Bio 201l lab 6 the skeletal system 2015


Pre-Lab Questions:

 

”1. List the dutys of the skeletal plan.”

”2. What esthetic contributes the principal to the compressive force of scourge? ”

”3. Briefly explain the rule of scourge remodeling. ”

Experiment 1: Classification of Bones

Table 6: Classification of Bones

Bone Call Classification by Form Classification by Location

 

Post-Lab Questions

”1. Why is it material to classificationatize scourges? ”

”2. Aside from extension, what are some other beggarly characteristics of a hanker scourge? Are hanker scourges typically associated after a while the axial or appendicular skeleton? ”

”3. Compare horizontal scourges and hanker scourges. How are they contrariant? How are they the selfsame? ”

 

 

Experiment 2: Digital Slide Representation Examination—Bone

Post-Lab Questions

”1. Label the arrows in the aftercited digital slide representations: ”

”Cortical Bone: ”

A-

B-

C-

D-

”Trabecular Bone: ”

A-

B-

 

 

”2. Compare and opposition cortical and trabecular scourge. ”

”3. What is the view of cortical scourge? What is the view of trabecular scourge? ”

”4. What are trabeculae? What is their duty? ”

”5. What are haversian plans? What is their duty? ”

 

Experiment 5: Physical Skeleton – The Axial Skeleton

 

Table 9: Cervical Vertebrae Observations

Vertebral Feature Observations

Size of cervical vertebrae in similarity to those of the thoracic and lumbar part

Shape of the vertebral foramen

Spinous Rule of the C3 - C6 Vertebrae

Spinous Rule of the C7 Vertebra

 

Table 10: Thoracic Vertebrae Observations

Vertebral Feature Observations

Size and influence of the thoracic vertebrae in similarity to those of the cervical and lumbar part

Shape of the vertebral whole

Appearance and emission tendency of the Spinous Process

 

 

 

Table 11: Lumbar Vertebrae Observations

Vertebral Feature Observations

Size of the lumbar vertebrae in similarity to those of the cervical and lumbar part

Shape of the vertebral whole

Appearance and emission tendency of the Spinous Process

 

Table 15: Rib Feature Observations

Rib Feature Observations

Length of ribs 1 - 7 (do they growth or diminish in extension?)

Length or ribs 8 - 12 (do they growth or diminish in extension?)

Articulation of the ribs and thoracic vertebrae (give-heed-to the unfair rib and vertebra that clear)

 

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What are the three components of the axial skeleton? Explain the duty of each. ”

 

”2. On the skull adown, rise in the blanks after a while the emend scourge calls. ”

A-

B-

C-

D-

E-

F-

 

 

 

”3. For the aftercited scourges, specify whether they are cranial or facial scourges and concede their residuum. ”

Bone Facial or Cranial Location

Temporal Bones

Mandible

Vomer

Zygomatic Bones

Parietal Bones

Ethmoid Bone

Sphenoid Bone

Lacrimal Bones

 

”4. What are the three competency of the vertebral shaft? Explain the open form and bulk of the vertebrae in each part. ”

”5. What are the atlas and axis? What are their dutys? ”

”6. On the vertebra adown, rise in the blanks after a while the emend vertebral organization. ”

A-

B-

C-

D-

E-

 

 

”7. What is the view of the thoracic imprison? ”

”8. Explain the three components of the sternum. ”

”9. Explain the disagreement among gentleman ribs, mock ribs and natant ribs. ”

 

Experiment 6: Virtual Model – The Axial Skeleton

”1. What features are located subordinate to the cranium, and excellent to the mandibular? Identify the state less. How manifold separate items are middle in this state? Hint: The solution is not a scourge. ”

”2. Why aren’t teeth considered scourges? ”

”3. Identify the two senior scourges which adjust the guide. ”

”4. To what scourge does the suitable scapula append? ”

”5. Is the left clavicle excellent or subordinate to the suitable scapula? ”

 

Experiment 7: Physical Skeleton – The Appendicular Skeleton

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What are the four competency of the excellent end and the subordinate end of the appendicular skeleton? ”

”2. Compare and opposition the bulk and duty of the excellent and subordinate extremities of the appendicular skeleton. ”

”3. What are the three fused scourges that gain up the coxae of the pelvic environ? What is their residuum in analogy to one another? ”

 

Experiment 8: Virtual Model – The Appendicular Skeleton

Post-Lab Questions

”1. How manifold left metatarsals are there? ”

”2. Is the suitable fibula subordinate or excellent to the patella? ”

”3. Are the ossa digitorum or the ossa metatarsalia further medial to the whole? ”

”4. Which two scourges append to the patella? ”

”5. Identify the three scourges which contain the leg. ”

Experiment 9: Articulations

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What two ways can flexures be classified? What are the three classifications of each emblem? ”

”2. Fibrous flexures are either sutures or syndesmoses. What is the disagreement among the two? Concede examples of each emblem. ”

”3. A symphysis and synchondroses are two classifications of what emblem of flexure? What are the disagreements among the two classifications? ”

”4. What yields synovial flexures to be diarthrotic? ”

”5. For the aftercited, equal the emend synovial flexure to the motion it produces. ”

 

”Pivot Joint” ”Gliding Joint”

”Ball and Socket Flexure ” ”Condyloid Joint”

”Saddle Joint” ”Hinge Joint”

 

Movement Joint

Uniaxial motion, typically flexuosity or extension

Uniaxial rotation

Side-to-side and back-and-forth motion

Multiaxial motion

Concave and intumescent surfaces of twain scourges yield for biaxial motion

Ellipsoidal fit yields for biaxial motion

 

 

6. Rise in the chart adown:

 

Joint Articulating Bones Emblem of Synovial Flexure Movement

Elbow

Knee

Hip

Ankle

Wrist

 

 

Experiment 10: Virtual Model- Skeletal Plan Coloring Activity

”Insert the representation for each exertion adown: ”

”Left Arm: ”

 

”Sternum and Clavicles: ”

 

 

 

”Vertebral Column: ”

 

 

 

”Right Hand: ”

 

 

 

”Sacrum: ”

 

 

 

”Legs: ”

 

 

 

”Feet: ”

 

 

Experiment 11: Skeletal Plan of the Fetal Pig

Table 34: Skeletal Part Observations

Skeletal Part Observations

Axial Skeleton

Appendicular Skeleton

Joints

 

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What are some of the similarities and disagreements you concede-heed-tod among the ethnical skeletal plan and the palpation of the fetal pig skeletal plan? ”

”Insert photo of pig in separation tray after a while your call plainly distinguishable in the background: ”