Biol 133 chapter 7-11 multiple choice


 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 7

 

 

 

 

 

Part 1 of 1 -         6.0/ 10.0 Points

 

 

 

Question 1 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

What area is not concerned delay pumping protons to the intermembrane distance?

 

 

 

 A.multifold I

 

 

 

 B.multifold II

 

 

 

 C.multifold III

 

 

 

 D.multifold IV

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 2 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

NADH and FADH2 are products of

 

 

 

 A.chemiosmosis

 

 

 

 B.glycolysis

 

 

 

 C.oxidation/reduction reactions

 

 

 

 D.substrate raze phosphorylation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 3 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

When has glucose been broken down from its pristine 6 carbon monad to 6 monads of carbon dioxide?

 

 

 

 A.oxidation of pyruvate

 

 

 

 B.glycolysis

 

 

 

 C.when isocitrate is oxidized to α-Ketoglutarate

 

 

 

 D.when α-Ketoglutarate is oxidized to Succinyl CoA       

 

 E.succinctness of acetyle-CoA delay oxaloacetate

 

 

 

 

 

Question 4 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

In gluconeogenesis, organisms use ATP to pershape glucose, then in cellular respiration they fracture down the glucose intermittently to get vital-force. Why not normal abundance the ATP? (Select all that dedicate.)

 

 

 

 A. ATP does not bear proud-vital-force bonds.

 

 

 

 B. ATP is not vital-force slow plenty.

 

 

 

 C. ATP merely has vital-force behind it is activated by glucose.

 

 

 

 D. ATP merely has vital-force when it is steadfast to glucose.

 

 

 

 E. ATP is not steadfast plenty.

 

 

 

 F. ATP delayout a cofactor shapes crystaloutthread organizations.

 

 

 

 G. Using glucose nearestly to might enzymes is over efficient.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 5 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

 

 

Molecules engenderd from butter gain invade aerobic cellular respiration at

 

 

 

 A.glycolysis

 

 

 

 B.oxidative phosphorylation

 

 

 

 C.pyruvate oxidation

 

 

 

 D.Krebs cycle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 6 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

 

 

What is not a good-tempered-tempered biological oxidizing deputy?

 

 

 

 A.

 

Fe3+     

 

 B.

 

O2         

 

 C.NAD+

 

 

 

 D.FAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 7 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

What vitamin derivative accepts hydrogen for multifold I during ETC?

 

 

 

 A.thiamine

 

 

 

 B.riboflavin

 

 

 

 C.niacin

 

 

 

 D.pantothenic acid        

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 8 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

____________ carbon dioxide monads are fond off during three turns of the Krebs cycle?

 

 

 

 A.1

 

 

 

 B.2

 

 

 

 C.3

 

 

 

 D.4

 

 

 

 E.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 9 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Removal of NH3 is best picturesque as ____________ .

 

 

 

 A.beta oxidation            

 

 B.demination

 

 

 

 C.lipolysis

 

 

 

 D.glycolysis

 

 

 

 

 

Question 10 of 10             1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Assuming 2 ATPs are done per FADH2, how frequent ATPs gain be done in oxidative phosphorylation per glucose monad?

 

 

 

 A.0

 

 

 

 B.2

 

 

 

 C.4

 

 

 

 D.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 8- wk 5

 

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Part 1 of 1 -         9.0/ 10.0 Points

 

 

 

Question 1 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

What is the issue of vital-force in prescribe from origin to end?

 

 

 

 A.human→sun→grass→cow

 

 

 

 B.cow→human→grass→sun

 

 

 

 C.sun→grass→cow→human

 

 

 

 D.plant→sun→human→cow

 

 

 

 

 

Question 2 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Light-trusting reactions fix NADPH and oxygen by ________________ .

 

 

 

 A.oxidation

 

 

 

 B.reduction

 

 

 

 C.oxidation and reduction          

 

 

 

Question 3 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

The thoughtless fractions reactions are bringing consequently they

 

 

 

 A.pershape ATP and NADPH

 

 

 

 B.transmute CO2 into glucose

 

 

 

 C.allot H2O to fruit electrons

 

 

 

 D.exempt O2

 

 

 

 

 

Question 4 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

P700 pristine conveys an electron through chlorophyll and a jump

 

 

 

 A.quinone

 

 

 

 B.ferredoxin

 

 

 

 C.2Fe-2S

 

 

 

 D.plastocyanin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 5 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Protons from electron bliss gain heap in the

 

 

 

 A.stroma

 

 

 

 B.intermembrane distance

 

 

 

 C.matrix

 

 

 

 D.thylakoid lumen

 

 

 

Question 6 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

 

 

Organic monads are made in the _______________ .

 

 

 

 A.thoughtless trusting reactions     

 

 B.Calvin cycle

 

 

 

 C.Krebs cycle

 

 

 

 D.glycolysis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 7 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

What announcement shows the conformity unformed chloroplasts and mitochondria?

 

 

 

 A.twain exempt carbon dioxide

 

 

 

 B.twain engender ATP by proton gradient

 

 

 

 C.twain narrow NADP+

 

 

 

 D.twain use oxygen as the definite electron acceptor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 8 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

What properties are explicit by wavelengths? Select all that dedicate.

 

 

 

 A. Red assumes shabby vital-force

 

 

 

 B. Visible thoughtless’s wavelengths are among 400-740nm

 

 

 

 C. Green is profitable in assumeing thoughtless during photosynthesis

 

 

 

 D. Visible thoughtless’s wavelengths are among 400-740nm

 

 

 

 E. Chlorophyll b assumes a lot of vital-force from 460nm wavelengths

 

 

 

 F. Chlorophyll a reflects red thoughtless well

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 9 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

If rubisco does not part properly, what enjoin would be improbable?

 

 

 

 A.force to fix carbon

 

 

 

 B.force to allot water

 

 

 

 C.force to narrow NADP+          

 

 D.force to assume photons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 10 of 10             1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

____________ membranes can be fix in a chloroplasts.

 

 

 

 A.1

 

 

 

 B.2

 

 

 

 C.3

 

 

 

 D.4

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 9- wk 6

 

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Part 1 of 1 -         7.0/ 10.0 Points

 

 

 

Question 1 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

What describes transcription factors?

 

 

 

 A.coerce of gene indication

 

 

 

 B.determination of DNA duplication              

 

 C.ATP into cAMP

 

 

 

 D.collocation of glycogen

 

 

 

 

 

Question 2 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Cell deportment receptors bear three estates delay incongruous roles. Match each role to the estate that is binding.

 

 

 

A. Hydrophobic estate

 

B. Extracellular estate

 

C. Cytosolic estate

 

________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Binds the conspicuousing monad ________

 

 

 

 

 

2. Sends conformational transmute through the plasma membrane ________

 

 

 

 

 

3. Interacts delay downstream conspicuousing cascade ________

 

 

 

Question 3 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

If calcium razes are low, cAMP distillation acceptions which brings to collocation and exempt of parathyroid hormone. cAMP acts as a(n)

 

 

 

 A.enzyme

 

 

 

 B.phosphorylating deputy

 

 

 

 C.ligand

 

 

 

 D.cooperate messenger

 

 

 

Question 4 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Diacylglycerol and inositol triphosphate are exemptd from phosphatidylinositol biphosphate by ________ .

 

 

 

 A.adenylyl cyclase

 

 

 

 B.phospholipase C

 

 

 

 C.protein kinase C

 

 

 

 D.G-protein

 

 

 

 E.A-kinase

 

 

 

Question 5 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

________ is the substrate for adenylyl cylcase.

 

 

 

 A.GDP

 

 

 

 B.cAMP

 

 

 

 C.ADP

 

 

 

 D.GTP

 

 

 

 E.ATP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 6 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Protein phosphorylating enzymes succor regulated gene indication by

 

 

 

 A.moving mRNA into the cytoplasm

 

 

 

 B.translation

 

 

 

 C.DNA collocation

 

 

 

 D.protein activation

 

 

 

 

 

Question 7 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

A vulgar disquisition in frequent pathways is a cascade of correspondent enzymes acting on each other in series. For occurrence, MAP kinase kinase kinase adds a phosphate to MAP kinase kinase, which adds phosphate to MAP kinase, which adds phosphate to another substrate.

 

 

 

What is the boon of using a cascade of enzymes?

 

 

 

 A.Extra genes get backup in predicament the pristine became mutated.

 

 

 

 B.A cascade amplifies output from the pristine conspicuous.

 

 

 

 C.There is no boon – “selfish genes” are repeatedly maintained in separation for reasons not allied to the part of their encoded proteins.          

 

 D.A cascade is used for timing gone it delays the tally.

 

 

 

Question 8 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Vibrio fischeri are bioluminescent when the population reaches a unmistakable extent. This is an pattern of

 

 

 

 A.population density

 

 

 

 B.quorum sensing

 

 

 

 C.exponential growth

 

 

 

 D.origin of growth

 

 

 

 E.binary fission

 

 

 

Question 9 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Since plants bear tough cell walls shapeed from cellulose, convey of knowledge and materials among cells is prohibited.

 

 

 

 True

 

 

 

 False

 

 

 

Question 10 of 10             1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Teeth can bear a biofilm shapeed on the deportment. Cell conspicuousing gain

 

 

 

 A.acception cell quantity

 

 

 

 B.inducement acception saliva production

 

 

 

 C.inducement apoptosis

 

 

 

 D.inducement violent cell division

 

 

 

 

 

!

 

Chapter 10- wk 7

 

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Part 1 of 1 -         9.0/ 10.0 Points

 

 

 

Question 1 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Which monad initiates the stand-still of the cycle when injured DNA is detected in G1?

 

 

 

 A.Rb

 

 

 

 B.p53

 

 

 

 C.Cdk/cyclin multifold

 

 

 

 D.p21

 

 

 

 E.E2F

 

 

 

 

 

Question 2 of 10               0.5/ 1.0 Points

 

In which mark of cosmical cell(s) would 46 chromosomes be located? Select all that dedicate.

 

 

 

 A. diploid

 

 

 

 B. egg

 

 

 

 C. somatic

 

 

 

 D. gamete

 

 

 

 E. sperm

 

 

 

 F. haploid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 3 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

If there are 8 centromeres in metaphase, how frequent centromeres gain be exhibit in anaphase?

 

 

 

 A.4

 

 

 

 B.8

 

 

 

 C.16

 

 

 

 D.32

 

 

 

 

 

Question 4 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

A comprehensive cell gain be established to allot consequently

 

 

 

 A.a subside in deportment-to-volume bearing

 

 

 

 B.an acception in deportment-to-volume bearing

 

 

 

 C.crowding from trivialer cells

 

 

 

 D.comprehensive cells do not experiment immovable extent

 

 

 

 E.comprehensive cells use over nutrients than trivial cells

 

 

 

Question 5 of 10               0.5/ 1.0 Points

 

Damaged DNA can hypothetically be repaired during which checkpoint. Select all that dedicate.

 

 

 

 A. G1   

 

 B. S

 

 

 

 C. G2

 

 

 

 D. G0   

 

 E. M

 

 

 

 

 

Question 6 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Place the prescribe of incidents in chromosome packaging from opening to end.

 

 

 

 A.DNA enfold helix, nucleosome, sister chromatids, chromatin

 

 

 

 B.Chromatin, nucleosomes, DNA enfold helix, sister chromatids

 

 

 

 C.DNA enfold helix, chromatin, nucleosomes, sister chromatids

 

 

 

 D.sister chromatids, DNA enfold helix, chromatin, nucleosome

 

 

 

 

 

Question 7 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

In sort, there is an exclusion to integral administration. Of the tone under, which one has a very unwonted genome that violates the “rule”?

 

 

 

 A.Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacterium binding for Lyme ailment, has a direct genome and up to 21 plasmids.              

 

 B.E. coli, a vulgar bacterium in the cosmical domestic, has DNA nucleotides A, T, C, and G, delay merely one OH assemblage on the sugar moiety.   

 

 C.Humans bear a genome shapeed from 23 pairs of direct chromosomes, each of which is so covet that it must be wrapped up and brief into a distinctive organization to fit in the center. 

 

 D.Arabidopsis pollen is haploid, carrying merely one vision each of five direct chromosomes.

 

 

 

Question 8 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

When the p53 gene is injured, which incident may betide?

 

 

 

 A.Cells can allot uncontrollobly

 

 

 

 B.Cells gain fix the DNA ignoring the G1 checkpoint 

 

 C.Cells gain ignoring the G2 checkpoint

 

 

 

 D.Cells gain frequently sustain apoptosis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 9 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

A cell’s unimpaired quantity of outlineal knowledge is the

 

 

 

 A.nucleoid

 

 

 

 B.nucleus

 

 

 

 C.genome

 

 

 

 D.DNA

 

 

 

 

 

Question 10 of 10             1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

If a researcher looks at a cell and notices a nearest outoutthread of sister chromatids, which feature are they viewing?

 

 

 

 A.interphase

 

 

 

 B.prophase

 

 

 

 C.prometaphase

 

 

 

 D.metaphase

 

 

 

 E.anaphase

 

 

 

 F.telophase

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 11- wk 7

 

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Part 1 of 1 -         5.75/ 10.0 Points

 

 

 

Question 1 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

What is an service of asexual multiplicity? Select all that dedicate.

 

 

 

 A. it occurs quickly

 

 

 

 B. populates areas rapidly

 

 

 

 C. all organizms are clones

 

 

 

 D. proud genetic dissonance

 

 

 

 E. merely want one parent

 

 

 

 

 

Question 2 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

An organism has 36 chromosomes. At the end of meiosis I, each gamete contains

 

 

 

 A.26 chromosomes, 36 chromatids

 

 

 

 B.36 chromosomes, 72 chromtids

 

 

 

 C.18 chromosomes, 36 chromatids

 

 

 

 D.18 chromosomes, 18 chromatids

 

 

 

Question 3 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Which is bringing in stabilization of homolog pairing and construction of crossover in meiotic prophase?

 

 

 

 A.A

 

 

 

 B.B

 

 

 

 C.C

 

 

 

 D.D

 

 

 

 E.E

 

 

 

 

 

Question 4 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Meiosis and sexual multiplicity acception dissonance consequently

 

 

 

 A.they are savage enjoines

 

 

 

 B.it allows for populations to commingle to environmental transmutes

 

 

 

 C.they merely want one parent

 

 

 

 D.they gain approximately frequently bear incongruous manifestation arise

 

 

 

 E.they amount manifestation exceedingly quickly

 

 

 

Question 5 of 10               0.75/ 1.0 Points

 

Which incident is correspondent among profeature I and prophase? Select all that dedicate.

 

 

 

 A. The nuclear membrane begins to disintegrate

 

 

 

 B. Spindle fibers appear

 

 

 

 C. Each chromosome is secure of two chromatids

 

 

 

 D. Chromosomes condense

 

 

 

 E. Each chromosome has hypothetically experimentd crossover

 

 

 

 F. Tetrads are exhibit

 

 

 

 

 

Question 6 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

A comprehensive rise has a truth of multiple aneuploid ailments such as Down Syndrome, trisomy-18 and Klinefelter Syndrome (XXY). The predilection to defects seems to be inherited, but the gene binding is unrecognized.

 

What marks of petitioner genes would be most likely to bring to aneuploidy if they were mutated?

 

 

 

 A.Genes that are part of the G1 checkpoint of mitosis.

 

 

 

 B.Genes that encode proteins concerned in chiasma construction.

 

 

 

 C.Histone genes.

 

 

 

 D.Genes that coerce DNA collocation.

 

 

 

Question 7 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

A nuclear mystify does not usually shape about each set of chromosomes in the haploid daughter cells in _________.

 

 

 

 A.interphase

 

 

 

 B.profeature I

 

 

 

 C.metafeature I

 

 

 

 D.anafeature I

 

 

 

 E.telofeature I

 

 

 

 F.profeature II

 

 

 

 G.metafeature II               

 

 H.anafeature II

 

 

 

 I.telofeature II

 

 

 

 J.cytokinesis

 

 

 

 

 

Question 8 of 10               0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Which organization is disconnected by microtubules resulting in sister chromatids?

 

 

 

 

 

 A.A

 

 

 

 B.B

 

 

 

 C.C

 

 

 

 D.D

 

 

 

Question 9 of 10               1.0/ 1.0 Points

 

Which describes the conformity among gametes and spores?

 

 

 

 A.gametes can melt to beseem a zygote, but spores can lay-open into organisms delayout shapeing a zygote         

 

 B.gametes, not spores, can merely assist to genetic dissonance in populations

 

 

 

 C.gametes are frequently haploid and spores are frequently diploid

 

 

 

 D.gametes after nearestly from sporophytes to lay-open into gametophytes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 10 of 10             0.0/ 1.0 Points

 

How does metafeature in meiosis I and meiosis II vary?

 

 

 

 A.Sister chromatids are on the metafeature extract in meiosis I and tetrads are on the metafeature extract in meiosis II.          

 

 B.Homologous chromosomes outoutthread up in meiosis I and duplicated chromosomes outoutthread up in meiosis II.       

 

 C.All chromatids are the equitable identical in meiosis I and vary in meiosis II due to fractions assortment              

 

 D.The ploidy raze offscourings the identical in meiosis I but gain be narrowd in meiosis II.