**Please read the file attached for paper requirements**
1. According to the readings, philosophy began in ancient Egypt and then spread to Greece.
2. This question is based on the presentation of logical concepts in the first reading.
Consider the following argument: “All chemists are Lutheran. Rita is Lutheran. So, Rita must be a chemist.”
Is the argument …
Deductive & Invalid
Inductive & Valid
Deductive & Strong
Inductive & Weak
3. Would Socrates agree or disagree with the following statement:
Each of us invents his or her own truth and if you feel it in your heart and really want it to be true then don’t listen to those who criticize your belief.
He would agree
He would disagree
4. According to the first reading, Thales asked some important “gateway” questions. Which of the following is not one of the gateway questions discussed in the reading:
Does the diverse range of things we experience have a single common explanation or cause?
Does God exist?
Is the universe intelligible?
5. Scientism is the belief that science is one of many paths to truth about the world.
6. Deductive arguments always aim to show
The conclusion is probably true
The conclusion must be true
7. In the type of argument known as _____, we begin with premises about a phenomenon or state of affairs to be explained; then we reason from those premises to an explanation for that state of affairs.
inference to the best explanation
8. In the online lecture, the multiverse hypothesis is put forward by Stenger in support of theism.
9. According to the reading, the cosmic coincidences were known in ancient times.
10. According to the reading, the problem with Darwin’s claim that his theory of natural selection explains all the order in nature is that no evolutionary process of natural selection is possible unless a background system of amazing complexity already exists; but since it must exist prior to any evolutionary process, it cannot be explained as the result of an evolutionary process.
11. Suppose we have two highly improbable hypotheses: H1 and H2. Suppose H2 is slightly less improbable than H1, all else equal.
According to the presentation of best explanation arguments in the reading, H2 presents a more reasonable explanation than H1.
12. According to the reading, the fine tuning argument shows that we can know with certainty that an intelligent designer exists.
13. According to the readings, science cannot possibly explain the source of the order in the universe.
14. The design argument is presented in the readings as an analogical argument and it is also presented as an inference to the best explanation.
15. According to the online readings, Ockham’s Razor favors the multiverse theory over theism,
16. The proposition that Mount Rainier has snow on its peak would be an example of a proposition known to be true a priori.
17. Which of the following is an empirically justified claim?
1 + 1 = 2
The sky is blue.
18. According to the traditional definition of knowledge, if you believe P, and P is true then you know P is true.
19. Which of the following is known a priori?
Snow is white.
The ocean is salty.
2 + 2 = 4
20. Socrates argued that if you believe some proposition P on the basis of strong emotions and certain feelings, then you know that P is true.
21. The correspondence theory of truth is a relativistic theory of truth. In other words, if the correspondence theory is true, then truth is relative to each person’s perspective and there is no such thing as objective truth.
22. According to the divisibility argument, If the mind is not divisible and the brain is divisible, then it logically follows that mind and brain are not the same thing.
23. According to the text, “what is truth?” is an epistemological question.
24. Suppose two strangers show up at a party and are surprised to see that they are wearing the same outfit.
Which sense of sameness is being used in the preceding sentence: qualitative or numerical?
25. According to the reading, a philosophical behaviorist would be likely to share Princess Elizabeth’s concern.
26. Bonus +3:
According to the readings, the following claim is self-refuting: ” Science is our only path to truth; nothing outside of science counts as real knowledge.”
27. Bonus Question +3
According to the readings, the distinction between the theoretical and the practical is bogus.
28. Bonus Question +3
“The question of God’s existence is a subjective question, because everyone has their own beliefs about it.”
Would the author of our text agree with this statement?