Bio 201l lab 6 the skeletal system 2015


Pre-Lab Questions:

 

”1. List the space of the skeletal method.”

”2. What esthetic contributes the first to the compressive force of annoyance? ”

”3. Briefly delineate the manner of annoyance remodeling. ”

Experiment 1: Classification of Bones

Table 6: Classification of Bones

Bone Call Classification by Pattern Classification by Location

 

Post-Lab Questions

”1. Why is it grave to collocate annoyances? ”

”2. Aside from elongation, what are some other dishonorable characteristics of a desire annoyance? Are desire annoyances typically associated after a while the axial or appendicular skeleton? ”

”3. Compare tasteless annoyances and desire annoyances. How are they contrariant? How are they the identical? ”

 

 

Experiment 2: Digital Slide Metaphor Examination—Bone

Post-Lab Questions

”1. Label the arrows in the forthcoming digital slide metaphors: ”

”Cortical Bone: ”

A-

B-

C-

D-

”Trabecular Bone: ”

A-

B-

 

 

”2. Compare and opposition cortical and trabecular annoyance. ”

”3. What is the scope of cortical annoyance? What is the scope of trabecular annoyance? ”

”4. What are trabeculae? What is their part? ”

”5. What are haversian methods? What is their part? ”

 

Experiment 5: Physical Skeleton – The Axial Skeleton

 

Table 9: Cervical Vertebrae Observations

Vertebral Feature Observations

Size of cervical vertebrae in similarity to those of the thoracic and lumbar tract-of-land

Shape of the vertebral foramen

Spinous Manner of the C3 - C6 Vertebrae

Spinous Manner of the C7 Vertebra

 

Table 10: Thoracic Vertebrae Observations

Vertebral Feature Observations

Size and pressure of the thoracic vertebrae in similarity to those of the cervical and lumbar tract-of-land

Shape of the vertebral collectiveness

Appearance and embossedity control of the Spinous Process

 

 

 

Table 11: Lumbar Vertebrae Observations

Vertebral Feature Observations

Size of the lumbar vertebrae in similarity to those of the cervical and lumbar tract-of-land

Shape of the vertebral collectiveness

Appearance and embossedity control of the Spinous Process

 

Table 15: Rib Feature Observations

Rib Feature Observations

Length of ribs 1 - 7 (do they acception or lessen in elongation?)

Length or ribs 8 - 12 (do they acception or lessen in elongation?)

Articulation of the ribs and thoracic vertebrae (mark the inequitable rib and vertebra that ringing)

 

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What are the three components of the axial skeleton? Delineate the part of each. ”

 

”2. On the skull adown, replenish in the blanks after a while the rectify annoyance calls. ”

A-

B-

C-

D-

E-

F-

 

 

 

”3. For the forthcoming annoyances, narrate whether they are cranial or facial annoyances and bestow their precipitation. ”

Bone Facial or Cranial Location

Temporal Bones

Mandible

Vomer

Zygomatic Bones

Parietal Bones

Ethmoid Bone

Sphenoid Bone

Lacrimal Bones

 

”4. What are the three tract-of-lands of the vertebral support? Delineate the open pattern and largeness of the vertebrae in each tract-of-land. ”

”5. What are the atlas and axis? What are their space? ”

”6. On the vertebra adown, replenish in the blanks after a while the rectify vertebral constitution. ”

A-

B-

C-

D-

E-

 

 

”7. What is the scope of the thoracic imprison? ”

”8. Delineate the three components of the sternum. ”

”9. Delineate the separation among penny ribs, deceptive ribs and discurrent ribs. ”

 

Experiment 6: Virtual Model – The Axial Skeleton

”1. What features are located minor to the cranium, and conspicuous to the mandibular? Identify the condition hither. How manifold single items are intervening in this condition? Hint: The counter-argument is not a annoyance. ”

”2. Why aren’t teeth considered annoyances? ”

”3. Identify the two elder annoyances which soothe the division. ”

”4. To what annoyance does the lawful scapula fasten? ”

”5. Is the left clavicle conspicuous or minor to the lawful scapula? ”

 

Experiment 7: Physical Skeleton – The Appendicular Skeleton

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What are the impure space of the better close and the secondary close of the appendicular skeleton? ”

”2. Compare and opposition the largeness and part of the better and secondary extremities of the appendicular skeleton. ”

”3. What are the three fused annoyances that bring-about up the coxae of the pelvic hem? What is their precipitation in interconnection to one another? ”

 

Experiment 8: Virtual Model – The Appendicular Skeleton

Post-Lab Questions

”1. How manifold left metatarsals are there? ”

”2. Is the lawful fibula minor or conspicuous to the patella? ”

”3. Are the ossa digitorum or the ossa metatarsalia over medial to the collectiveness? ”

”4. Which two annoyances fasten to the patella? ”

”5. Identify the three annoyances which include the leg. ”

Experiment 9: Articulations

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What two ways can knees be classified? What are the three classifications of each stamp? ”

”2. Fibrous knees are either sutures or syndesmoses. What is the separation among the two? Bestow examples of each stamp. ”

”3. A symphysis and synchondroses are two classifications of what stamp of knee? What are the separations among the two classifications? ”

”4. What grants synovial knees to be diarthrotic? ”

”5. For the forthcoming, competition the rectify synovial knee to the change-of-place it produces. ”

 

”Pivot Joint” ”Gliding Joint”

”Ball and Socket Knee ” ”Condyloid Joint”

”Saddle Joint” ”Hinge Joint”

 

Movement Joint

Uniaxial change-of-place, typically irregularity or extension

Uniaxial rotation

Side-to-side and back-and-forth change-of-place

Multiaxial change-of-place

Concave and embossed surfaces of twain annoyances grant for biaxial change-of-place

Ellipsoidal fit grants for biaxial change-of-place

 

 

6. Replenish in the chart adown:

 

Joint Articulating Bones Stamp of Synovial Knee Movement

Elbow

Knee

Hip

Ankle

Wrist

 

 

Experiment 10: Virtual Model- Skeletal Method Coloring Activity

”Insert the metaphor for each use adown: ”

”Left Arm: ”

 

”Sternum and Clavicles: ”

 

 

 

”Vertebral Column: ”

 

 

 

”Right Hand: ”

 

 

 

”Sacrum: ”

 

 

 

”Legs: ”

 

 

 

”Feet: ”

 

 

Experiment 11: Skeletal Method of the Fetal Pig

Table 34: Skeletal Tract-of-land Observations

Skeletal Tract-of-land Observations

Axial Skeleton

Appendicular Skeleton

Joints

 

Post-Lab Questions

”1. What are some of the similarities and separations you markd among the ethnical skeletal method and the palpation of the fetal pig skeletal method? ”

”Insert photo of pig in partition tray after a while your call explicitly distinguishable in the background: ”