these questions can’t be googled. Person must read to understand and pass the quiz.
Chapter 1 Self-Assessment
Can be found at
1. A question-and-answer dialogue in which propositions are methodically scrutinized to uncover the truth is known as
A) an argument.
B) the Socratic method.
C) the Socratic jest.
D) a debate.
2. If you assume that a set of statements is true, and yet you can deduce a false or absurd statement from it, then the original set of statements as a whole must be false. This kind of argument is known as
A) modus tollens.
B) modus ponens.
C) hypothetical syllogism.
D) reductio ad absurdum.
3. The famous statement “An unexamined life is not worth living”€ is attributed to
B) John Locke.
4. The study of value in the broadest sense (moral, aesthetic, etc.) is known as
C) quantum physics.
5. According to Socrates, a clear sign that a person has __________ is her exclusive pursuit of social status, wealth, power, and pleasure.
A) philosophical ambition
B) worldly wisdom
C) exceptional desires
D) an unhealthy soul
6. In an argument, the statement being supported is the conclusion, and the statements supporting the conclusion are the
A) middle statement.
7. Words such as consequently, therefore, and as a result are
A) premise indicator words.
B) conclusion indicator words.
8. Arguments intended to give logically conclusive support to their conclusions so that if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true are
9. The renowned philosopher who lived and worked in the Greek city of Alexandria in the fifth century was
10. The fallacy of misrepresenting a person’s views so they can be more easily attacked or dismissed is called the
A) appeal to popularity.
B) fallacy of equivocation.
C) genetic fallacy.
D) straw man fallacy.
11. The fallacy of rejecting a statement on the grounds that it comes from a particular person is known as
A) appeal to ignorance.
C) false dilemma
D) appeal to the person.
12. The fallacy of arguing that a claim must be true simply because many people believe it is known as
A) the appeal to popularity.
B) the fallacy of equivocation.
C) the genetic fallacy.
D) begging the question
13. The fallacy of __________ is trying to prove a conclusion by using that very same conclusion as support.
C) false dilemma
D) begging the question
? Aristotle said, “An unexamined life is not worth living”
15. True or False? Any type of declarative statement is an argument.
16. True or False? An argument is synonymous with persuasion.
17. True or False? A deductive argument is an argument intended to give probable support to its conclusion.
18. True or False? If inductive arguments succeed in lending very probable support to their conclusions, they are said to be weak.
19. True or False? An argument is not synonymous with causes.
20. True or False? Modus tollens is a valid argument form.
21. True or False? An argument of this form “If p, then q; p; therefore, q” is called modus tollens.
22. True or False? In the argument form known as inference to the best explanation, we reason in this fashion: Two or more things are similar in several ways; therefore, they are probably similar in one further way.
23. True or False? When you read a philosophical essay, you are simply trying to glean some facts from it as you might if you were reading a science text or technical report.
24. True or False? The key to identifying an argument in context is to first identify the author.
25. True or False? This classic argument, “The Bible says that God exists; the Bible is true because God wrote it; therefore, God exists” is an example of begging the question.
26. True or False? Empedocles articulated the basic outlines of natural selection twenty-five centuries ago.
27. True or False? Philosophy, being an ancient art, cannot be applied to modern social problems such as racism.
28. True or False? Philosophy, being an ancient art, cannot be applied to modern social problems such as racism.